Joyce Hatto

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A publicity photograph of Joyce Hatto

Joyce Hila Hatto[1][2] (5 September 1928 – 29 June 2006) was an English concert pianist and piano teacher. Married in 1956 to William Barrington-Coupe, a record producer convicted of fraud in 1966, Hatto became famous very late in life when unauthorised copies of commercial recordings made by other pianists were released under her name, earning her high praise from critics. The fraud did not come to light until a few months after her death.

Early life and early career[edit]

Joyce Hatto was born in St John's Wood, North London, where her father was an antique dealer and piano enthusiast.[3] As a promising young professional, she played at a large number of concerts in London and throughout Britain and Europe, beginning in the 1950s. There were concertos (accompanied by the Boyd Neel, Haydn, and London Symphony Orchestras, and many others), solo recitals at the Wigmore and Queen Elizabeth Halls and elsewhere, as well as concerts by "pupils of Joyce Hatto"[4] in the late 1960s and early 1970s. She supplemented her earnings with work as a répétiteur for the London Philharmonic Choir, working under such conductors as Sir Thomas Beecham and Victor de Sabata; and as a piano teacher, both privately and at schools including Crofton Grange, a girls' boarding school in Hertfordshire.[5] She was also active in the recording studios, for several companies such as Saga Records, in England, Germany (Hamburg) and Paris.

Critical reception[edit]

Her playing drew mixed notices from the critics. A critic for The Times wrote of an October 1953 performance at Chelsea Town Hall that "Joyce Hatto grappled doggedly with too hasty tempi in Mozart's D minor piano concerto and was impeded from conveying significant feelings towards the work, especially in quick figuration."[6] Trevor Harvey wrote of her Saga recording of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2 "one wonders ... whether her technique is really on top of the difficulties of this music ... She shows a musical sense of give and take with the orchestra but it remains a small, rather pallid performance" (The Gramophone, August 1961).

Vernon Handley, who conducted the Guildford Philharmonic on Hatto's 1970 recording of Sir Arnold Bax's Symphonic Variations for her husband's Revolution label, said that "[a]s a solo pianist, she was absolutely marvellous. She had ten wonderful fingers and she could get round anything and also she was an extraordinarily charming person to work with, even if she could be very difficult."[6] In another interview, after the hoax had been revealed,[clarification needed] he added that "[s]he had a very doubtful sense of rhythm ... [t]he recording of the Bax was a tremendous labour."[7] Still the record received a favourable review: "Joyce Hatto gives a highly commendable account of the demanding piano part," wrote Robert Layton (Gramophone, February 1971).

In 1973 Hatto gave the world premiere of two recently published Bourrées by Frédéric Chopin in London's Queen Elizabeth Hall.[8] However in 1976 she stopped performing in public. It was later claimed that she was already battling cancer at the time.[9] However, the consultant radiologist who saw her every six weeks for the last eight years of her life stated that she was first treated for ovarian cancer in 1992, fourteen years before her death and had had no previous history of the disease.[10]

Fraud[edit]

In Hatto's last years, more than 100 recordings falsely attributed to her appeared. The repertoire represented on the CDs included the complete sonatas of Beethoven, Mozart and Prokofiev, concertos by Rachmaninoff, Tchaikovsky, Brahms and Mendelssohn, and most of Chopin's compositions, along with rarer works such as the complete Godowsky Chopin Studies. The recordings were released, along with piano recordings falsely attributed to the late Sergio Fiorentino, by the Concert Artist Recordings label, run by Hatto's husband William Barrington-Coupe, who had a long history in the record industry.[11] To go along with the release of these 'Hatto' recordings, stories began to be spread by Barrington-Coupe about his wife's contacts in the distant past with many of the greatest musicians of the mid-twentieth century, all by then dead;[6] even the distinguished critic Neville Cardus had been dazzled by her playing, according to a story found in one obituary.[12]

From 2003 onwards, the recordings attributed to Hatto began to receive enthusiastic praise from a small number of participants on various Usenet groups, mailing lists, and web forums,[13] sparked by a blind-listening test in December 2002 posted on ThePiano Yahoo! group featuring a recording under Hatto's name of Liszt's Mephisto Waltz. Specialised record review magazines and websites, such as Gramophone, MusicWeb and Classics Today, as well as newspapers such as The Boston Globe, eventually discovered Hatto, reviewed the recordings (with mostly very favourable notices), and published interviews and appreciations of her career; in one case, she was described as "the greatest living pianist that almost no one has ever heard of."[14] Those praising the recordings included Tom Deacon,[15] a former record producer for Philips, who produced that label's Great Pianists of the 20th Century series and was so fooled he praised and damned the same recording thinking that one was by Hatto and the other by Matsuzawa;[16] Bryce Morrison,[17] a long-time reviewer for Gramophone; Jed Distler,[18] a reviewer for "Gramophone" and Classics Today; Ateş Orga,[19] a music critic who also wrote some of the liner notes for Concert Artist, as well as an obituary; and Ivan Davis,[20] a well-known professional pianist.[21]

