Juan Cortada y Quintana

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Juan Cortada y Quintana
Mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico
In office
1873–1874
Preceded by Alejandro Albizu
Succeeded by Rafael León y García
Personal details
Born ca. 1820
Died August 22, 1889
Nationality Puerto Rican
Spouse(s) Mercedes Tirado (died 1871)
Vicenta Albizu
Providencia Martorell[1]
Children With Mercedes Tirado:
Juan (born 1864)
Eduardo
With Vicenta Albizu:
Vicente
José Antonio
With Providencia Martorell:
Joaquín
Dora Providencia[2]
Residence Puerto Rico
Occupation Plantation farmer

Juan Cortada y Quintana (born ca. 1820 - died 1889) was a Puerto Rican politician, businessman, and landowner. He served as Mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico from 1873 to 1874.

Hacendado[edit]

Cortada and his brother Ramón, were hacendados, landowners who owned several sugar cane haciendas like Hacienda Descalabrado (then known as Central Cortada), Las Mercedes, La Palmarito, and La Mallorquina, among others. They were located in the region between Ponce and Santa Isabel.[3]

The workers in such estates were almost always slaves. Thus it is likely that Cortada owned slaves in working his sugar cane farm.[4] Some sources confirm that Cortada in fact owned 28 slaves in 1872, one year before the abolition of slavery in Puerto Rico.[5]

Since 1868, Cortada's estate had irrigation problems, which led Cortada to ask for permits to use the waters of Río Descalabrado river to irrigate his land. After some financial troubles, and with the death of his first wife, Cortada ceded the ownership of the Hacienda Descalabrado to his two young sons, Juan and Eduardo. However, this change wasn't registered. Cortada also had debts for the mortgage of the land where Hacienda Palmarito was established. In 1874, he had to sell Hacienda Descalabrado, but he recovered it in 1884.[6]

Lender[edit]

Cortada, together with his brother Ramón, was also in the money-lending business, lending capital to 11 other hacendados in the area. By 1870 Cortada owned five haciendas in the municipality of Ponce.[7]

Mayoral term[edit]

Cortada served as Mayor of Ponce from 1873 to 1874.[8] This was the time when the Republica Española (Spanish Republic) was declared (February 11, 1873) and also the time when slavery was abolished in Puerto Rico (March 22, 1873). Cortada's municipal assembly consisted of: Rafael Pujals, Federico Capo, Jose Antonio Renta, Celedonio Besosa, Olimpio Otero, Lazaro Martinez, Marcos Fugurull (padre/father), Juan Jose Mayoral, Guillermo Oppenheimer, and Gustavo Cabrera.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Juan Cortada y Quintana married three times. His first marriage was to Mercedes Tirado, with whom he procreated two sons: Juan (born 1864) and Eduardo. Mercedes died in 1871. Cortada's second marriage was to Vicenta Albizu, with whom he had two more children: Vicente and José Antonio. His third marriage was with Providencia Martorell. They had a son and a daughter: Joaquín and Dora Providencia.[10] Cortada y Quintana died on August 22, 1889.[11]

Legacy[edit]

There is a street in a Ponce neighborhood, Urbanización Las Delicias, of Barrio Magueyes named after him.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  2. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  3. ^ Central Cortada: El fin de la producción azucarera. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  4. ^ Terratenientes Extranjeros. Melvin Rivera Velazaquez. SantaIsabelPR. 27 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  5. ^ Propietarios de esclavos en los barrios rurales de Ponce. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  6. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  7. ^ Terratenientes Extranjeros. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  8. ^ Alcaldes de Ponce. Government of the Autonomous Minicipality of Ponce. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  9. ^ El libro de Puerto Rico: Capitulo XIX: Ciudades Principales: Ponce: Breve Sipnosis Historica, by Juan Braschi. E. Fernandez Garcia, editor. Francis W. Hoadley & Eugenio Astol, co-editors. San Juan, Puerto Rico: El Libro Azul Publishing Company. 1923. Page 1063. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  10. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  11. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Alejandro Albizu
Mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico
1873–1874
Succeeded by
Rafael León y García