Journal Square Transportation Center

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Journal Square
Journal Square Transport bldg jeh.JPG
Station statistics
Address Kennedy Boulevard
Jersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°43′56″N 74°03′47″W / 40.732141°N 74.063114°W / 40.732141; -74.063114Coordinates: 40°43′56″N 74°03′47″W / 40.732141°N 74.063114°W / 40.732141; -74.063114
Line(s)
Connections Local Transit NJT Bus: 1, 2, 6, 64, 67, 80, 83, 84, 87, 88, 125, 319
Local Transit Red & Tan: 10/99S, 99
Local Transit A&C Bus
Local Transit Bergen Avenue IBOA
Platforms 2 island platforms
Tracks 4
Parking 464-car parking garage
Other information
Opened 1912
Rebuilt 1968 to mid-1970s
Electrified 600V (DC) Third Rail
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Traffic
Passengers (1999) 6.561 million Increase 5%
Services
Preceding station   PATH logo.svg PATH   Following station
  Regular service  
toward Newark
NWK–WTC
Terminus
Handicapped/disabled access
Terminus JSQ–33
toward 33rd Street
Handicapped/disabled access
toward 33rd Street
  Nights and weekends  
toward Newark
NWK–WTC
Terminus
Handicapped/disabled access
Terminus JSQ–33 (via HOB)
toward 33rd Street
Handicapped/disabled access
toward 33rd Street
  Former services  
Pennsylvania Railroad
New York and Long Branch Railroad
Terminus
Preceding station   Hudson and Manhattan Railroad   Following station
toward Park Place
Park Place – Hudson Terminal
Supporting spandrels
Cross-platform transfer between JSQ-33rd trains and NWK-WTC trains
Bus at Journal Square before turning into Pavonia Avenue and entrance to bus platforms followed by guagua (minibus) which also serves the region
Bus exiting Pavonia Avenue
Oval ramps and rooftop parking deck are seen to upper right

The Journal Square Transportation Center is a multi-modal transportation hub located on Kennedy Boulevard at Journal Square in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States.[1] Owned and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the complex includes a ten-story tower, a retail plaza, a bus station, a two-level parking facility, and the Journal Square station of PATH rail transit system. The underground station has a high ceiling and a mezzanine level connecting the platforms. The upper level of the station contains a bank of escalators leading to street level, elevators to parking, and a series of escalators leading to the street-level bus bays.

History[edit]

The JSTC was originally the site of the Summit Avenue Station of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. Summit Avenue station was built on April 14, 1912. The district was renamed Journal Square in the 1920s.

The open-spandrel concrete arch bridge carrying Kennedy Boulevard and the station, built in 1926, is a pared-down version of a more ambitious elevated plaza scheme proposed by consulting engineer Abraham Burton Cohen. Passageways were suspended from the arches to connect the railroad station to bus stops on the bridge deck above.[2] The original mid-roadway bus stop islands have since been removed.

The H&M was acquired by PATH in 1962, and reconstruction of the station began in 1968.[3] Though the cornerstone was installed on September 20, 1972, the center itself was opened in stages in 1973, 1974, and 1975[4] during the late phases of the Brutalist architecture movement. It is constructed over the Bergen Hill Cut, an excavated ravine, originally opened in 1834 and later used by the Jersey City Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Freight trains on the Passaic and Harsimus Line occasionally make use of the cut to traverse the Palisades along tracks north of the mass transit system.

The center is sometimes viewed as having contributed to the decline of the district by moving the train-bus interchange, and thus pedestrians, away from other commercial activities around the square[5]

A statue of Jackie Robinson at the center was dedicated in 1998.[6]

Vicinity[edit]

Rapid transit[edit]

The Journal Square PATH station opened on April 14, 1912, as the Summit Avenue Station of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. Currently it is served by two lines of the Port Authority Trans Hudson, being the terminus of the Journal Square – 33rd Street route.[7] At the platform level, the inside tracks are typically used by the Journal Square – 33rd Street trains, while the outside tracks are used by the Newark – World Trade Center trains.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit/Entrance, transfer to buses
M Mezzanine Entrance/Exit, automatic ticket dispensing machines, one-way faregates
B2 Westbound      NWK-WTC toward Newark (Harrison)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Westbound      JSQ-33 JSQ-33 (via HOB) alighting passengers only
Eastbound      JSQ-33 toward 33rd Street (Grove Street)
     JSQ-33 (via HOB) toward 33rd Street (Grove Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Eastbound      NWK-WTC toward World Trade Center (Grove Street)

Bus[edit]

Regular frequent bus service is provided by New Jersey Transit and private enterprises for points throughout Hudson County and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. There is also service to Newark, Hackensack, the Jersey Shore and Atlantic City .[8] Bus arrivals and departures use platforms accessible from within the station or via Pavonia or Sip Avenues.

