|6th Governor of Northern Mariana Islands|
January 14, 2002 – January 9, 2006
|Preceded by||Pedro Tenorio|
|Succeeded by||Benigno Fitial|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from the Northern Mariana Islands's At-large district
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Froilan Tenorio|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Tenorio|
|Born||Juan Nekai Babauta
September 7, 1953
Tanapag, Northern Mariana Islands, U.S.
|Alma mater||Eastern New Mexico University
University of Cincinnati
Juan Nekai Babauta (born September 7, 1953) is a Northern Mariana Islander politician. Babauta served as the sixth elected Governor of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands for one term from January 14, 2002 to January 9, 2006.
Early life and education
Juan Babauta was born in Tanapag, Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands on September 7, 1953. He is the oldest of his family's nine children. Babauta completed elementary school on Saipan. His parents then sent him to the mainland United States to continue his education. Babuata moved to Enosburg Falls, Vermont where he attended Enosburg Falls High School while living on a dairy farm with a host family for three years. Babauta, who was student body president during his senior year and a member of the National Honors Society, graduated from Enosburg in 1972.
Babauta attended a summer session at Johnson State College of Vermont in 1976. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in American history and political science from Eastern New Mexico University in 1976 and a Master of Arts in political science from ENMU that same year. In 1979, Babauta completed a Master of Science degree in health planning and administration from the University of Cincinnati.
Babauta's interest in health planning began when he worked as a health planner for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands from April to August 1977, based on Saipan. He became the executive director for the Commonwealth Health Planning and Development Agency in May 1979 after completing his master's degree at the University of Cincinnati. He remained executive director until January 1986.
Babauta was elected to the Northern Mariana Islands Senate in November 1985 representing the 3rd Senatorial District, which encompassed Saipan and the Northern Islands Municipality. He took office in January 1986 and served for one, four-year term in the Fifth and Sixth Northern Marianas Commonwealth Legislatures. He served as the Senate floor leader from January 1986 to January 1988 and the chairman of the Fiscal Affairs committee from January 1986 until August 1987. Babauta also chaired the Committee on Health, Education and Welfare from January 1986 and January 1990 and the Committee on Rules and Procedure from January 1988 until he left office in January 1990. Babauta introduced The Education Act of 1988 as a Senator.
In November 1989, Babauta was elected as the third Resident Representative of the Northern Mariana Islands in Washington D.C.. He took office in January 1990, succeeding Froilan Tenorio. He served as Resident Representative for three, four-year terms from January 1990 until leaving office to January 2001 to become Governor.
Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
In November 2001, Babauta was elected Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands in the four-way gubernatorial election as a Republican. Babauta and his running mate, Diego Benavente, won the election with 5,512 votes, the largest number of votes ever received by a gubernatorial candidate in the Northern Mariana Islands at the time. He defeated Covenant Party candidate Benigno Fitial, independent Heinz Hofschneider and former Governor and now defunct Reform Party candidate Froilan Tenorio respectively. Babauta and Benavente were sworn into office on January 14, 2002.
Babauta was defeated for re-election in the 2005 gubernatorial election. Babauta and Benavente came in third place in the gubernatorial election, behind Covenant Party candidate Benigno Fitial and independent Heinz Hofscheider, in an election that marked the worst defeat for the Republican Party in its history.  Benigno Fitial was elected Governor over independent Heinz Hofschneider by just 99 votes after fifteen days tallying absentee ballots, the closest gubernatorial election in Northern Mariana Islands history at the time. Fitial won with 3809 votes (28.07%) while independent Hofschneider came in a close second with 3,710 votes (27.33%). Babauta placed a disappointing third place with 3,610 votes, or 26.66%. Froilan Tenorio came in fourth with 2442 votes (17.99%). In a concession speech at his home, Babauta told supporters, "Nobody's to blame but me." Babauta left office on January 9, 2006.
Four years later, Babauta unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination in the 2009 gubernatorial election with running mate, Galvin S. Deleon Guerrero, a principal at Mount Carmel School principal. Babauta was defeated in the Republican primary election on June 27, 2009, by Heinz Hofschneider. Hofschneider received 3,382 votes in the primary election, while Babauta garnered 2,986 votes. Babauta reiterated a unity pledge with Hofschneider after the primary and endorsed Hofschneider in his bid for the governorship.
Babauta also worked as the publisher of Homeland Magazine from 2007 until 2009.
In April 2010, Babauta declared his candidacy for Northern Mariana Islands' Delegate to the United States House of Representatives as a Republican against incumbent Rep. Gregorio Kilili Sablan. Babauta faced Sablan, as well as Democrat Jesus Borja and Covenant candidate Joseph Camacho in the 2010 United States House of Representatives election in the Northern Mariana Islands on November 2, 2010. Sablan won re-election to a second term, while Babauta placed third in the race.
In 2014, Babuata decided to run for governor against incumbent Republican Eloy Inos as an independent. He cited the refusal of the Republican party to hold a primary as his reasoning, along with the introduction of casino gambling. His running mate is former Senator Juan Torres.
- "Northern Mariana Islands Governor Juan N. Babauta". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Hernandez, Criselda B. (2005). "Politics: 4-Way Gubernatorial Election Heats Up". Islands Business. Archived from the original on October 11, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- "Absentee Ballots Decide Who Is Governor, Winner has only a 99-vote lead". Islands Business. November 21, 2005. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Erediano, Emmanuel T. (January 30, 2009). "Deleon Guerrero will be Babauta’s running mate". Marianas Variety News & Views. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Erediano, Emmanuel T. (June 28, 2010). "Hofschneider is GOP nominee; Babauta reiterates unity pledge .". Marianas Variety News & Views. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Deposa, Moneth (April 29, 2010). "It's official: Babauta is GOP's bet for delegate". Saipan Tribune. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Eugenio, Haidee (April 8, 2014). "Independent bid for Babauta, Torres". Saipan Tribune. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from the Northern Mariana Islands' At-large congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Governor of Northern Mariana Islands
|Governor of Northern Mariana Islands