Ju-Jitsu International Federation
|Ju-Jitsu International Federation|
|Also known as||JJIF|
|Date founded||1977 (as EJJF)|
|Arts taught||Modern Ju-Jitsu|
The Ju-Jitsu International Federation (JJIF) is an international sport federation founded in 1998 after the expansion of the European Ju-Jitsu Federation (EJJF) for the propagation of the modern competitive sports version of Jujitsu, also known as Sport Ju-Jitsu.
As a member of the General Association of International Sport Federations (GAISF) and the International World Games Association (IWGA), the JJIF represents Sports Ju-Jitsu worldwide. The JJIF is currently the only Jujutsu/Ju-Jitsu organization recognized by the GAISF and IWGA; Ju-Jitsu under JJIF rules is a part of the World Games and World Combat Games.
The Federation commenced as a coalition of three countries' associations. In 1977, delegates form Germany, Italy and Sweden founded the European Ju-Jitsu Federation (EJJF). As the number of member Nations increased, in and out of Europe, in 1987 the Federation changed its name to International Ju-Jitsu Federation (IJJF) and the original European nucleus of the Federation became the first Continental Union (EJJU) of the IJJF. Following a series of changes of its Statutes and a change to its membership structure, in 1998, the IJJF decided to change its name to the Ju-Jitsu International Federation (JJIF).
In the early 90's the IJJF became a provisional member of the General Association of International Sport Federations (GAISF), member of International World Games Association (IWGA – part of the Olympic Movement together with the IOC) and affiliated to the Sport for All Federation (FISpT). During the 1998 GAISF Congress the JJIF obtained full membership status.
Traditional Jujutsu and Sport Ju-Jitsu
Different schools (ryū) have been teaching traditional Jujutsu in Japan since the 15th century. The JJIF is not a governing body for any of these schools of traditional Japanese jujutsu—the JJIF does not exercise authority over traditional Japanese jujutsu styles, which are often instead headed by leaders who claim leadership from unbroken lineages of transmissions from different Japanese ryū, some of them hundreds of years old.
Rather, the JJIF was founded as an international federation solely for governing Sport Ju-Jitsu, a competitive sport derived from traditional jujutsu.
Rules of Sport Ju-Jitsu
JJIF currently regulates three different types of competitions at the international level: the Duo system', Fighting system and Ne Waza.
The former is a discipline in which a pair of Jutsukas (Ju-Jitsu athlete) from the same team show possible self-defence techniques against a series of 12 attacks, randomly called by the mat referee from the 20 codified attacks to cover the following typologies: grip attack (or strangulation), embrace attack (or necklock), hit attack (punch or kick) and armed attack (stick or knife).
The Duo system has three competition categories: male, female or mixed, and the athletes are judged for their speed, accuracy, control and realism. It is arguably the most spectacular form of Ju-jitsu competition and it requires great technical preparation, synchronicity and elevated athletic qualities.
With a different approach, the Fighting System is articulated in a one-on-one competition between athletes. The system is divided in several categories according to weight and sex
(Male categories: -55 kg, -62 kg, -69 kg, -77 kg, -85 kg, -94 kg, +94 kg; Female categories -48 kg, -55 kg, -62 kg, -70 kg, +70 kg).
The actual competition is divided in three phases (Parts): Part I sees the JuJutsukas involved in distance combat (controlled attacks with arms and legs and atemis of various nature - punches, strikes and kicks). Once a grab has been made the Fight enters Part II and hits are no longer allowed.
The jujutsukas try to bring one another down with various throwing techniques (and points are given according to how "clean" and effective the action was). Also - despite of not very common - submission techniques as controlled strangulations and locks are allowed in part II.
Once down on the tatamis (mats) the match enters its Part III. Here points are given for immobilisation techniques, controlled strangulations or levers on body joints that bring the opponent to yield.
The winner is the Jutsuka who has accumulated most points during the fight. Automatic victory is assigned to the Jutsuka who gets an "Ippon" (clean action, full points) in all three Parts. This type of competition requires timing, agility, strength and endurance.
The ne-waza-system is the newest of the official competition-systems and is similar to BJJ. The ne-waza-fight starts in standing position and the competitors try to gain points with several throwing-, take-down-, imobilisation techniques, sweeps (changing from lower to upper position starting with a guard) or to win the fight ultimativly with submission-techniques. If no competitor ended the fight with a submission technique the referee announces the competitor with the most points as winner.
The ne-waza-system is parted by age (cadets - under 17, juniors under 20 and seniors) as well as belt ranks (only green to black belt are allowed to participate in international opens), sex and weight.
|Cadets (U17)||male||-55 kg||-60 kg||-66 kg||-73 kg||-81 kg||-90 kg||+90 kg|
|female||-44 kg||-48 kg||-52 kg||-57 kg||-63 kg||-70 kg||+70 kg|
|-48 kg||-52 kg||-57 kg||-63 kg||-70 kg||-78 kg||+78 kg|
|male||-60 kg||-66 kg||-73 kg||-81 kg||-90 kg||-100 kg||+100 kg|
The contest duration is 4 minutes for Cadets, 6 minutes for juniors and seniors (<=35 years) and 5 minutes for competitors from 36 years onwards.
Sport Ju-Jitsu and the Olympic Movement
The JJIF is already a member of GAISF and IWGA, and both organizations are in close cooperation with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The organisation is striving to establish Sports Ju-Jitsu as an Olympic event in the future.
- Korea Jujitsu Belt Wrestling Federation website
- What is Ju-jitsu, JJIF website][dead link]
- The official rules can be found at the JJIF-Referees website.
- Traditional Ju-Jitsu shines bright as gold at the Sixth World Games, Grappling Magazine, March 2002