Mormon sex in chains case
The Mormon sex in chains case was a widely-reported scandal involving a sexual assault by an American woman, Joyce McKinney, on a young American male Mormon missionary, Kirk Anderson, in England in 1977. According to Anderson, he had been abducted by McKinney from the steps of a church meetinghouse, chained to a bed and raped by her. Before the case could be tried, McKinney had jumped bail and fled to America. The case aroused amusement and curiosity, especially as rape by a woman was not technically on the law-books at the time.
A young Mormon missionary named Kirk Anderson went missing in 1977, in Ewell, Surrey, after he was abducted from the steps of a meetinghouse of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. A few days later a freed Anderson made a report to the police that he had been abducted, driven to Devon, and imprisoned against his will, chained to a bed in a cottage, where Joyce Bernann McKinney (b. August 1949) — a former (1973) Miss Wyoming World (as Joy McKinney) — had abducted, attempted to seduce, and then raped him. The case became known by many sobriquets, including "The Mormon sex in chains case" and "The Case of the Manacled Mormon."
On 19 September 1977 McKinney was arrested and charged, but vigorously denied the charges. While being taken to Epsom for a court appearance, she held a notice up at the window of the police vehicle saying, "Kirk left with me willingly!" Press reports and McKinney's lawyer refer to the size differential between McKinney, described as slightly built, and Anderson, described as substantially larger.
Along with Keith May, her co-conspirator, McKinney jumped bail and fled the country. On 18 July 1979, they were both arrested in the United States by the FBI on charges of making false statements in order to obtain passports. They both received suspended sentences.
No extradition proceedings were instituted by Britain, and the English court sentenced McKinney in absentia to a year in jail. Under the then-Sexual Offences Act 1956, due to the victim's gender, there was no crime of rape committed, though indecent assault of a man applied.
Coverage in the media
The coverage in British newspapers in the final months of 1977 was extensive and highly prominent. Some newspapers sought to obtain "scoops" on the story, and to undermine each other as they managed to obtain and publish exclusive information. For example, the Daily Mirror researched McKinney's past and reported over several days that she had been a nude model. The Daily Mail attempted to devalue the Mirror's reports by advertising itself as "The paper without Joyce McKinney."
Brian Whitaker observes that the case provided "light relief" for the newspaper-reading public, from more serious stories about politicians. Roger Wilkes states that the coverage of the case "cheered Britain up no end." A Church of Scotland working party on obscenity in 1979 observed the "gusto" with which newspapers covered and followed the case, noting the accompaniment of the coverage by "the kind of illustration which a decade ago would have been under plain sealed cover."
The coverage was extensive in part because the case was considered so anomalous, involving as it did the issue of rape of a man by a woman. Backhouse and Cohen reported in 1978 that many men, privately, expressed their disbelief of such a possibility.
The case was documented in Joyce McKinney and the Manacled Mormon, a book by Anthony Delano in 1978, who based his work on assembled Daily Mirror coverage. British band Radio Stars also detailed the story in the tune 'Sex in Chains Blues' on their 'Holiday Album' release on Chiswick Records (1979).
In 2008 "Bernann McKinney" appeared in the media after having her pet dog cloned in Korea. Journalists attempted to tie the two incidents together in articles that claimed some facial similarity between "Bernann McKinney" and Joyce Bernann McKinney. After initial denials the International Herald Tribune and other publications carried an admission by McKinney that she was the person named in the 1977 case. The revival of interest in the story led the documentary filmmaker Errol Morris to produce his film, Tabloid (2010), based on the media sensation surrounding the story.
Anderson is now a real estate agent, and shies away from publicity. McKinney is reported to now use a wheelchair for mobility, and lives in Newland, in the western North Carolina mountains. Keith May, her co-conspirator, died in 2004.
- Fernandes 1999, pp. 489
- Dobner, Jennifer (2008-08-10). "Cloned-dog owner is '70s fugitive". The Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-03-17.
- Bone & Kennedy 2008
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- "Sexual Offences Act 1956 (c.69), section Intercourse by force, intimidation, etc". Office of Public Sector Information. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Whitaker 1981, pp. 39, 55
- Wilkes 2002, pp. 286
- CoSWP 1979, pp. 29
- Backhouse & Cohen 1978, pp. 163
- Fillion 1996, pp. 331
- Woestendiek 2010
- Dobner 2008
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- Scandal and Subjective Reality in Errol Morris's Tabloid Village Voice 13 July 2011
- Leonard, Tom (2011-08-12). "I still love my manacled Mormon: 'Madam Mayhem' Joyce McKinney who kidnapped missionary with mink-lined handcuffs is still defiant as film is made of her life". Daily Mail (London).
