|Region or state||Joynagar, West Bengal|
|Creator||Purna Chandra Ghosh and Nitya Gopal Sarkar|
|Serving temperature||Room temperature|
|Main ingredients||Date palm jaggery, puffed rice|
|Cookbook:Joynagarer moa Joynagarer moa|
Joynagarer moa is a seasonal Bengali sweetmeat delicacy prepared from date palm jaggery and puffed rice. This variety of moa originated in Joynagar, West Bengal, India. It is now a popular sweet, being produced in Kolkata and elsewhere, sometimes with cheaper ingredients and chemical flavours.
Joynagarer moa is made with nolen gur (jaggery made from date palm tree extract with exquisite taste and aroma), kanakchur khoi (puffed rice made from a special variety of aromatic rice), gawa ghee (a type of clarified butter made from cow’s milk), elach (cardamom), and posto (poppy seed). Both nolen gur and Kanakchur rice are winter products (available around November to January) and hence Joynagarer moa is available during this period only. The ordinary or common moa is a small crispy ball made of puffed rice (muri rather than khoi) and jaggery. It is produced in homes all over Bengal and is also generally available in grocery shops in small plastic packets, throughout the year.
There are over 150 sweetmeat shops in Joynagar, Bahura and Charan, which produce Joynagarer moa with the original ingredients. Established in 1929, Sri Krishna Mistanna Bhandar is one of the oldest moa shops in Joynagar. The moa manufacturers in Joynagar are attempting to get "geographical indication" status for Joynagarer moa.
The popularity of the dish has led in recent years to sweetmeat makers all over West Bengal, particularly Kolkata, producing large quantities of moa using cheaper ingredients flavoured with chemical aromatics and marketing them as Joynagarer moa. The moa producers of Joynagar allege loss of business. They also claim that the moa made from cheaper ingredients are not genuine, because the moa should be made from date palm jaggery and kanakchur khoi only. Joynagar moa producers allege that the presence or absence of these two ingredients, aside from the necessity of having been prepared in Joynagar, renders the product as genuine or fake.
Date palm jaggery is becoming harder to come by due to the decrease in the number of date palms in West Bengal and the shift of members of the Shiuli community, traditional producers of nolen gur from date palm juice, to other professions. Similarly, kanakchur rice is a local variant which grows only in winter and through traditional fertiliser-free techniques only.
- Chakraborty, Monotosh. "Don't go by flavour, it's not Joynagarer moa". The Times of India, 14 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
- Mukherji, Udit Prasanna. "Joynagar moa may be patented". The Times of India, 15 March 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- "Application for registration of a geographical indication by Joynagar Moa Nirmankari Society". Retrieved 8 December 2014.