Joyful Train

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Joyful Train (ジョイフルトレイン joifuru torein?) is the name given to railway rolling stock or train sets operated by the JR Group in Japan primarily for charters, special events, tourist excursions, and other similar purposes.[1]

History[edit]

The "Joyful Train" concept can be traced back to 1960, when a 1935-vintage SuHaShi 29 dining car was converted into a Japanese-style o-zashiki train with tatami flooring and shoji paper screens on the windows. This could be coupled to regular service trains for use by charter parties. A second car was similarly modified in April 1961. [2]

Joyful Train sets in operation[edit]

JR Hokkaido[edit]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Crystal Express Tomamu & Sahoro クリスタルエクスプレス トマム・サホロ KiHa 183-5100 series 4 Seating December 1989 KiHa 183 series Naebo Initially 3 cars
Niseko Express ニセコエクスプレス KiHa 183-5000 series 3 Seating December 1988 KiHa 183 series Naebo  
North Rainbow Express ノースレインボーエクスプレス KiHa 183-5200 series 5 Seating July 1992 KiHa 183 series Naebo  

JR East[edit]

EMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Hana 485 series 6 Tatami March 1997 485 series Oyama  
Irodori 485 series 6 Seating/compartments December 2006 485 series Nagano  
Kirakira Uetsu きらきらうえつ 485 series 4 Seating November 2001 485 series Niigata  
Nagomi E655 series 5 Seating July 2007 Purpose built Tokyo  
New Nanohana ニューなのはな 485 series 6 Tatami February 1998 485 series Makuhari, Chiba Replaced Nanohana set.
No.Do.Ka NO・DO・KA 485 series 3 Carpet October 2001 183/189 series Niigata Formerly Sylphide. Can be diesel-hauled.
Resort Express Yū リゾートエクスプレスゆう 485 series 6 Tatami March 1991 183/189 series Mito Can be diesel-hauled.
Resort Yamadori リゾートやまどり 485 series 6 Seating 2011 485 series Takasaki Rebuilt from former Seseragi and two cars of former Yamanami.[3]
Toreiyu Tsubasa とれいゆ つばさ E3-700 series 6 Seating (car 11), ozashiki (cars 12 to 14), lounge (car 15), ashiyu foot baths (car 16) 2014 E3 Series Shinkansen Yamagata Rebuilt from E3 series set R18, previously used for Akita Shinkansen Komachi services.
Utage 485 series 4 Tatami June 1994 485 series Oyama  
Zipangu ジパング 485 series 4  ? 1 April 2012 485 series   Rebuilt from former Yamanami end cars and two 485-3000 series intermediate cars.[4]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Furusato ふるさと KiHa 48-2500 3 Seating April 2001 KiHa 48 Sendai Converted from former Manyū set.
Kenji Kenji KiHa 58 series 3 Seating 2002 KiHa 58/28 series Morioka End cars converted from former Salon Express Arcadia set.
Kirakira Michinoku きらきらみちのく KiHa 48 3 Seating July 2002 KiHa 48 Morioka  
Resort Minori リゾートみのり KiHa 48-500 3 Seating October 2008 KiHa 48 Sendai  
Resort Shirakami "Aoike" リゾートしらかみ「青池」 KiHa 48 3 Seating March 1997 KiHa 48 Akita Initially 4 cars. Replaced 50 series Nostalgic View Train.
Resort Shirakami "Buna" リゾートしらかみ「橅」 KiHa 48 4 Seating April 2002 KiHa 48 Akita  
Resort Shirakami "Kumagera" リゾートしらかみ「くまげら」 KiHa 48 4 Seating April 2006 KiHa 48 Akita  
Tohoku Emotion TOHOKU EMOTION KiHa 110-700 series 3 Seating 19 October 2013 KiHa 110 series Morioka KiHa 110-701 + KiHa 111-701 + KiKuShi 112-701
Umineko うみねこ KiHa 48 2 Seating December 2002 KiHa 48 Morioka  
View Coaster Kazekko びゅうコースター風っこ KiHa 48 2 Seating June 2000 KiHa 48 Sendai  

