Joyce Murray

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Joyce Murray
MP
JoyceMurray.jpg
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Vancouver Quadra
Incumbent
Assumed office
March 17, 2008
Preceded by Stephen Owen
MLA for New Westminster
In office
2001–2005
Preceded by Graeme Bowbrick
Succeeded by Chuck Puchmayr
Minister of Water, Land and Air Protection of British Columbia
In office
June 5, 2001 – January 26, 2004
Premier Gordon Campbell
Preceded by Ian Waddell
Succeeded by Bill Barisoff
Minister of Management Services of British Columbia
In office
January 26, 2004 – June 16, 2005
Premier Gordon Campbell
Personal details
Born (1954-07-11) July 11, 1954 (age 59)
Schweizer-Reneke, South Africa
Political party Liberal Party of Canada
Other political
affiliations
British Columbia Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Dirk Brinkman
Residence Vancouver, British Columbia
Profession Businesswoman, politician, activist

Joyce Murray (born July 11, 1954) is a Canadian politician, businesswoman, and environmental advocate. She is currently the Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Vancouver Quadra, which she has represented in the House of Commons as a member of the Liberal Party of Canada since 2008.

Murray previously served as a Cabinet Minister in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, first as Minister of Water, Land, and Air Protection from 2001-2004, and then as Minister of Management Services until June 2005.

In April 2013, Murray placed second in the Liberal Party of Canada leadership election, 2013.[1] In August 2013, Murray became critic for both National Defence and Western Diversification.[2]

Background[edit]

Murray was born in 1954 in Schweizer-Reneke, South Africa, and emigrated to Canada with her parents in 1961, settling in Vancouver, in the Point Grey area, where she lives now.[3] Murray's mother, Charlotte Coe Murray, granddaughter of Oregon Senator Henry Waldo Coe and suffragist Viola May Coe, attended and was the first female Assistant Professor at UBC architecture school.[4][5][6] Charlotte became an award-winning architect who specialized in affordable community and senior housing and heritage restoration, winning heritage restoration Gold Medals, including for Christ Church Cathedral.[4] In 1968 Murray's father, Gordon Murray, founded Murray & Associates Surveying.[7]

After graduating from Lord Byng Secondary School in West Point Grey, Murray attended Simon Fraser University in the 1970s, studied archaeology and linguistics, and then completed Pre-med. In 1989, now a mature student, she pursued an Executive Master’s degree in Business Administration, securing, says John Richards, the highest Graduate Record Scores SFU had seen up to 1992 when she received the Faculty of Business’ “Dean’s Convocation Medal” as the top MBA graduate.[8] Her thesis was a policy analysis of one of Canada’s options for meeting the challenge of climate change.[9][10]

In 1977 Murray married Dirk Brinkman with whom she co-founded a group of reforestation companies and raised three children; Baba Brinkman, Erik Brinkman, and Dawn Brinkman.

Business career[edit]

In 1979 Murray co-founded Brinkman and Associates Reforestation Ltd. along with her husband Dirk. Brinkman, which started as a small tree-planting proprietorship in British Columbia, and began to expand when Joyce and Dirk started working together in 1975. In 1976, Nick Kendall of Orca Productions captured the camaraderie and sheer hard work of these wilderness adventures of planting millions of trees in the heavy slash debris of that era’s logging in a one hour NFB documentary “Do it with Joy”.[11] Released in 1977, it is regarded as a tree planting classic today. In 1979, the CBC made “Do it with Joy” into a half-hour documentary. The companies have continuously grown and diversified their operations and recently planted their billionth tree.[12][13]

Murray and Brinkman diversified the company across Canada (1978 Alberta; 1983 Ontario, 1987 Sask., 1989 Que. 1992 Manitoba, 1993 Yukon) and beyond reforestation into ecosystem restoration, urban restoration, forest management services for First Nation communities, rights of way clearing and fully integrated harvest to reforestation services as well as sustainability initiatives. In 1994 the company’s long-term strategic international division, BARCA, was formed to develop forestry initiatives and plantations in Central America.[14] In 2007, Brinkman co-founded The Earth Partners LP which is undertaking the largest private soil and ecosystem restoration projects in the USA.[15] Currently, the company operates in six countries and is developing projects in several others. It employs approximately 600 full-time and 800 seasonal positions. Joyce was integral to developing management systems, organizational re-engineering, strategic development, restructuring, training and business planning and for a period beginning 1979 she was the Chair of the BOD.[16][17]