- Backhouse, Constance; Cohen, Leah (1978). The Secret Oppression: Sexual Harassment of Working Women. Macmillan of Canada. ISBN 0-7705-1789-7.
- Church of Scotland Working Party on Obscenity and Community Standards, Church of Scotland Social Responsibility Committee (1979). Obscenity and Community Standards. St Andrew Press.
- Delano, Anthony (1978-06-16). Joyce McKinney and the Manacled Mormon. Mirror Books. ISBN 978-0-85939-140-5.
- Fernandes, Fatima (1999). "Sex scandals". In Peter Childs and Mike Storry. Encyclopedia of Contemporary British Culture. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-14726-2.
- Fillion, Kate (1996). Lip Service: The Truth about Women's Darker Side in Love, Sex, and Friendship. HarperCollinsPublishers. ISBN 0-06-017290-8.
- Whitaker, Brian (1981). News Limited. Minority Press Group. ISBN 0-906890-04-7.
- Wilkes, Roger (2002). Scandal: A Scurrilous History of Gossip. Atlantic. ISBN 1-903809-63-0.
- Woestendiek, John (2010). Dog, Inc.: The Uncanny Inside Story of Cloning Man's Best Friend. New York: Avery Penguin. ISBN 978-1-58333-391-4.
- "Despite scandal, South Korean cloning firm says it has no plans to screen clients". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2009-02-23. "On Saturday, McKinney repeated the same argument her lawyer made all those years ago: There is no way she could have overpowered the young Mormon, because he was much bigger and stronger, at what she said was 300 pounds, or 136 kilograms."
- Bone, James; Kennedy, Dominic (2008-08-08). "Missing years in Bernann McKinney's strange journey from Mormon sex case to clones called Booger". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 2009-02-22. "In 1977, the former Miss Wyoming stalked her lover, a Mormon missionary, to a tabernacle in East Ewell, Surrey, allegedly kidnapped him and held him in a cottage in Devon. There, the 17-stone Kirk Anderson claimed, his petite, busty admirer tied him to a bed using mink-trimmed handcuffs, slipped into a see-through nightie and forced him into sex"
- Batty, David (2008-08-08). "Joyce McKinney: from Mormon manacling to dog cloning". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- Brunton, Michael (2008-08-11). "Cloner Dogged by Sex Scandal". Time magazine (Time Inc.).
- Dobner, Jennifer (2008-08-09). "Bernann McKinney, Joyce McKinney: Cloned puppies and a mormon sex slave? > Is the woman who cloned her puppies the same one who held a Mormon missionary hostage 31 years ago?". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2009-02-24. "Joyce McKinney surfaced again in Utah in May 1984 and was arrested for allegedly stalking the workplace of the same Mormon man she was accused of imprisoning in England. News reports say that police found a length of rope and handcuffs in the trunk of McKinney’s car, along with notebooks detailing the man’s daily activities."
- Gordon, George (2008-08-07). "A cloned dog, a Mormon in mink-lined handcuffs and a tantalising mystery". Mail Online (London). Retrieved 2009-02-22. "In 1978, Joyce McKinney jumped bail and disappeared after being charged with kidnapping a 17-stone male Mormon missionary, whom she had chained to a Devon cottage bed with mink handcuffs and forced to have sex."
- O'Neill, Dan (2008-01-29). "A Mormon, a beauty queen and manacles...". South Wales Echo. Retrieved 2009-02-23. "Joyce, remanded on bail, came out after 11 weeks in Holloway in time to sign a deal with Penthouse Magazine, then disappeared with the faithful Keith, fleeing to Canada, sentenced in her absence to a year in jail"
- Peterkin, Tom (2008-08-07). "Dog-cloner denies being Joyce McKinney of the 'Morman sex-slave' case". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2009-02-22. "The animal-lover, who has been thrust into the limelight after her pet dog was cloned by Korean scientists, has vehemently denied that she is a former beauty queen accused of a bizarre and salacious sex scandal that fascinated the world 30-years-ago."