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Banetsu Monogatari ばんえつ物語 12 series 7 Seating 29 April 1999 12 Niigata [1]
SL Ginga SL銀河 KiHa 141 series 4 Seating 12 April 2014[5] KiHa 141 series Iwate

JR West[edit]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Misuzu Shiosai みすゞ潮彩 KiHa 47 2 Seating July 2007 KiHa 47 Yamaguchi  
Setonai Marine View 瀬戸内マリンビュー KiHa 47 2 Seating October 2005 KiHa 47 Hiroshima  

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Asuka あすか 12 series/14 series 7 Tatami/Seating November 1987 12/14 series Miyahara, Osaka  
Salon Car Naniwa サロンカーなにわ 14 series 7 Seating September 1983 14 series Miyahara, Osaka  
SL Yamaguchi SLやまぐち 12 series 5 Seating July 1988 12 series Yamaguchi  

JR Shikoku[edit]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Island Express Shikoku II アイランドエクスプレス四国II KiHa 185 series 2 Seating August 1999 KiHa 185 series Takamatsu KiRo 186 4 + KiRo 186 8
Kaiyodo Hobby Train 海洋堂ホビートレイン KiHa 32 1 Seating July 2011 KiHa 32 Matsuyama KiHa 32 4
Tetsudo Hobby Train 鉄道ホビートレイン KiHa 32 1 Seating March 2014 KiHa 32 Matsuyama KiHa 32 3


JR Kyushu[edit]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Aso Boy あそぼーい! KiHa 183-1000 series 4 Seating June 2011 KiHa 183 series Kumamoto Converted from former Yufu DX.[3]
A-Train A列車で行こう KiHa 185 series 2 Seating October 2011 KiHa 185 series Kumamoto  
Hayato no Kaze はやとの風 KiHa 47/147 series 2 Seating March 2004 KiHa 47 Kagoshima Former KiHa 140 series car converted to become Ibusuki no Tamatebako car in March 2012.[6]
Ibusuki no Tamatebako 指宿のたまて箱 KiHa 47/140 series 3 Seating March 2011 KiHa 47 Kagoshima [7] KiHa 140 series car converted from former Hayato no Kaze car in March 2012.[6]
Umisachi Yamasachi 海幸山幸 KiHa 125-400 2 Seating October 2009 TR 400 Miyazaki Converted from former Takachiho Railway TR 400
Yufuin no Mori ゆふいんの森 KiHa 71 series 4 Seating 1989 KiHa 58/65 series Chikuho  
New Yufuin no Mori 新ゆふいんの森 KiHa 72 series 4 Seating 1999 Purpose built Chikuho  

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Seven Stars in Kyushu ななつ星in九州 77 series 7 Sleeping car October 2013 Purpose built Ōita [8]
SL Hitoyoshi SL人吉 50 series 3 Seating October 1988 50 series Kumamoto Originally named "SL人吉号". Refurbished and repainted in April 2009.

Past Joyful Train sets[edit]

JNR[edit]

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Miyabi みやび  14-800 series 7 Tatami March 1986 28 December 1986 14 series Miyahara, Osaka Withdrawn following fatal accident.

JR Hokkaido[edit]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Furano Express フラノエクスプレス KiHa 80 series 4 Seating December 1986 November 1998 KiHa 80 series Naebo KiHa 84-1 + KiHa 80-501 + KiHa 83-1 + KiHa 84-101
Mountain Lake Onuma マウントレイク大沼 KiHa 80 series 3 Seating July 1999 2002 KiHa 80 series Naebo Converted from former "Tomamu & Sahoro Express".
Tomamu & Sahoro Express トマムサホロエクスプレス KiHa 80 series 5 Seating December 1987 July 1999 KiHa 80 series Naebo Converted to become "Mountain Lake Onuma".