Provincial politics[edit]

From 1996 to 1999 Murray sat on the BC Forest Resources Advisory Board, as well as the GVRD Waste Management Committee.[18] As a result of her public interventions, the leader of the then Opposition attempted to persuade her to run for nomination as a BC Liberal candidate, but she challenged him to lead more strongly on sustainability commitments.[19] When she declared as a candidate in May 2000, the headline “From the Greens to the Liberals" ran over an article that opens with predictions Murray had made in 1997 about forest renewal, her background and wish "to create a sustainable community".[20]

In August 2000, Murray successfully secured the nomination as the B.C. Liberal candidate for the riding of electoral district of New Westminster. During the election, she developed climate action and forest renewal policy papers for the Leader of the Opposition. In 2001 she switched from business to politics full-time when she became the first Liberal to be elected from New Westminster in 49 years.

She was named a cabinet minister by Premier Gordon Campbell in June, serving from 2001-2004 as the first ever Minister of Water, Land and Air Protection, and as Minister of Management Services from 2004 until the 2005 election.[21] From 2003-2004, Murray was the President of the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, a collection of environment ministers from federal, provincial, and territorial jurisdictions.

Her tenure as Minister of Water, Land and Air Protection focused on protecting important and unique ecological sites in the province. For example Murray worked towards developing an agreement with the Heiltsuk first nation and brought about co-management of the protected Hakai Luxvbalis Conservancy Area.[22][23] Also under Murray’s leadership, Spruce Lake Protected Area was named a provincial park, and Burns Bog, the largest domed peat bog on the west coast, was purchased by the province and other local public entities and became the Burns Bog Ecological Conservancy Area. She also presided over budget cuts in the department and rollbacks in environmental regulations. The chair of the Sierra Club’s B.C. chapter stated in 2003 that “I have never seen such an assault on the environment”. However, the Sierra Club later awarded Murray with a medal for her environmental work.[24]

Murray also introduced the first comprehensive framework strategy for total product stewardship for recycling of all products in British Columbia.[25] The new regulations required that producers assume responsibility for removing their products from the waste stream. She also brought together the province's 13 oil producers to develop a cooperative solution for recycling waste oil, plastic (from containers), and steel wool from oil filters. At that time, over 22 million litres of oil was entering the GVRD waste stream annually. Murray then brought the electronics industry under the product stewardship framework to develop solutions for all electronics waste, and worked with the Pulp and Paper industry to help them implement their stewardship strategy. Murray’s work has since served as the basis for similar legislation in several other provinces.

As Minister of Management Services, Murray participated in the move to the first ever cross-Canada interprovincial procurement program.[26]

She was defeated by Chuck Puchmayr in the 2005 provincial election before moving on to federal politics.

Federal politics[edit]

Point Grey Fiesta Day in Vancouver Quadra June 19, 2010

In the 2006 federal election Murray was the Liberal Party candidate in the riding of New Westminster—Coquitlam. She placed third in the riding behind New Democrat Dawn Black and Conservative incumbent Paul Forseth.[27] In 2007, she defeated two other women to become the Liberal candidate in the riding of Vancouver Quadra. Murray had lived in the riding when at Lord Byng Secondary School but added to her credentials by purchasing a $1.4 million home in the riding before winning the nomination.[28] Stephen Owen, the incumbent Liberal MP in the riding, resigned in July 2007. In a March 2008 by-election Murray narrowly defeated her main competitor, Conservative candidate Deborah Meredith.[29] Murray was re-elected in 2008 and 2011.

