Juan Nepomuceno Guerra

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Juan Nepomuceno Guerra
Nepomuceno Guerra pictured on far left
Born (1915-07-18)July 18, 1915
Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Died July 12, 2001(2001-07-12) (aged 85)
Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Cause of death
Respiratory disease[1]
Other names Don Juan; El Padrino; El Padrino de Matamoros[2]
Occupation Gulf Cartel leader and founder
Successor Juan García Abrego (his nephew)

Juan Nepomuceno Guerra (July 18, 1915 – July 12, 2001) was a Mexican drug lord and smuggler who co-founded the Gulf Cartel with his nephew Juan García Ábrego. He is often considered the "godfather" of U.S-Mexico border cartels.[1]

During the 1930s he began smuggling whisky across the Mexico-United States border through south Texas. Through shrewd political connections he had fostered, Nepomucena Guerra was able to control all the contraband moving across the Rio Grande. [1] In the 1970s, his nephew Juan García Abrego began utilizing those connections and developed the organization into a drug cartel primarily dedicated to the more lucrative business of smuggling cocaine.[3]

According to news sources, despite allegedly founding one of the largest drug cartels in Mexico, Juan Nepomuceno Guerra never spent more than "a few hours in jail" for his crimes.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b (Spanish) Peralta González, César (12 July 2001). "Falleció el fundador del cártel del Golfo". El Universal. Archived from the original on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Figueroa, Yolanda (1996). El Capo del Golfo: vida y captura de Juan García Ábrego. Grijalbo. p. 324. ISBN 970-05-0666-5. 
  3. ^ Castillo García, Gustavo (15 March 2003). "La historia del cártel del Golfo". La Jornada (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Dillon, Sam (9 February 1996). "Matamoros Journal; Canaries Sing in Mexico, but Uncle Juan Will Not". New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.