JR East[edit]

EMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Joyful Train Alpha ジョイフルトレイン・アルファ  165 series 3 Seating December 1995 May 2001 165 series Niigata Converted from Shuttle Maihama.
Nanohana なのはな 165 series 6 Tatami March 1986 August 1998 165 series Chiba First EMU-based Joyful Train. Replaced by New Nanohana.
Panorama Express Alps パノラマエクスプレスアルプス 165 series 6 Seating March 1987 September 2001 165 series Mitaka, Tokyo Sold to Fujikyuko in December 2001.
Seseragi せせらぎ 485 series 4 Tatami March 2001 2010 485 series Takasaki Replaced loco-hauled Yasuragi set. Combined with Yamanami and rebuilt as Resort Yamadori.[3]
Shikisai 四季彩  201 series 4 Seating April 2001 July 2009 201 series Hachioji, Tokyo  
Shuttle Maihama シャトルマイハマ  165 series 3 Seating March 1990 December 1995 165 series Chiba Converted to become Joyful Train Alpha.
Sylphide シルフィード 485 series 3 Seating September 1990 2001 485 series Niigata Converted to No.Do.Ka
Yamanami やまなみ 485 series 4 Tatami April 1999 2010 485 series Takasaki Replaced loco-hauled Kutsurogi set. Intermediate cars combined with Seseragi and rebuilt as Resort Yamadori.[3] End cars rebuilt to form Zipangu.[4]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Kogane こがね KiHa 59/29 series 3 Seating July 2003 July 2011 KiHa 58 series Sendai Converted from former Gracia set. Shipped to Philippines August 2011.[9]

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Edo 江戸  12 series 6 Tatami February 1986 March 2003 12 series Shinagawa  
Fureai ふれあい  SuRo 81 series 6 Tatami March 1980 July 1990 SuRo 62 series Mito  
Fureai Ai ふれあい愛  12 series - Tatami - - 12 series Nagano  
Fureai Michinoku ふれあいみちのく  12 series 6 Tatami July 1986 May 2002 12 series Morioka  
Kutsurogi くつろぎ  12 series 6 Tatami June 1983 September 1999 12 series Takasaki  
Nagoyaka なごやか  12 series 6 Tatami March 1981 July 1997 12 series Oku, Tokyo  
Nostalgic View Train ノスタルジックビュートレイン  50 series 2 x 3-car sets Seating 1990 1997 50 series Akita Hauled by dedicated Class DE10 diesel locomotives. Replaced by Resort Shirakami DMU[1]
Orient Saloon オリエントサルーン  12 series 6 Tatami January 1987 November 2000 12 series Fukushima  
Ozashiki Ressha お座敷列車 ("カヌ座")  12 series 7 Tatami July 1981 February 2002 12 series Niigata  
Roman 浪漫  14 series 6 Tatami November 1995 March 2007 14 series Nagano Repainted to gold and wine red in 2000.
Salon Express Tokyo サロンエクスプレス東京  14 series 7 Seating August 1983 January 1997 14 series Shinagawa Converted to become Yutori trainset.
Shirakaba 白樺  12 series 6 Tatami July 1983 November 1995 12 series Nagano  
Super Express Rainbow スーパーエクスプレスレインボー  12/14 series 7 Seating March 1987 March 2000 12/14 series Oku  
Yasuragi やすらぎ  12 series 6 Tatami April 1986 March 2001 12 series Takasaki Sold to Watarase Railway, becoming "Salon de Watarase".
Yutori ゆとり  14 series 6 Tatami May 1997 March 2008 14 series Oku, Tokyo Converted from former Salon Express Tokyo trainset.