Murray became the third-party opposition critic for Small Business and Tourism, the Asia Pacific Gateway, and Western Economic Diversification for the Liberal Party’s shadow cabinet.[30] She previously served as the Liberal critic for Amateur Sport leading up to the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, and as the critic for Democratic Reform in 2008.[21][31]

During her first term in the House of Commons she sat on the House’s Standing Committee on International Trade and was Vice-Chair of the Liberal Caucus Committee on Environmental Sustainability. Murray also visited Colombia and Panama to review proposed Free Trade Agreements.[32] She attended the climate negotiations at the Bali Conference in 2007 and the Copenhagen Summit in 2009.[33] After the latter, Murray wrote, while applauding positive actions on Canada's municipal governments, "a patchwork of climate initiatives is far from effective – a coordinated approach across this vast and diverse country is required".[34]

Since her first term, Murray’s committee experience has included membership on the Standing Committees on Environmental and Sustainable Development, Fisheries and Oceans, and Vice-Chair of the Parliamentary Committee on Health.[35] She is also an active member of the Canada-China Legislative Association, chairs Parliament’s All Party Conservation Caucus, and is the Vice-Chair of the Liberal Policy Caucus. In March 2012 Murray visited Haiti as a member of a delegation representing the Canadian Section of ParlAmericas.[36]

In June 2008, she presented her first private member’s bill, Bill C-572, which proposed exempting bikes (including electric bikes), bike accessories, repairs, and safety training from GST. In December 2010, Murray introduced Bill C-606, An Act to amend the Canada Shipping Act, which proposed to ban oil tanker traffic on Canada’s Pacific North Coast. The Bill passed first reading in the House of Commons and was scheduled for second reading when an election was called in March 2011. She has since reintroduced the bill as Bill C-437.

Murray is opposed to all pipelines that would ship Alberta oil and bitumen to the British Columbia coast, calling them a "stone age" approach to energy development.[37] Murray has called for more oil to be refined and upgraded in Canada and for an end to "oilsands industry subsidies, and opposition to pipeline proposals to carry bitumen to a B.C. port".[38]

Leadership[edit]

Murray during a candidates debate on February 16, 2013 in Mississauga

Murray confirmed in September 2012, that she was exploring the idea of running for leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada.[39][40] On November 26, 2012, she announced that she was entering the leadership race.[41][42] Murray was the only candidate in the leadership race located in western Canada.[43] However, former Toronto MP Martha Hall Findlay's campaign was being run from Calgary, Alberta and she had recently been working in the city.[44]

Murray described her leadership platform to a "capacity crowd" in her riding on December 1. Murray announced that she supported appointing a minimum of 40 percent women to cabinet and to government boards, commissions, and agencies. She also supported putting a price on carbon, legalizing marijuana, and wanted Liberals to work cooperatively with the New Democratic Party (NDP) and the Green Party in the next federal election if this is the desire of riding associations.[45] Murray was the only candidate in the leadership race who supported cooperating with other parties before the election.[46] More than half of Liberals (53%), NDP supporters (55%) and Green Party supporters (57%) polled February 6 were supportive of running a single candidate against the Conservatives in each riding.[47] The NDP party was officially opposed to the idea although their house leader, Nathan Cullen, had suggested the concept before when he gained support from Greens according to Green Party leader Elizabeth May. May praised Murray "for charting a difficult course, displaying political courage and integrity".[48][49] On the eve of the third debate Murray's position had come to the attention of on-line groups seeking electoral co-operation.[50][51] Murray was also the only Liberal leadership candidate to speak out strongly in favour of electing the House of Commons with a system of proportional representation, favouring a system which supplements individual districts with "list seats" to make a party's seat share for a given region identical to vote share. She challenged Trudeau on the issue, especially over his assertion that voters wanted proportional representation because they didn't understand the consequences of adopting it.[52]

