Joypur, Purulia (community development block)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Joypur (CD Block)
জয়পুর সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Joypur (CD Block) is located in West Bengal
Joypur (CD Block)
Joypur (CD Block)
Coordinates: 23°26′00″N 86°08′00″E / 23.43333°N 86.13333°E / 23.43333; 86.13333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Purulia
Assembly constituency Joypur
Area
 • Total 89.00 sq mi (230.50 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 111,715
 • Density 1,260/sq mi (485/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 50.11
Website http://purulia.gov.in/
For other uses, see Jaipur (disambiguation).

Joypur (community development block) (also spelled Jaipur) is an administrative division in Purulia Sadar West subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Joypur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Joypur.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[3]

Geography[edit]

Joypur is located at 23°26′00″N 86°08′00″E / 23.433333°N 86.133333°E / 23.433333; 86.133333.

Joypur community development block has an area of 230.50  km2.[2]

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Joypur block/panchayat samiti are: Baragram, Ghagra, Joypur, Mukundapur, Ropo, Sidhi-Jamra and Upar-Kahan.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Joypur block had a total population of 111,715, out of which 58,132 were males and 53,583 were females. Joypur block registered a population growth of 17.97 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Scheduled castes at 19,336 formed around one-fifth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 12,242, forming around one-tenth the population.[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Joypur block had a total literacy of 50.11 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 71.29 per cent female literacy was 26.85 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.[8]

Culture[edit]

Ruins of three identical Bholababa temples are located at Boram, near Jaipur.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Purulia district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  5. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  7. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  9. ^ "The Templenet Encyclopedia - Temples of West Bengal". TempleNet. Retrieved 2008-03-02.