Joule Unlimited

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Helioculture combines brackish water (or graywater), nutrients, photosynthetic organisms, carbon dioxide, and sunlight to create fuel.

Joule Unlimited, formerly known as Joule Biotechnologies,[1] is a producer of alternative energy technologies based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The company developed a process to generate hydrocarbon-based fuel by combining non-fresh water, nutrients, cyanobacteria, carbon dioxide, and sunlight. The company planned to break ground in October 2011 on a facility to produce more than 20,000 gallons of fuel per acre per year (19,000 m3/km2·a).[2]

Helioculture uses photosynthetic organisms, but is otherwise distinct from the process that makes fuel from algae. Oils made from algae usually have to be refined into fuel following a batch process, but helioculture produces fuel directly - either ethanol or hydrocarbons - that do not need refining. The Helioculture process also does not produce biomass. This process is enabled by the discovery of unique genes coding for enzymatic mechanisms that enable the direct synthesis of both alkane, olefin, ethanol, and other key molecules.[3] Helioculture allows for brackish water or graywater, nonindustrial waste water from sources such as baths and washing machines,[4] to be used, while traditional biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol require fresh water.

Joule Unlimited claims that its product will be cost competitive with crude oil at $50 a barrel ($310/m3). The company also states that its product could supply all of the transportation fuel for the United States from an area the size of the Texas panhandle.[5]

Joule Unlimited has not revealed the name of the organism that it uses, although it has acknowledged that the company has modified the organism.[6] In September, 2010, Joule received a patent for genetically altered bacterium.[7]

Joule Unlimited was founded within Flagship VentureLabs by Noubar Afeyan and David Berry.

In addition to its founders, Joule's Board of Directors includes Graham Allison, Anatoly Chubais, Stelios Papadopoulos, Caroline Dorsa, and Ruben Vardanian.[8] Joule's Scientific Advisory Board includes synthetic biologists George M. Church and Jim Collins.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ailworth, Erin (April 28, 2010). "$30M Is Feeding A Quest For Nonfossil Fuels". The Boston Globe. 
  2. ^ TOTTY, MICHAEL (October 17, 2011). "A Faster Path to Biofuels". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Portrait of a Transformative Technology: Joule Unlimited, Biofuels Digest, June 3, 2010
  4. ^ U.S. company hopes to make fuel from sunlight, CO2, Reuters, July 27, 2009
  5. ^ A Biofuel Process to Replace All Fossil Fuels, technologyreview.com, July 27, 2009
  6. ^ Carbon dioxide, sun, and secret ingredient are firm’s fuel recipe, Boston Globe, July 27, 2009
  7. ^ Biotech Company to Patent Fuel-Secreting Bacterium, New York Times, September 13, 2010
  8. ^ [1]

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