On March 13, Marc Garneau, who was considered to be in second place, dropped out of the leadership race. An internal poll released by Garneau showed that Murray was in third place behind Justin Trudeau and Garneau, with 7.4% support among potential voters, and she had taken the role of "challenger".[53][54][55] It was later admitted that the poll did not comply with federal caller identification rules.[56] March 23, Elizabeth May announced the Green party would not run a candidate in the Labrador by-election and Murray announced that cooperation on the matter had been discussed with May.[57][58][59] The topic was discussed in the 5th debate.[60] The NDP nominated a candidate although May asked them not to.[61] On March 26 Murray claimed to have the greatest number of registered supporters.[62] Similar numbers of supporters and members of the party may have registered to vote.[63]

In the fourth quarter of 2012, Murray's raised $56,554.06 in campaign donations. Out of the seven candidates who were registered at this time she placed fifth in the amount of donations raised.[64] A March 2013 report showed Murray in third place having raised $169,000.[65] A later March report put Murray in second place having raised $198,000.[66]

With each of the 308 ridings across the country assigned equal weight, Joyce Murray finished in second place with 10.16% points ahead of Martha Hall Findlay's 5.71% and behind winner Justin Trudeau's 80.09% points.[1] Trudeau had lost only 5 ridings, all to Murray and all in BC.[67]

Federal politics after the leadership race[edit]

Joyce Murray was appointed the Liberal critic for both National Defence and Western Diversification and became chair of the Party's Northern and Western Caucus.[2][68][69] Murray spoke out on matters from defence procurement and safety to electoral reform.[70][71][72] In her defence role, Murray co-authored a published opinion "Who's watching our spies?" when a security scandal arose after Parliament was prorogued on 16 September 2013.[73]

Prorogation does not require Private Members’ bills to be reintroduced, hence Murray's bill Bill C-437 from the first session of the 41st Canadian Parliament remained in place as the second session opened 16 October 2013.[74] Before the opening, Liberal Party expenses, including Murray's, had been posted.[75]

Articles by Murray,"Canada's Navy is a Sinking Ship", and "My Wish List for National Defence in 2014", published 27 November and 20 December respectively.[76][77] The first draws from the comments made in the Auditor General's report covering the National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy.[78]

2 March 2014, Joyce Murray was introduced to Vancouver Quadra supporters as their acclaimed candidate and the first Liberal to be selected in British Columbia to run in the 42nd Canadian federal election tentatively scheduled for 19 October 2015.[79]