In May 2005, the musicologist Marc-André Roberge reported on the Yahoo! Godowsky group[22] that, in Hatto's version of the Chopin-Godowsky Studies on the Concert Artist label, a misreading of a chord was identical to one on the Carlo Grante recording (AIR-CD-9092, released 1993). However, this coincidence did not prompt Roberge (or others) to investigate further, and verification of the copying from the Grante disc only occurred in 2007.

In early 2006, doubts about various aspects of Hatto's recording output were expressed, both in the Rec.music.classical.recordings Usenet Group and, following the publication of a lengthy appreciation of Hatto in the March issue of Gramophone, by readers of that magazine. In particular, some found it hard to believe that a pianist who had not performed in public for decades and was said to be fighting cancer should produce in her old age a vast number of recordings, all apparently of high quality. It also proved difficult to confirm any of the details of the recordings made with orchestra, including even the existence of the conductor credited. The doubters were vigorously countered, most publicly by critic Jeremy Nicholas who, in the July 2006 issue of Gramophone, challenged unnamed sceptics to substantiate their accusations by providing evidence that would "stand up in a court of law". Nicholas's challenge was not taken up, and in December, Radio New Zealand was able, in all innocence, to re-broadcast its hour-long programme of glowing appreciation of the Concert Artist Hatto CDs. This programme included excerpts from a telephone interview with Hatto herself, conducted on April 6, 2006, in which she said nothing to dispel the presenter's assumption that she was the sole pianist on all the CDs.

The favourable reviews and publicity generated substantial sales for the Concert Artist CDs: in 2006, one online retailer did £50,000 worth of business with Barrington-Coupe.[5] Barrington-Coupe himself claimed to have sold 3051 Hatto CDs in 2005 and 2006, and 5500 from 2007 up to February 2009, and that he had made a "thumping great loss" on them.[23]

Hatto died on 29 June 2006 in Cambridge, England.[24]

Fraud revealed[edit]

In February 2007 it was announced in a series of articles in Gramophone and the magazine's website (after editor James Inverne commissioned an intensive investigation from audio expert Andrew Rose and others) that the CDs ascribed to Hatto had been discovered to contain copies, in some cases digitally manipulated (stretched or shrunk in time, re-equalised and rebalanced), of published commercial recordings made by other artists. While some of these artists were well-known, the majority were less so. When Brian Ventura, a financial analyst from Mount Vernon, New York, put the recording of Liszt's Transcendental Etudes credited to Hatto into his computer, the Gracenote database used by the iTunes software identified the disc not as a recording by Hatto but as one by László Simon. On checking online samples of the Simon recording, Ventura found it to be remarkably similar to the version credited to Hatto. He then contacted Jed Distler, a critic for Classics Today and Gramophone, who had praised many of the recordings ascribed to Hatto.[25]

Says Distler,

An identification of the source of another recording, which had been in preparation for some months,[28] was released the following day by The AHRC Research Centre for the History and Analysis of Recorded Music (CHARM) (based at Royal Holloway, University of London)[29] as a by-product of research on performances of Chopin Mazurkas.[30] Within a week of the initial story being posted on the Gramophone website on 15 February, the sources for some 20 of Hatto's Concert Artist CDs had been identified.

On each of the concerto recordings published in Hatto's final years under her name, the conductor's name was given as "René Köhler", and Barrington-Coupe provided a detailed biography for "Köhler".[31] The information given there has not withstood careful scrutiny.[32] The conductors whose work is represented on the concerto recordings credited to Hatto and Köhler are now known to include Esa-Pekka Salonen, André Previn and Bernard Haitink, while the orchestras, claimed to be the National Philharmonic-Symphony and the Warsaw Philharmonia, are now known to include the Vienna Philharmonic, The Philharmonia, and the Royal Philharmonic.

