Joy of Cooking (band)
Joy of Cooking was an American music ensemble formed in 1967 in Berkeley, California. Identified with the hippie culture, the band's music melded rock & roll with folk, blues and jazz. The band released three studio albums on Capitol Records in the early 1970s, as well as a minor hit single in 1971, "Brownsville". With bandleaders Terry Garthwaite and Toni Brown, Joy of Cooking was one of the earliest female-fronted bands in rock music history.
Joy of Cooking was led by pianist Toni Brown and guitarist Terry Garthwaite. The rest of the band consisted of bass guitarist David Garthwaite (Terry's brother), drummer Fritz Kasten and percussion player Ron Wilson. Keyboard player Stevie Roseman replaced Toni Brown for a time and bass players Happy Smith and eventually Jeff Neighbor replaced David Garthwaite on bass guitar.
Capitol Records issued three albums by Joy of Cooking in the early 1970s, and an anthology disc in 1993.
- Joy of Cooking (1971)
- Closer to the Ground (1971)
- Castles (1972)
- American Originals (1993)
A fourth album, Same Old Song And Dance (1973), was never released, although certain songs were included on American Originals.
A compilation of previously unreleased tracks, Back to the Heart, was issued on the independent NJOY label in 2007. The double-CD album includes a set of live music, the first such release by the band.
Toni & Terry
Garthwaite (sometimes known as Ruby Green) and Brown each had solo careers afterwards and also worked as a duo under the name Toni & Terry. Their full-length LP Cross Country was issued by Capitol in 1973, followed by The Joy in 1977.
Garthwaite refocused herself on jazz music, and in 1975 released her first solo album, Terry. The album was produced by David Rubinson and engineered by Fred Catero for Arista Records, and features accompaniment by numerous jazz artists of contemporaneous or future fame: Howard Roberts and Wah-Wah Watson on guitar; Chuck Domanico and Willie Weeks on bass; Sonny Burke, Roger Kellaway, and Patrice Rushen on keyboards; and Philip Smith on saxophone. Drums and percussion were played by Harvey Mason, Sr., John Guerin, Scott Mathews, James Gadson, and Bill Summers, and special guest vocals were contributed by The Valentinos and Bobby Womack. In later years, Garthwaite recorded several more albums for independent labels including Hand in Glove (1979), Moving Day (1985), and Sacred Circles (2000).
Remaining close to the Joy of Cooking sound, Brown released her first solo album, Good For You, Too, on MCA Records in Canada in 1973; it was released in the US in the following year along with a 7" single, "Big Trout River". She continued collaboration with Garthwaite, and also released a second solo album (Toni Brown, 1979) on Fantasy Records before changing careers. (Her discography is sometimes mistakenly conflated with that of former Relix magazine editor Toni Brown, who released numerous independent albums in a similar country-folk-rock vein in the 1990s and 2000s.) Brown earned a master's degree in clinical psychology and in 1991 founded Four Winds West, a non-profit transitional house for disadvantaged youth in Fairfax, California.
- Christgau, Robert (2002). "Christgau Reviews: Joy of Cooking". Robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Liberatore, Paul (May 10, 2007). "Trailblazing feminist rockers cooking again". Marin Independent Journal. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "Joy of Cooking, "Brownsville" " at Discogs (list of releases)
- Back to the Heart at AllMusic. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- Toni & Terry discography at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- Terry (1975) at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). Rock Albums of the '70s: A Critical Guide. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. p. 148. ISBN 9780306804090.
- Terry Garthwaite discography at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- Toni Brown discography discography at Discogs
- "Four Winds West: Safe passage to independence". Fourwindswest.org. Four Winds West, Inc. 2003. Retrieved 13 June 2014.