18 June 2014, Murray tabled for first reading, Private Member's Bill C-622, "An Act to amend the National Defence Act (transparency and accountability), to enact the Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts". [80]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Justin Trudeau elected Liberal leader in a landslide". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 15 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.parl.gc.ca/Parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=86fed1de-3861-4448-8242-ad414073ef2e&Language=E&Section=FederalExperience
  3. ^ http://www.parl.gc.ca/ParlInfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=86fed1de-3861-4448-8242-ad414073ef2e&Language=E
  4. ^ a b "We Honor Our Alumni and Volunteers". Catlin Gabel. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.mandanhistory.org/biographiesak/henrycoe.html
  6. ^ http://centuryofaction.org/index.php/main_site/document_project/viola_mrs._waldo_coe_and_abigail
  7. ^ http://www.aplinmartin.com/surveying.htm
  8. ^ "City woman branches out into business" p12 Royal City Record, June 8th 1993
  9. ^ Joyce C. Murray: Global Warming: Policy Analysis and Proposal for a Carbon Sink Silviculture Program (1992).http://brinkmanforest.ca/articles/joyce_murray_global_warming_thesis.php
  10. ^ http://joycemurray.liberal.ca/files/2011/10/Joyce-Murry_Thesis.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.plantingtheplanet.com/planters/joyce-murray-treeplanting/
  12. ^ "B.C. MP Joyce Murray launches Liberal leadership bid". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 27 November 2012. 
  13. ^ http://www.brinkmanforest.ca/one_billionth_tree.php
  14. ^ 2006 http://www.rainforest-alliance.org/forestry/documents/barcafmpubsum06eng.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.theearthpartners.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3&Itemid=7
  16. ^ The Kootenay Review, Vol 2, #2, January 1988 http://www.brinkmanforest.ca/articles/kootenay-review-1988.php
  17. ^ http://brinkmanforest.ca/articles/carbon-sink-murray.php
  18. ^ http://brinkmanforest.ca/articles/frbc-policies-murray.php
  19. ^ http://brinkmanforest.ca/articles/wsca-proposals-murray.php
  20. ^ Lori Pappajohn, Special Report, Royal City Record, May 2000
  21. ^ a b Yaffe, Barbara (10 December 2012). "Quiet, competent Joyce Murray brings message of sustainability to federal Liberal race". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  22. ^ 4th Session, 37th Parliament, Hansard Vol 18 No 10 Page 8058 November 19th 2003
  23. ^ http://www.hellobc.com/activitylisting/4547029/hakai-luxvbalis-conservancy-area.aspx
  24. ^ Walkom, Thomas (1 February 2013). "Joyce Murray a complicated Liberal: Walkom". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  25. ^ Status discussed 2003 Legislative Session: 4th Session, 37th Parliament Hansard -- Thursday, May 15, 2003 pm -- Vol. 15, No. 14
  26. ^ HANSARD WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 2004 ESTIMATES: MINISTRY OF MANAGEMENT SERVICES http://www.leg.bc.ca/hansard/37th5th/h40421p.htm#10329
  27. ^ "Westminster-Coquitlam". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  28. ^ "Murray to run in Quadra". Vancouver Province. 13 April 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "Three of four byelection wins 'great day': Dion". The Edmonton Journal. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  30. ^ "Critics". Liberal Party of Canada. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  31. ^ Murray, Joyce (14 December 2009). "The triumphs and challenges of the 2010 Olympics and Paralympics". Straight.com. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  32. ^ http://openparliament.ca/politicians/joyce-murray/?page=40
  33. ^ http://www.bloggingcanadians.ca/ConservativeBlogs/Joyce_Murray_is_Stephane_Dions_sort_of_environmentalist/
  34. ^ Murray, Joyce, Copenhagen, Climate Change & Canada http://content.liberal.ca/e4766904-82bc-46d1-830c-395c99e1901c/pdf/copenhagen-report-by-joyce-murray-mp-distribution.pdf
  35. ^ http://www.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/ProfileMP.aspx?Key=170450&SubSubject=1003&Language=E
  36. ^ http://www.parl.gc.ca/IIAPublications/Document.aspx?Language=E&Mode=1&sbdid=b1eda728-81be-4870-bfb5-c8b7710fc1f0&sbpid=d11305cc-acac-4e07-b6a7-e97df43163fe&sbpidx=1
  37. ^ O'Neil, Peter (26 November 2012). "B.C. MP joins Liberal leadership race, pushes for end to ‘stone age’ pipeline projects". National Post. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  38. ^ Yaffe, Barbara, op. cit 10 December 2012
  39. ^ Pablo, Carlito. "Straight.com - Vancouver Quadra MP Joyce Murray looks at Liberal leadership run". Straight.com. Straight.com. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  40. ^ O'Neil, Peter. "The Times Colonist - Liberal leadership hopefuls from B.C. could drive pipeline debate off the fence Potential candidates’ opposition to project is at odds with official party position". The Times Colonist. The Times Colonist. Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  41. ^ http://www.therecord.com/news-story/2616510-joyce-murray-joins-liberal-leadership/