JR Central[edit]

EMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Train117 トレイン117 117 series 4 Seating August 2010 21 July 2013 (final run)[10] 117 series Ōgaki KuHa 116-206 + MoHa 116-45 + MoHa 117-45 + KuHa 117-23
Yū Yū Tōkai ゆうゆう東海 165 series 3 Seating July 1989 November 1999 165 series Shizuoka Kumoha 165-701 + MoHa 164-701 + KuHa 165-701

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Resort Liner リゾートライナー KiHa 80 series 3 Seating July 1988 March 1995 KiHa 80 series Nagoya KiRo 82-801 + KiRo 80-791 + KiRo 80-801

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Euroliner ユーロライナー  12-700 series 7 Seating August 1985 April 2005 12 series Nagoya Euroliner liveried locos:
EF64 35/66
EF65 105/106/112
DD51 592/791/1037
Ozashiki Ressha お座敷列車 ("ナコ座")  12 series 6 Tatami March 1983 October 1999 12 series Nagoya  

JR West[edit]

EMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Super Saloon Yumeji スーパーサルーンゆめじ  211 series/213 series 3 Seating 1988 March 2010 Purpose built Okayama KuMoRo 211-1 + MoRo 210-1 + KuRo 212-1001

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Edel Tango エーデル丹後 KiHa 65 series 2 Seating July 1988 March 1996 KiHa 65 series Kyoto KiHa 65 601 + KiHa 65 1601
Operated in conjunction with 183-800 series Kitakinki EMU services between Osaka.
Edel Tottori エーデル鳥取 KiHa 65 series 4 Seating March 1989 October 1999 KiHa 65 series Kyoto  
Edel エーデル KiHa 65 series 4 Seating December 1989 October 2004 KiHa 65 series Kyoto  
YUtopia ゆぅトピア KiHa 65 series 2 Seating/Carpet December 1986 March 1995 KiHa 65 series Kanazawa KiRo 65 1 + KiRo 65 1001
Operated in conjunction with 485 series Raichō EMU services between Kyoto and Osaka.
Resort Saloon Festa リゾートサルーン・フェスタ KiHa 58 series 3 Seating July 1988 November 2001 KiHa 58 series Hiroshima KiRo 59 552 + KiRo 29 553 + KiRo 59 553
VIVA West ビバ・ウエスト KiHa 58 series 2 Seating August 1989 March 1999 KiHa 58 series Yamaguchi KiHa 59 501 + KiHa 29 501
Seychelle セイシェル KiHa 58 series 3 Seating/Carpet October 1989 January 2005 KiHa 58 series/12 series Fukuchiyama KiRo 59 554 + KiSaRo 59 501 + KiRo 59 555
Golden Express Astre ゴールデンエクスプレスアストル KiHa 65/KiHa 58 series 3 Seating March 1988 December 2006 KiHa 65/KiHa 58 series Kanazawa KiRo 65 551 + KiRo 29 552 + KiRo 65 1551
Fureai Pal ふれあいパル KiHa 58 series 2 Carpet April 1986 October 2007 KiHa 58 series Hiroshima KiRo 59 504 + KiRo 29 503
Fureai Sun-in ふれあいSUN-IN KiHa 58 series 3 Tatami April 1986 July 2008 KiHa 58 series Yonago KiRo 59 506 + KiRo 59 505 + KiRo 29 507
Honobono Sun-in ほのぼのSUN-IN KiHa 58 series 2 Tatami November 1987 November 2009 KiHa 58 series Yonago KiRo 59 551 + KiRo 29 551

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Holiday Pal ホリデーパル  20 series/14 series 8 Compartments June 1984 September 1997 20/14 series Hiroshima  
Ozashiki Kyakusha Joyful Train お座敷客車ジョイフルトレイン  12 series 6 Tatami July 1981 1989 12 series Wakayama Withdrawn 1989 and converted to become Ikiiki Salon Kinokuni.
Ikiiki Salon Kinokuni いきいきサロンきのくに  12 series 6 Tatami September 1989 June 2007 12 series Wakayama Converted from former Ozashiki Kyakusha Joyful Train.
Tabiji 旅路  12-800 series 6 Tatami July 1981 30 September 2007 12 series Hiroshima [11]
Wakuwaku Danran わくわく団らん  12 series 6 Tatami July 1982 December 2006 12 series Kanazawa  
Yuu Yuu Salon Okayama ユウユウサロン岡山 12 series 6 Seating November 1985 March 2011 12 series Okayama Originally named "ゆうゆうサロン岡山". Refurbished and repainted in January 1994.