Route destination major points
Bergen
A&C
Greenville Bergen Square
McGinley Square
Bergen Avenue
Old Bergen Road
1
NJT[9]
Newark-Ivy Hill

via Newark-Ironbound
and Downtown Newark

West Side
Lincoln Highway
Ferry Street/Raymond Boulevard
Market Street
16th Avenue
2
NJT[10]
Secaucus Junction Kennedy Boulevard
County Avenue
Meadowlands Parkway
6
NJT[11]
Greenville
Merritt Street
or Lafayette Loop
Liberty State Park
Summit Avenue
Communipaw Junction
Ocean Avenue
10 Bayonne
JFK Blvd and 3rd Street
Kennedy Boulevard
64N
limited weekday service
no weekend service
NJT[12]
Lakewood
NJT Bus Terminal
U.S. Route 9
67
limited service
NJT[13]
Toms River
Park and Ride
via Lakewood
seasonal: Seaside Heights
U.S. Route 9
Route 549
80
eastbound

NJT[14]
Exchange Place Newark Avenue
80
southbound

NJT[14]
Greenville
regular service
Hudson County Correction Facility
limited service
West Side Avenue
or
Lincoln Highway
limited service
83

NJT[15]
Hackensack Bus Terminal Summit Avenue
Bergen Turnpike
Tonnelle Avenue
U.S. Route 46
Main Street
84
NJT[16]
Nungesser's
North Bergen
Newark Avenue
Palisade Avenue
Bergenline
87
southbound
NJT[17]
Greenville
Gates Avenue
Bergen Square
MLK Drive
Old Bergen Road
87
northbound
NJT[17]
Hudson Place
Hoboken Terminal
Central Avenue
Palisade Avenue
9th Street-Congress Street HBLR
Paterson Plank Road
88
NJT[18]
Nungesser's
North Bergen
Kennedy Boulevard
119
No Sunday service
Port Authority Bus Terminal
42nd Street (Manhattan)
Kennedy Boulevard
9th Street-Congress Street HBLR
14th Street Viaduct
125
NJT[19]
Port Authority Bus Terminal
42nd Street (Manhattan)
Kennedy Boulevard
Marginal Highway
319
NJT[20]
Atlantic City Bus Terminal or
Wildwood Bus Terminal
Seasonal: Cape May
Garden State Parkway
Express to Sea Isle City
(stops in Toms River)
440 Shopper
A&C
Hudson Mall Marion Section
West Side Avenue
Route 440
Society Hill
A&C
Society Hill Marion Section
West Side Avenue
Droyer's Point

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Wikipmapia JSQ Trans Ctr
  2. ^ Cohen, A. Burton. "Hudson County Boulevard Bridge Plaza." Purdue Engineering Review 21, No. 4 (May 1926): 3-6, 22.
  3. ^ Construction of The PATH Journal Square Transportation Center; 1968
  4. ^ Port Authority:JSQ Trans Ctr history
  5. ^ Angel, Karen. "Journal Squared: A Jersey City neighborhood's housing multiplies." The New York Daily News. Friday November 13, 2009. 1. Retrieved on November 13, 2009.
  6. ^ Robinson statue and marker
  7. ^ Port Authority: JSQ Trans Ctr
  8. ^ JSQ carriers and routes
  9. ^ NJT bus 1 schedule
  10. ^ NJT bus 2 schedule
  11. ^ NJT bus 6 schedule
  12. ^ NJT bus 64 schedule
  13. ^ NJT bus 67 schedule
  14. ^ a b NJT 80 schedule
  15. ^ NJT 83 schedule
  16. ^ NJT 84 schedule
  17. ^ a b NJT bus 87 schedule
  18. ^ NJT bus 88 schedule
  19. ^ NJT bus 125 schedule
  20. ^ NJT bus 319 schedule

External links[edit]