  42. ^ "B.C. MP Joyce Murray launches Liberal leadership bid". CTV News. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  43. ^ Delacourt, Susan (17 January 2013). "Liberal leadership debate in Vancouver will give candidate Joyce Murray time to shine". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  44. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (21 January 2013). "Is Quebec over-represented in the Liberal leadership race?". Canada.com. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  45. ^ Smith, Charlie (1 December 2012). "MP Joyce Murray tells constituents why she's seeking federal Liberal leadership". Straight.com. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  46. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (20 January 2013). "Liberal leadership contenders dismiss co-operation with NDP". Canada.com. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  47. ^ http://www.joycemurray.ca/newspages/166-cooperationpoll
  48. ^ http://www.timescolonist.com/news/national/liberal-hopeful-joyce-murray-wins-virtual-endorsement-from-greens-may-1.71947
  49. ^ "MP Joyce Murray says Liberal-Green co-operation could be a 'game changer'". CTV News. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  50. ^ http://www.timescolonist.com/news/online-groups-back-electoral-co-operation-boost-liberal-hopeful-murray-1.74846
  51. ^ http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/quebec-canada/politique-canadienne/201302/15/01-4622234-plc-des-groupes-favorables-a-la-cooperation-sinteressent-a-joyce-murray.php
  52. ^ https://www.facebook.com/FairVoteCanada/posts/10151350844846247
  53. ^ http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2013/03/14/michael-den-tandt-harsh-welcome-awaits-trudeau-led-liberals/
  54. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (13 March 2013). "‘The game is long’: Liberals still in leadership fight for votes after Marc Garneau bows out". National Post. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  55. ^ "Garneau's exit brings Trudeau closer to federal Liberal Party leadership". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 5 April 2013. 
  56. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/03/15/garneaus-campaign-admits-_n_2883208.html
  57. ^ http://www2.macleans.ca/2013/03/23/the-greens-stand-down-in-labrador/
  58. ^ http://joycemurray.ca/newspages/262-release-labrador-by-election
  59. ^ http://commonground.ca/2013/04/democracy-for-a-change/
  60. ^ "Trudeau, Joyce Murray butt heads on strategic voting". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 5 April 2013. 
  61. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2013/03/25/nl-harry-borlase-ndp-greens-325.html |url= missing title (help). 
  62. ^ The Star (Toronto) http://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2013/03/26/liberal_leadership_candidate_joyce_murray_our_numbers_are_higher_than_anyone_elses.html |url= missing title (help). 
  63. ^ http://www.torontosun.com/2013/03/27/anti-harper-campaigners-set-to-influence-liberal-vote
  64. ^ "Federal Liberals opt for interviews over leadership debate". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 February 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  65. ^ The Star (Toronto) http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2013/03/24/money_haul_suggests_fight_for_second_between_murray_and_hall_findlay.html |url= missing title (help). 
  66. ^ http://globalnews.ca/news/437930/follow-the-money-its-trudeau-v-murray/
  67. ^ http://canadianelectionatlas.blogspot.ca/2013/04/liberal-leadership-race-results-map.html
  68. ^ http://www.liberal.ca/mp/joyce-murray/
  69. ^ http://www.ipolitics.ca/2013/08/22/liberals-shake-up-their-shadow-cabinet/
  70. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/ottawa-was-warned-about-arctic-patrol-ships-high-price-1.1859387 |url= missing title (help). 
  71. ^ Kathleen Harris, "Cyclone helicopter contract revisions urged by report", 4 September 2013, CBC News
  72. ^ http://www.simcoe.com/news-story/4074443-electoral-reform-the-focus-of-conference/
  73. ^ http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2013/10/11/garneau-murray-whos-watching-our-spies/
  74. ^ http://www.parl.gc.ca/procedure-book-livre/Document.aspx?Language=E&Mode=1&sbdid=DFC709E5-ED90-48E5-B7EC-02E6D98BF07B&sbpid=78E3CC16-2123-4786-AAC2-BF599BBA99D7
  75. ^ http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2013/10/16/robyn-urback-on-transparency-liberal-mps-could-learn-a-thing-or-two-from-elizabeth-may/
  76. ^ The Huffington Post Canada Nov 27th 2013 http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/joyce-murray/canada-navy-auditor-general_b_4345775.html
  77. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/joyce-murray/national-defence-_b_4480907.html
  78. ^ PWGSC NSPS http://www.tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca/app-acq/sam-mps/snacn-nsps-eng.html
  79. ^ http://vancouverquadra.liberal.ca/blog-fr-en/join-joyce-murray-quadra-supporters-celebrate-joyces-acclamation-liberal-candidate-riding-vancouver-quadra/
  80. ^ Giuseppe Valant "Liberal MP Tables Bill to Tighten Spy Agency's Powers", Sun News 19 June 2014

External links[edit]