Admission of fraud[edit]

Barrington-Coupe initially denied any wrongdoing but subsequently admitted the fraud in a letter to Robert von Bahr, the head of the Swedish BIS record label that had originally issued some of the recordings plagiarised by Concert Artists. Bahr shared the contents of the letter with Gramophone magazine, which reported the confession on its website on 26 February 2007.[33] Barrington-Coupe claims that Hatto was unaware of the deception, that she would hear the final recordings believing that they were all her own work, and that he acted out of love and made little money from the enterprise, and that he started out by pasting portions of other pianists' recordings into recordings made by Hatto in order to cover up her gasps of pain.[7] Some critics, however, have cast doubt on this version of events, not least James Inverne in "Gramophone".[34][35] According to the UK Daily Mail:

The discovery of plagiarised tracks on a Concert Artist compact disc released under the name of pianist Sergio Fiorentino raised further questions.[37] Barrington-Coupe has so far refused to help identify the sources of the recordings issued under Hatto's name, claiming that "whatever I do, it won't be enough".[38]

Consequences[edit]

The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) announced an investigation. If the allegations are true, it would be "one of the most extraordinary cases of piracy the record industry had ever seen", according to a BPI spokesman.[39]

Robert von Bahr of the BIS label said that he "had given a lot of thought" to suing Barrington-Coupe for damages, but was inclined not to do so, on the assumption that the hoax recordings were "a desperate attempt to build a shrine to a dying wife".[10] He also said that he had advised László Simon to take advantage of the publicity by securing more concert engagements.[7]

Barrington-Coupe himself said that he "had given up worrying" about possible legal consequences, and added that "I don't consider I've hurt anybody. A lot of attention has been drawn to forgotten artists."[23]

The local Hertfordshire police force said that it would not take any action unless a complaint was made by the copyright holder of one of the original recordings.[23]

Film[edit]

A biopic called Loving Miss Hatto was screened on BBC television on 23 December 2012. The screenplay is by Victoria Wood and the film was made by Left Bank Pictures. Joyce Hatto was portrayed by Maimie McCoy and Francesca Annis. Rory Kinnear and Alfred Molina played her husband.

In literature[edit]

Joyce Hatto's story inspired a novel by the French-Vietnamese author Minh Tran Huy : La Double vie d'Anna Song ("The double life of Anna Song"). Anna Song, described as "the greatest pianist that no one has heard of", appears to record a huge discography despite illness and old age. Her husband, Paul Desroches, acts as producer for the recordings. It is later revealed in a magazine that the recordings are not the work of Song, but have been stolen, by her husband, from the work of others.[40][41]

Another novel drawn from the Hatto case is Lynne Sharon Schwartz's 2012 Two-Part Inventions. Schwartz has stated that her novel is directly based on the story of Joyce Hatto and William Barrington-Coupe.[42]

Recordings and their sources[edit]

The following is a list of some of the performances attributed to Hatto whose sources have so far been discovered (sorted by Concert Artist catalogue number). More detailed track by track information can be found at the Joyce Hatto Identifications website

