Juan Rodríguez de la Cámara
Born in Padrón, he was born to a hidalgo family. He may have served as a page to Juan II of Castile, and may have attended the Council of Florence in 1434 as secretary to the cardinal Juan de Cervantes, a respected jurist and a friend of Pero Tafur.
He was exiled for reasons not completely known, but may have been connected with an illicit romance at court; Rodríguez's indiscreet revelations to a talkative friend apparently led to a romantic breach of some kind with a noble lady. James Fitzmaurice-Kelly writes that "the conjectures that make Rodríguez the lover of Juan II's wife, Isabel, or of Enrique IV's wife, Juana, are destroyed by chronology. None the less it is certain that the writer was concerned in some mysterious, dangerous love-affair which led to his exile, and some believe, to his profession as a Franciscan monk.” He became a Franciscan at Jerusalem in 1441 and gave up many of his profitable and numerous benefices. He returned to Spain and entered into the Franciscan monastery of San Antonio de Herbón, situated in a village near Padrón. He died at San Antonio de Herbón. A probably apocryphal tale of Rodríguez's life, by an anonymous writer of the 16th century, states that the poet went to France, became the lover of the French queen, and was killed near Calais after trying to escape to England.
|"Muy triste será mi vida / los días que non vos viere; / y mi persona vencida / del dolor de la partida, / morirá quando muriere."|
|— Canción XII|
His works include a sentimental, semi-chivalresque romance called Siervo libre de amor (1439), the moralistic treatise Cadira de Honor (1440), and another sentimental romance called Triunfo de las donas (1445), the latter of which includes 40 feminist arguments meant to counter the misogyny of the work known as the Corbacho, by Alfonso Martinez de Toledo. Rodríguez's work presents arguments for the superiority of women to men.
Rodríguez is best known, however, for his poems. He is represented in the Cancionero de Baena by a single cántica. Of the seventeen of his surviving songs, sixteen are erotically-themed, like those written by his countryman Macías. One, however, the “Flama del divino Rayo,” concerns his spiritual conversion.
Notable Family Members
- Alfonso Ruiz de la Cámara "Alfonso Ruiz de la Cámara". Retrieved 2013., who was a Spanish nobleman, was knighted Caballero de Espuelas Doradas  the 15 of August of 1487 by king Ferdinand II of Aragón, king of Castile. King of Naples and king of Navarre.Then he was given a record of nobility, confirmation of Caballero de Espuelas Doradas, and a letter of privileges by the Queen Joanna of Castile (Juana la Loca) the 23 de April of 1506
- Gómez Ruiz de la Cámara The King Henry III of Castile (El Doliente ) in the year of 1393 gave the title knight of the Chamber to Gomez Ruiz, who was later known as Gomez Ruiz de la Cámara. Then the king Henry III of Castile married him to an English Lady, who was lady in waiting of the Queen Catherine of Lancaster (Doña Catalina) daughter of the John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (Alencastre).
- Gómez Fernández de la Cámara He was given by Royal Decree,the titles of Secretary and Royal Scribe and Royal notary of the Court by the King John II of Castile the 9 of March 1453.
- Juan de la Cámara (1525-1602) Spanish Conquistador and hidalgo was born in Alcala de Henares Spain in 1525. He arrived in New Spain current day Mexico from Spain in 1539,he join the Spanish Conquest of Yucatán in 1541, and he was one of the founders of Mérida Yucatán.
- Gonzalo de la Cámara In the year 1227 in the city of BaezaSpain King Ferdinand III of Castile (Fernando Tercero de Castilla el Santo) by Royal Decree, order that the Coat of Arms of the knights who where with him in in the battle, were display in the city, one of the Coat of Arms that was display belong to Don Gonzalo de la Cámara,
- James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, A History of Spanish Literature (D. Appleton and Company, 1898), 97.
- Biografia de Juan Rodríguez de la Cámara
- Juan Rodriguez del Padron
- James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, Chapters on Spanish Literature (A. Constable and Company, ltd., 1908), 74.
- Páxina de S. de Currinho - Convento de Herbón
- Poesías - Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
- Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex by Henricus Cornelius Agrippa, 1529
- Biografia de Juan Rodríguez de la Cámara
- Archivo General de Indies- Mexico 971-Pag. 381-Anexo G-1.
- Book of Lorenzo Suárez de Mendoza, 4th conde de la Coruña and 5th Viceroy of the New Spain -October 20, 1581-Mexico
- Obras Ed. Antonio Paz y Meliá. Madrid, 1884.
- Obras, ed. de César Hernández Alonso. Madrid: Ed. Nacional, 1982.
- Siervo libre de amor; edición introducción y notas de Antonio Prieto. Madrid: Castalia, 1976.
- Vicente Beltrán Pepió, "Los Gozos de amor de Juan Rodríguez del Padrón: edición crítica" en Studia in honoren Germán Orduna, 2001.
- (Spanish) Edición el línea del Siervo libre de Amor
- (Spanish) Obras del autor en la Biblioteca Virtual Cervantes
- (Spanish) Portal consagrado a Juan Rodríguez del Padrón