Juan Bautista Cabanilles

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Juan Bautista José Cabanilles (also Juan Bautista Josep, Valencian: Joan) (6 September 1644 in Algemesí near Valencia – 29 April 1712 in Valencia) was a Spanish organist and composer at Valencia Cathedral. He is considered by many to have been the greatest Spanish Baroque composer, and has been[by whom?] called the Spanish Bach.

Biography[edit]

He probably began his musical career as a singer in a choir of a local church. Later he studied to become a priest in the cathedral at Valencia, which included lessons in music. On 15 May 1665, at 20 years of age, he was named the assistant organist of the cathedral. A year later, upon the death of his predecessor, he became the principal organist. On 22 September 1668 he was ordained as a priest. He kept his position as principal organist for 45 years, but from 1703 on his health often necessitated that a substitute be found. From 1675 to 1677 he also took charge of teaching the children in the cathedral choir. No portrait or likeness of Cabanilles is known to exist; the portrait accompanying certain Facebook pages and other internet articles is of the botanist Antonio José Cavanilles (1745-1804).

Works[edit]

Many of Cabanilles's compositions are virtuosic and advanced for their time, but generally, he is in the Spanish tradition of keyboard music following 16th century patterns. The majority of his manuscripts are kept in the Biblioteca de Catalunya in Barcelona. Numerous compositions for organ (tientos, toccatas, passacaglias, and other works) have survived, as well as a number of works for choirs of up to 13 parts.

Manuscrits Sources[edit]

1- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 729 [antiga cota 890] 199 folios and 432 pages respectively. It has 152 works. It has 14 works from Pablo Bruna. These are the main sources, along with El Escorial LP 30 of compositions by Pablo Bruna.

2- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 751.21 [antigo 889]: It has 39 peças. It has 5 compositions from Pablo Bruna and one de Jusepe Ximénez.

3- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 386 [antiga cota 887], [Available on-line] 360 pages; the manuscript, dated 1722, contains 98 compositions by Cabanilles, the copy made by a fervent admirer.

4- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 387 [antiga cota 888] 424 folios; dating from 1694-7, the manuscript consists of 500 entirely by Cabanilles. It has 11 versos de Jusepe Ximénez.

5- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 1328: Tiento de todas manos de J. Cabanilles; Tonada de 5º Tono: Tiento Lheno de J. Cabanilles.

6- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 450: It has 20 works. One work from Aguilera de Heredia. It has 4 works of J. Cabanilles.

7- Barcelona E-Bc Ms. 1011: It has 330 works. 3 works from fray Pablo Nassarre. Tiento de Clarines de 7º Tono de J. Cabanilles.

8- Archivo de la Catedral de Astorga (vide: Alvarez; 1970) Ms. with 55 peças: Francisco Andreu, Cabanilles, Juan Saló, Rafael Llistosellas, Fray Rafael Crest, Isidro Serrada, Nassarre, Pablo Rouxa, Sebastián Viladrosa, Francisco Llusá, J. Elias.

9- Biblioteca privada de moss. Cosme Bauzá, de Felanitx (Mallorca) Ms. núm. 2 with 2 versos from Pablo Bruna.

10- Monserrat, Arquivo musical, Ms. 76: Tiento 6º tono partido de mano derecha.

Selected Scores editions[edit]

1 A- Musici Organici Iohannis Cabanilles, 4 vols., ed. Hyginii Anglés, Barcelona: Biblioteca de Catalunya, 1927-1956.

Cabanilles Opera Omnia (1927-2008).

Volume 1 (1927): Tientos in various modes.

Volume 2 (1933): Passacalles, Paseos, several Tocatas, Xácara, misc. Pieces.

Volume 3 (1936): Various genres.

Volume 4 (1956): Various genres.

1 B- The following additional 5 volumes were edited by José Clíment, Barcelona: Biblioteca de Catalunya.

Volume 5 (1986): Tientos 71-90; Versos for Magnificat, Pange lingua.

Volume 6 (1989): Tientos 91-110 and miscellaneous Versos.

Volume 7 (1992): Tientos 111-130; Versos for the Mass, for Marian festivals and for miscellaneous occasions.

Volume 8 (2006): Tientos: 131-150; Duo de 1º Tom, Sacris Solemniis.

Volume 9 (2008): Tientos: 151-168; Versos.

2- Música de Tecla Valenciana. J. Bta. Cabanilles, 4 vols., ed. Julián Sagasta Galdós, Valencia: Edicions Alfons el Magnánim, 1986-1994.

3- CEKM, vol. 48-1: Keyboard Music from the Felanitx Manuscripts, I, ed. Nelson Lee, 1999. Nearly all of the 162 pieces are by Cabanilles.

Selected recordings[edit]

  • [1] Joan Bautista Cabanilles : Batalles, Tientos & Passacalles - Jordi Savall, Hesperion XX - Alia Vox 9801
  • [2] La Gloria Musical del Barroco Valenciano, 2 CDs. Fundación La Luz de las Imágenes (2010).
  • Jan Willem Jansen, Los Músicos de Su Alteza: Tientos y Passacalles: Juan Cabanilles (Éditions Hortus, HORT013, ASIN: B00004VHOX).

Media[edit]

Notice the gradual entry of the voices — alto, tenor, bass and soprano — each using the same theme, a form which pre-empts the later fugue form, the ensemble being treated like a quartet.


La Gloria Musical del Barroco Valenciano

Problems playing these files? See media help.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Arsenio Garcia-Ferreras: Juan Baptista Cabanilles: sein Leben und Werk (Die Tientos für Orgel) (Dissertation). Bosse, Regensburg 1973, ISBN 3-7649-2086-6.
  • M. Roubinet, "Juan Cabanilles", in: Gilles Cantagrel (dir.), Guide de la musique d’orgue, Éditions Fayard 1991, ISBN 2-213-02772-2

External links[edit]