Catalogue no. Recording Sources
CACD 20012 Frédéric Chopin
Mazurkas
Revealed as Eugen Indjic's 1988 performances released on the Claves label and re-released on Calliope (3321) in 2005. The number of Mazurkas on both CD sets is the same, but the ordering of them is different. The CACD20012 release has added filtering, and the speeds of each performance pair vary slightly in the range of a few percent (+1.2%, -2.8%, and −0.7% for three sample Mazurkas).[29][43] A cassette version of the Mazurkas released in 1993 was also taken at least in part from Indjic.[44]
CACD 20022 Leopold Godowsky
Studies on Chopin's Etudes
Tracks 1 and 14 are from the recording by Ian Hobson on Arabesque (Z6537). Tracks 2, 4–13, 16, 18, 22, and 23 are from the recording by Carlo Grante on Altarus. Tracks 3, 15, 17, 19–21, and 24–27 are from Marc-André Hamelin's recording on Hyperion.[45]
CACD 20032 Olivier Messiaen
Vingt regards sur l'enfant-Jésus
A copy of a performance by Paul Kim, recorded for Centaur in January 2002, time-stretched (slowed down) by 2.4%.[46]
CACD 20042 Maurice Ravel
Complete Piano Music
Found to be a copy of a CD release by Roger Muraro on the Accord label (Universal Classics France), recorded in May, 2003.[47]
CACD 80002 Johannes Brahms
Piano Concerto No.1, No.2, Rhapsodies, Op.79, Rhapsody Op.119 No.4.
Piano Concerto No.1 copied from a performance by Horacio Gutiérrez with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by André Previn on Telarc.[48] The same recording appears to be the source for the cassette recording of a performance of the concerto credited to Hatto (FED4-TC-098), dated 1994.[49]
CACD 80012 Johannes Brahms
Piano Concerto No.2, Klavierstücke Op.118
Piano Concerto No.2 copied from a performance by Vladimir Ashkenazy with the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Bernard Haitink on Decca.[50] Of the 6 pieces, Op.118, Nos.1, 2, 3, & 6 are performed by Dezső Ránki, from his recording on Harmonia Mundi (QUI 903083).[44]
CACD 80022 Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonatas Op.2
Taken from the recording by John O'Conor on Telarc.[51] At least 25 of the sonatas in the series come from O'Conor's recording.[52]
CACD 80092 Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonatas Op.7, Op.106
Taken from the recording by John O'Conor on Telarc.[51]
CACD 80102 Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonatas Nos. 30–32
Taken from the recording by John O'Conor on Telarc (CD80261).[53]
CACD 90302; 90312 Johannes Brahms
Complete Piano Works Vols. 4 & 5
Scherzo, Op.4, Ballades, Op.10 Nos. 1, 2, 3, Op. 118 Nos. 3 & 6, Op. 119 Nos. 3 & 4 taken from Dezső Ránki's recording on Harmonia Mundi (QUI 903083).[44]
CACD 90382 Frédéric Chopin
Complete Piano Works, Vol.4: The Ballades and Rondos
Rondos taken from the recording by Joanna Trzeciak on Pavane (ADW 7291)[54]
CACD 90422 Frédéric Chopin
Complete Piano Works, Vol.7: The Waltzes 1–20
Waltz No. 20 in F sharp minor comes from the Jerzy Sterczynski CD on Selene.[55]
CACD 90432 Frédéric Chopin
Complete Piano Works, Vol.8: The Three Piano Sonatas
Piano Sonata No.1 taken from the recording by Joanna Trzeciak on Pavane (ADW 7291).[56]
CACD 90522 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Piano Sonatas, K.284, K.309, K.310
These three Sonatas are copied from the set by Ingrid Haebler on Denon (CO-79399).[57] Hatto's other solo Mozart CDs have also been compared and the recordings have been shown to be identical to Haebler's.[citation needed]
CACD 90672 Franz Liszt
A Liszt Recital
Mephisto Waltz is taken from Musica Viva (1035 performed by Janina Fialkowska[58]
CACD 90682 Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg Variations
At least in part a copy of a performance by Chen Pi-hsien available on Naxos.[59] The theme and first five variations have been compared side to side and are confirmed matches.
CACD 90722 Felix Mendelssohn
Songs without Words, Vol.1
11 of these pieces come from Sergei Babayan's recording on CNR Classics.[52]
CACD 90832 Frédéric Chopin
Works for Piano & Orchestra, Vol.2
Krakowiak performed by İdil Biret on Naxos (slow introduction) and Garrick Ohlsson (fast section).[52]
CACD 90842 Franz Liszt
Transcendental Etudes
Found to be a copy of performances by László Simon on BIS. In some copies, Minoru Nojima's recording on the Reference Recordings label replaces Simon's for étude no.5.[60]
CACD 90852 Camille Saint-Saëns
Piano Concerto No.2
This appears to be the performance by Jean-Philippe Collard, accompanied by conductor André Previn, on EMI.[61]
CACD 91112 Franz Liszt
Operatic Transcriptions: The Italian Opera, Vol.2
Hexameron is put together from recordings by Endre Hegedűs on Hungaroton, Francesco Nicolosi on Nuova Era, and Oleg Marshev on Danacord. Réminiscences des Puritains is from Hungaroton (HCD 31299) performed by Endre Hegedűs.[62] The Réminiscences de Norma and Réminiscences de Lucia di Lammermoor are performed by Boris Bloch on Accord.[52]
CACD 91122 Franz Liszt
Operatic Transcriptions: The Italian Opera, Vol.3
Tracks 1–5 taken from two CDs, Hungaroton (HCD 31547) and (HCD 31299) performed by Endre Hegedűs.[5] Track 6 is from Giovanni Bellucci's recording on Assai (222172). (See also CACD91332.)[63]
CACD 91202 Isaac Albéniz
Iberia
All tracks taken from the recording by Jean-Francois Heisser on Erato (4509-94807).[citation needed] Evocacion is stretched by 30 seconds.[citation needed]