JR Shikoku[edit]

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Island Express Shikoku アイランドエクスプレス四国 50 series 5 Seating March 1987 May 1999 50 series Takamatsu  

JR Kyushu[edit]

DMU[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Aso 1962 あそ1962 KiHa 58 series 2 Seating July 2006 26 December 2010 KiHa 58 series Kumamoto  
Holland Village Express オランダ村特急 KiHa 183-1000 series 4 Seating 20 March 1988 July 1992 Purpose built - Operated in conjunction with 485 series Ariake EMU services between Kokura and Hakata. Converted to become Yufuin no Mori II.
Siebold シーボルト KiHa 183-1000 series 4 Seating March 1999 March 2004 KiHa 183-1000 series - Converted from former Yufuin no Mori II. Converted to become Yufu DX.
Toro-Q TORO-Q KiHa 58 + ToRa 70000 + KiHa 65 5 Seating October 2002 August 2010 KiHa 58 + ToRa 70000 + KiHa 65 - DMU cars repainted and reverted to regular use following withdrawal of train.
Yufu DX ゆふDX KiHa 183-1000 series 4 Seating March 2004 January 2011 KiHa 183 series Oita Formerly Holland Village Express, Yufuin no Mori II, and Siebold.
Withdrawn 10 January 2011 and converted to become Aso Boy.[3][12]
Yufuin no Mori II ゆふいんの森II KiHa 183-1000 series 4 Seating July 1992 March 1999 KiHa 183-1000 series - Converted from former Holland Village Express. Converted to become Siebold.

Loco hauled[edit]

Name Japanese Classification No. of cars Accommodation Introduced Withdrawn Converted from Depot/region Remarks
Panorama Liner Southern Cross パノラマライナーサザンクロス 12 series 6 Seating March 1987 March 1994 12 series Mojiko  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ Ogano, Minoru (2009). ジョイフルトレイン図鑑 [Joyful Train Directory]. Tokyo, Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4-533-07720-3. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "JR東日本 485系改造車"リゾートやまどり"" [JR East converted 485 series "Resort Yamadori"]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (327): p.70. July 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "485系ジョイフルトレイン「ジパング」" [485 series Zipangu Joyful Train]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 52 (614): p.90. June 2012. 
  5. ^ "“SL銀河”が営業運転を開始" ["SL Ginga" enters revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b キハ140 2066が「指宿のたまて箱」仕様になって出場 [KiHa 140 2066 outshopped as Ibusuki no Tamatebako car]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "JR九州 キハ47形改造車 "指宿のたまて箱"" [JR Kyushu converted KiHa 47 Ibusuki no Tamatebako]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (324): p.80–81. April 2011. 
  8. ^ JR九州:豪華列車「ななつ星」 来年10月から運行 [JR Kyushu deluxe train Seven Stars in service from October 2013]. Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "車両のうごき2011-2012" [Rolling Changes 2011-2012]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 52 (615): p.88–89. July 2012. 
  10. ^ "JR東海「Train117」の運用終了" [JR Central "Train117" withdrawn from service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  11. ^ 消えた車輌写真館 [Disappeared Rolling Stock Photo Gallery]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "観光列車「あそ1962」、特急「ゆふDX」さよなら企画について" [Details of "Aso 1962" and "Yufu DX" Sayonara Schedule] (Press release) (in Japanese). JR Kyushu. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 

External links[edit]