Juárez, Nuevo León
|Ciudad Benito Juárez|
|Motto: El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz (Respect to other's rights, is peace)|
|Founded||June 15, 1604|
|• Mayor||Heriberto Treviño Cantú ( PRI)|
|• City||277.8 km2 (107.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||403 m (1,322 ft)|
|Time zone||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
Ciudad Benito Juárez, or simply Juárez, is the name of a city located in the eastern part of the Monterrey metropolitan area in the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. It is the seat of the municipality of the same name. Ciudad Benito Juárez had a 2005 census population of 78,644 persons  and is the eighth-largest city in Nuevo León. It shares borders with the municipalities of Pesquería to the north; to the south with Santiago; to the east with Cadereyta Jiménez; and to the west with Guadalupe.
Origin of the name
Founded as "Hacienda de San José" or "Hacienda San José de loz González" on June 15, 1604. The Governor of the state of Nuevo León, Martín de Zavala, granted the lands for settlement to Bernabé González Hidalgo on April 1, 1642.
The congress of the state decreed on March 1, 1850 the foundation of a new district with the name "El Rosario", within then "Hacienda de Villa". This new district was part of the municipality of Cadereyta until 1868.
On December 30, 1868, General Jerónimo Treviño, governor of the state of Nuevo León, decreed that the "Villa de Juárez" (Juarez's Village) will be founded and recognized in the same area "El Rosario" occupied. As all of the other present-day municipalities of the state, Juárez was part of the system of villages used in the 19th century. These villages were founded in order to exploit the natural resources of the zone.
Villa de Juárez was granted the title of city in May, 1988 with the name of "Ciudad Benito Juárez".
The city is going under a heavy process of urbanization and construction of houses and residencial complexes, as all of the inner municipalities part of the Monterrey metropolitan area have no more room available. Several malls are planned, such as the "Sun Mall VIP" that would be Nuevo León's biggest commercial center; other have already been inaugurated as the "San Roque" commercial plaza.
The municipality has an extension of 277.8 km² and located at an altitude of 403 meters above the sea level. The territory is mountainous, but with not important elevations, with around 70% of plain or semi-plane lands and 30% of ruged terrain. The lands are crossed by River La Silla, that joins River Santa Catarina in a place called "Las adjuntas". River La Silla joins River San Juan in the municipality of Cadereyta Jiménez.
With a BSH climate, dry and hot. Juárez's annual average temperature is 22° celsius, and its annual rain precipitation is 400 mm. Dominant winds comes from the north.
Ciudad Benito Juárez is a municipality governed by a democratic elected Presidente Municipal (Municipal President or Mayor) for a period of 3 years with no right to reelection. The political environment is one of civility. In the last decades, the PRI has remained in office.
The City Council of Juárez (Cabildo de Juárez) is an organ integrated by the Mayor, the Regidores and the Síndicos. The Mayor is the executor of the determinations of the City Council and the person directly in charge of the public municipal administration. The Regidores represent the community and their mission is to collectively define the city policies in all the subjects affecting it. The Síndicos are in charge of watching and legally defend the city interests, as well as in charge of watching the City Treasury status and the municipal patrimony.
The current Mayor of Juárez is Luis Garcia from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), who was elected in the past municipal election on July 2, 2006 and will remain in office until 2009.
The political parties with representation in the city are the Institutional Revolutionary Party or PRI, the National Action Party or PAN, the Party of the Democratic Revolution or PRD, the Labor Party or PT, the Green Party, Convergence, Social Democratic and Farmer Alternative and Nueva Alianza.
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- "Juárez", Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México