CACD 91212, 91222; 91232; 91242 Sergei Prokofiev
Piano Works
Taken at least in large part from the set recorded by Oleg Marshev on the Danacord label. Sonata Nos. 1, 6, 7, and 8 have been matched so far.[64][65]
CACD 91272 Sergei Rachmaninov
Preludes
Preludes Op.23 No.4 in D major, Op.32 No.5 in G major, Op.32 No.12 in G sharp minor, and Op.32 No.13 in D flat major are copied from John Browning on Delos (DE 3044).[citation needed]
CACD 91292 Modest MussorgskyPictures at an Exhibition; Sergei Rachmaninov – Piano Sonata No.1 The Mussorgsky is taken from the recording by Michele Campanella on Nuova Era (9708017513599).[66] The Rachmaninoff is taken from the recording by Tomás Kramreiter on the Ex Libris label.[67]
CACD 91302 Claude Debussy
Preludes
Copied from Izumi Tateno's recording on Canyon Classics (PCCL 00122)/Finlandia (FACD 411).[44]
CACD 91312 Claude Debussy
Complete Piano Works, Vol.2
Arabesques 1 & 2 are by Balázs Szokolay on Naxos. Hommage a Haydn and D'un cahier d'esquisses are by François-Joël Thiollier on Naxos. La plus que lente is by Noriko Ogawa on BIS (1205), track 13 is sped up by 7.6%, or 23 seconds. The source for the Études is the recording by Margit Rahkonen on Finlandia (4509-9558-1-2).[68]
CACD 91322 Franz Liszt
The Etudes, Vol.2
Paganini Études performed by Yuri Didenko on Vista Vera.[52]
CACD 91332 Franz Liszt
Operatic Paraphrase & Transcriptions, Vol.1
Track 3, Aida Coro di festa e marcia funebre, is from Giovanni Bellucci's recording on Assai (222172). (This track is also used as track 6 of CACD 91122, Liszt Operatic Paraphrase & Transcriptions Vol.3.)[69] The Verdi/Liszt Salve Maria from I Lombardi and Verdi/Liszt Reminiscenes de Simon Boccanegra are taken from Alberto Reyes' CD on the Connoisseur Society label.[70] The Ernani Paraphrase is by Herbert de Plessis on Pavane. The Sacred Dance and Final Duet from Aida, Rigoletto Paraphrase, and Miserere du Trovatore are all Boris Bloch on Accord.[52]
CACD 91692 An Anthology of Recital Encores, Vol.2 Tracks 4, Schubert/Godowsky Rosamunde, and 10, Albéniz/Godowsky Tango, are taken from CBC/Musica Viva (MVCD1026), by Marc-André Hamelin).[5] Track 8, Rubinstein Scherzo, is taken from Josef Banowetz's recording on Marco Polo (8-223176).[5] Track 9, Busoni Kammer-Fantasie über Carmen, is taken from Russian Disc (RDCD 10026) by Leonid Kuzmin. Track 11, Sinding Rustle of Spring is taken from Naxos by Peter Nagy. Track 12, Rossini-Liszt La Danza, is taken from EMI France (7243-5-55382-2-2) by François-René Duchâble.[5] The Czerny La Ricordanza Variations are performed by Oleg Marshev (Danacord), the Mendelssohn Variations on the Last Rose of Summer by Esther Budjiardo (Pro Piano) and the Paderewski Nocturne by Adam Wodnicki (Altarus).[52]
CACD 91792 Sergei Rachmaninov
The Transcriptions
Tracks 1–14 are taken from Harmonia Mundi/Saison Russe (RUS 288 122) performed by Alexander Guindin. (See also CACD 92172 entry.)[citation needed]
CACD 91952 Pyotr Ilyich TchaikovskyPiano Concerto No.1; Sergei ProkofievPiano Concerto No.3; Toccata, Op.11; Mily BalakirevIslamey: an Oriental Fantasy The Balakirev is taken from the recording by Michele Campanella on Nuova Era (9708017513599).[66]
CACD 92082 Domenico Scarlatti
Keyboard Sonatas, Vol.1
Taken from recordings by Dubravka Tomšič Srebotnjak on Sonia Classic (CD 74537) and other labels (tracks 1, 5–6, 10–17) and Balázs Szokolay on Naxos (8.550252) (the rest).[71]
CACD 92092 Domenico Scarlatti
Keyboard Sonatas, Vol.2
Taken from recordings by Patricia Pagny on De Plein Vent (DPV CD9346) (tracks 2–5, 9–11, 13, 16–19), Sergei Babayan on Pro Piano (PPR224506) (tracks 1, 6, 15), and Balázs Szokolay on Naxos (8.550252) (tracks 7, 8, 12, 14).[72]
CACD 92102 Domenico Scarlatti
Keyboard Sonatas, Vol.3
Taken from recordings by Prisca Benoit, Maria Tipo, Chitose Okashiro, Balász Szokolay, and Sergei Babayan.[73]
CACD 92172 Sergei Rachmaninov
Piano Concertos
Found to be a copy of performances by Yefim Bronfman, conducted by Esa-Pekka Salonen released by Sony.[citation needed] Coupled with Six moments musicaux, Op.16, from Alexander Guindin's performance on Harmonia Mundi/Saison Russe (RUS 288 122).[5]
CACD 92402 Domenico Scarlatti
Keyboard Sonatas, Vol.4
Taken from recordings by Beatrice Long, Benjamin Frith, Evgeny Zarafiants, Konstantin Scherbakov (all on Naxos) and Maria Tipo (on EMI).[74]
CACD 92432 Frédéric Chopin
Études
17 of the 27 tracks (all except Op.10 Nos.2 & 6, Op.25 Nos.1 and 7–12; and Nouvelle Etude No.1) are copies of performances by Yuki Matsuzawa on Novalis (150704), in some cases with tempo manipulation.[16]
CACD 92442; 92452 Franz Liszt
75th Anniversary Recital
Scherzo and March from the recording by Jenő Jandó on Hungaroton.[52]
CACD 92492 Enrique Granados
Piano Works, Vol.1
The first three pieces of Goyescas come from Hisako Hiseki's recording on La Ma de Guido (LMG 2031).[52]
CACD 92502 Camille Saint-Saëns
Complete Works for Piano & Orchestra, Vol.1
Piano Concerto No.4 is from Angela Brownridge's recording on ASV. The whole Concerto is a half step flat on the Hatto CD. Piano Concerto No.5 is the recording by Anna Malikova on Audite.[52]
CACD 92742 Paul Dukas
Complete Piano Music
Taken from Tor Espen Aspaas on Simax Classics (PSC1177).[75] One track on the CD, "Pour le tombeau de Paul Dukas" by Manuel de Falla, is taken from Miguel Baselga's recording on BIS (CD 773) (reduced slightly in speed).[76]

Early discography[edit]

The recent release of Arnold Bax's Symphonic Variations in E Major (CACD90212), issued by the Concert Artist label, is confirmed to be a reissue of Hatto's 1970 recording with the Guildford Philharmonic conducted by Vernon Handley, originally issued on Barrington-Coupe's Revolution label.

Hatto's authentic recordings never had a wide distribution, and as far as can be ascertained at this point, the above-mentioned work of Bax was the last to appear on LP in 1970. In the eighties, there were some more works released on tape cassettes (Grieg Piano Concerto and a number of Liszt compositions: the two Piano Concerti, Rigoletto paraphrase, Miserere del Trovatore paraphrase, Totentanz (solo piano version), Seven Hungarian Historical Portraits). The solo piano repertoire of these releases shows works Hatto played also at that period in London on various occasions at the Wigmore Hall and other venues.

Her early releases include:

  • Concert Artist 7-inch EPs:
    • Walter Gaze Cooper Piano Concerto #3
    • Elspeth Rhys-Williams, 4 Impressions, 2 Songs
    • Michael Williams Introduction & Allegro for piano & orchestra
  • Saga:
    • "Music for the Films" (Addinsell, Bath, Chas. Williams) w/London Variety Theatre Orchestra/Gilbert Vinter
    • Gershwin Rhapsody in Blue w/Hamburg Pro Musica/George Byrd[77]
    • Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto #2 w/Hamburg Pro Musica/George Hurst
    • Chopin Sonatas #1 & 3
    • Chopin Minor Piano works (Albumblatt, Fugue, Andante cantabile etc.)
  • Delta:
    • Mozart Piano Concertos K. 466 & 488 w/Pasdeloup Orchestra/Isaie Disenhaus
    • Mozart Piano Concerto K. 453, Rondo K. 382 w/London Classic Players/David Littaur
  • Fidelio:
    • Chopin 10 Nocturnes
    • Gershwin 16 items from the "Song Book"
    • Lecuona assorted piano pieces
  • Revolution:
    • Bax Piano Sonata #1, Piano Sonata #4, Toccata, Water Music
    • Bax Symphonic Variations in E w/Guildford Philharmonic/Vernon Handley
  • Boulevard
    • Rhapsody in Blue & An American in Paris from George Gershwin, with The New York Symphonica, conducted by George Byrd

(Album brought out in 1973, by Allied Records Ltd., 326 Kensal Road, London, W .10., as Boulevard, number 4124)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/joyce-hatto-411803.html
  2. ^ http://search.findmypast.co.uk/results/world-records/england-and-wales-births-1837-2006?firstname=joyce&lastname=hatto&eventyear=1928&eventyear_offset=0
  3. ^ The Guardian obituary, 10 July 2006. Retrieved 2012-12-24
  4. ^ Groups.google.com, "The real Hatto" (makropulos)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Report on Front Row, BBC Radio 4, 6 April 2007
  6. ^ a b c Joseph, Claudia; Luck, Adam (2007-02-24). "Revenge of the fraudster pianist". Mail on Sunday (London). Retrieved 2007-03-06. 
  7. ^ a b c Edgers, Geoff (2007-02-27). "Cherished music wasn't hers". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-03-06. 
  8. ^ Orga, Ates (1983). Chopin. London: Omnibus Press. p. 111. ISBN 0-7119-0247-X. 
  9. ^ MusicWeb International | Joyce Hatto Obituary
  10. ^ a b Duchen, Jessica. "Joyce Hatto: Notes on a scandal". The Independent, 26 February 2007. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  11. ^ Singer, Mark. "Joyce Hatto: Notes on a scandal". Daily Telegraph Issue No 47,412 10 November 2007 Telegraph Magazine p.55. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  12. ^ "Joyce Hatto (obituary)". Daily Telegraph (London). 2006-07-28. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  13. ^ See in particular the archives of Google Groups Rec.music.classical.recordings and the Yahoo Groups Great Pianists and Pianophiles
  14. ^ Dyer, Richard (2005-08-21). "After recording 119 CDs, a hidden jewel comes to light". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  15. ^ "Joyce Hatto: The great piano swindle". Intelligent Life magazine. September 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  16. ^ a b Groups.google.com, "Bryce Morrison and Joyce Hatto (and Deacon and Matsuzawa)"
  17. ^ Morrison, Bryce. "Hattogate: Bryce Morrison replies". Intelligent Life magazine. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  18. ^ Hurwitz, David. "Will the real Joyce Hatto please stand up!". Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  19. ^ Orga, Ates. "Joyce Hatto". Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  20. ^ Williams, Rod (September 2007). "Joyce Hatto: The great piano swindle". Intelligent Life magazine. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  21. ^ Boston Globe obituary July 4, 2006 (p. 2)
  22. ^ Roberge, Marc-André (2005-05-12). "Misreading in Mrs. Hatto's recording of Etude no. 2". Retrieved 2007-03-15.  (In Hatto's recording of Study No. 2 (second version of Op. 10, No. 1), the penultimate chord was played as if it were preceded by an F-clef (which caused it to sound as F minor rather than D-flat major), just as Carlo Grante had done in his first recording of the entire set. As strange as it could be that a pianist who had allegedly lived with these studies for decades should not eventually have corrected the misreading, the coincidence was not pursued. A comparative listening of Hatto's recording with those by Grante and Marc-André Hamelin would rapidly have led to the conclusions made public only in early 2007. For instance, one would have noted that bar 64 of Study No. 19 (first version of Op. 10, No. 10) features the same use of the lower octave as in Grante, and that bar 130 of Study No. 33 (first version of Op. 25, No. 4) has the same textural modification in the left hand as in Hamelin (Hyperion CDA67411/2, released 2000).)
  23. ^ a b c Beckford, Margin (2007-02-27). "Yes, I did pass off piano CDs as wife's work, says widower". Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  24. ^ Official Death Certificate, General Register Office
  25. ^ Jason Fry, "A Classical-Music Mystery", Wall Street Journal, 26 February 2007.
  26. ^ Joyce Hatto – The Ultimate Recording Hoax, 2007-03-05, archived from the original on 2007-03-16 
  27. ^ Will The Real Joyce Hatto Please Stand Up!
  28. ^ See this CHARM presentation from November 2006 for the essence of the findings
  29. ^ a b CHARM
  30. ^ Mazurka.org
  31. ^ Musicweb International | Joyce Hatto: the recordings, part 2
  32. ^ Singer, Mark (2007-09-17). "Fantasia for Piano". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  33. ^ James Inverne 'I did it for my wife' Joyce Hatto exclusive, William Barrington-Coupe confesses Gramophone 26 February 2007
  34. ^ See for example Classics Today (David Hurwitz)
  35. ^ Denis Dutton, 'Shoot the piano player, New York Times, 26 February 2007, and at DenisDutton.com
  36. ^ A symphony of deceit Wansell, Geoffrey (2009-07-14). "A symphony in deceit: Reclusive and gripped by cancer, how did a frail British lady produce piano recordings that sent critics wild?". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  37. ^ "Joyce Hatto and others: who was playing the piano?". CHARM. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  38. ^ Ann McFerran, interview with Barrington-Coupe, Sunday Times, 4 March 2007
  39. ^ Theunis Bates Of Concertos and Copyrights Time 22 February 2007
  40. ^ Huy, Minh Tran (2009). La double vie d'Anna Song. Arles, France: Actes Sud. ISBN 2-7427-8567-1. 
  41. ^ Frenchpubagency.com
  42. ^ Crispin, Jessa (2012). "Ambition Poisons the Pursuit of Art in 'Two-Part Inventions'". Kirkus Reviews. 
  43. ^ Musicweb International
  44. ^ a b c d Groups.google.com, "More Hatto matters" (ckhow...@ckhowell.com)
  45. ^ Groups.google.com, Hatto Godosky Chopin Etudes – a much more elaborate deception revealed (Andrew Rose)
  46. ^ MusicWeb International | Review of Olivier Messiaen Complete Works for Piano, Vol. 2 (Paul Kim)
  47. ^ Classics Today | Maurice Ravel Complete Piano Works (Joyce Hatto)
  48. ^ Groups.google.com, "More "Joyce Hatto" identifications" (Chris)
  49. ^ Groups.google.com, "More Hatto matters" (ckhow...@ckhowell.com)
  50. ^ Pristine Classical | Joyce Hatto – The Ultimate Recording Hoax – Part 5
  51. ^ a b Pianophiles
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Pianophiles
  53. ^ CD Review, BBC Radio 3, 24 February 2007.
  54. ^ Groups.google.com, "Hatto identifications: Chopin" (MrT)
  55. ^ Groups.google.com, "Hatto identifications: Chopin" (MrT)
  56. ^ Groups.google.com, "More Hatto Monkey Business (from Farhan)" (mal...@concentric.net)
  57. ^ PristineClassical.com, Joyce Hatto – The Ultimate Recording Hoax – Part 6
  58. ^ Farhanmalik.com, A Liszt Recital by Joyce Hatto
  59. ^ Launch.groups.yahoo.com, Pianophiles
  60. ^ Launch.groups.yahoo.com, Pianophiles
  61. ^ ClassicsToday.com, !Webpage has been deleted!
  62. ^ Groups.google.com, "More "Joyce Hatto" identifications" (fromgoogle.1.ludwig...@spamgourmet.com)
  63. ^ Groups.google.com, "More Hatto identifications from Norihiko Nagata" (Andrew Rose)
  64. ^ Lsus.edu, HattoGate
  65. ^ Prokofiev.org, "Joyce Hatto"
  66. ^ a b Howell, Christopher (June 2007). Mussgorsky and Balakirev – Michele Campanella: Classical CD Reviews. MusicWeb-International. Retrieved 2012-05-03,
  67. ^ Groups.google.com, "Hatto identifications: Rachmaninoff first sonata" (MrT)
  68. ^ Groups.google.com, "More Hatto identifications (Debussy Etudes)" (MrT)
  69. ^ Groupds.google.com, "More Hatto identifications from Norihiko Nagata" (Andrew Rose)
  70. ^ Groups.google.com, "More Hatto identifications (Liszt paraphrases)" (MrT)
  71. ^ Groups.google.com, "Scarlatti Vol. 1 (attributed to Hatto) identified: it's Tomsic and Szokolay" (s5z1e...@comcast.net)
  72. ^ Groups.google.com, "Scarlatti vol 2 by "Hatto" identified" (s5z1e...@comcast.net)
  73. ^ Groups.google.com, "Hatto's" Scarlatti vol 3 identified" (s5z1e...@comcast.net)
  74. ^ Groups.google.com, "Hatto's" Scarlatti vol 4 identified" (s5z1e...@comcast.net)
  75. ^ MusicWeb-International.com, Paul Dukas (1865–1935) Tor Espen Aspaas
  76. ^ Groups.google.com, "More "Joyce Hatto" identifications" (fromgoogle.1.ludwig...@spamgourmet.com)
  77. ^ Also issued on the Forum label: Carnovale, Norbert (2000). George Gershwin: a Bio-bibliography. Greenwood Press. p. 419. ISBN 0-313-26003-6. 

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