Juan Santamaría International Airport
|Juan Santamaría International Airport (SJO)|
|IATA: SJO – ICAO: MROC|
|Owner||Government of Costa Rica|
|Operator||Aeris Holdings Costa Rica under ADC & HAS and Andrade Gutiérrez Concesores|
|Serves||San José, Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago|
|Elevation AMSL||921 m / 3,022 ft|
|Source: Costa Rican AIP|
Juan Santamaría International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Juan Santamaría) (IATA: SJO, ICAO: MROC) is the primary airport serving San José, the capital of Costa Rica. The airport is located near the city of Alajuela, 20 km (12 miles) west of downtown San José. It is named after Costa Rica's national hero, Juan Santamaría, a courageous drummer boy who died in 1856 defending his country against forces led by US-American filibuster William Walker.
The airport is a hub for Avianca TACA (TACA/Lacsa and the domestic Sansa Airlines), and focus city airport for Copa Airlines. It was the country's only international gateway for many years, but nowadays there is also an international airport in Liberia, Guanacaste. Both airports have direct flights to North and Central America and Europe, with the difference that Juan Santamaría International Airport also serves cities in South America and the Caribbean. According to the Ministry of Transportation, the airport will end all major operations in 2025 to become a secondary airport; its substitute will be the new airport in Orotina.
The airport's main runway allows for operations of large, widebody aircraft. Currently, some scheduled flights are operated with Airbus A330 and A340, and Boeing 747 and 767, for both passengers and freight. A Concorde landed in 1999 for that year's airshow. The airport has also a small hangar (called the "NASA" hangar) where research aircraft are kept that operate in Costa Rica including the Martin B-57 Canberra high altitude aircraft.
Juan Santamaría International Airport was once the busiest airport in Central America, but currently it is ranked second after Tocumen International Airport in Panamá. In 2010, Juan Santamaría International Airport received 4.3 million passengers, most of them from international flights. In 2011, the airport was named the 3rd Best Airport in Latin America - Caribbean from the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International
Only passengers that show a ticket are allowed to enter the terminal.
The airport was built to replace the previous one in downtown San Jose where Parque La Sabana is located today. Funding was secured by the government in 1951  and construction proceed slowly until it was officially inaugurated on May 2, 1958. It was initially called "Aeropuerto Internacional el Coco" after its location of the same name in the province of Alajuela. It would later be renamed in honor of Juan Santamaría. In 1961 funding was secured to build the highway that connects the airport to downtown San José.
No major changes were made to the terminal until November 1997 when the government issued a decree requesting participation of private companies to manage the operations of the airport. After a few years of legal challenges and contract negotiations Alterra Partners was given a 20 year concession and started managing the facilities in May 2001. It was also expected that the company would finish the necessary expansion and construction of new facilities, however in March 2002 Alterra announced it would cease any further construction due to disagreements over financing and airport use fee billing with the government. The dispute was extended for a few years and problems started at the terminal; in 2005 the International Civil Aviation Organization pointed out that the airport did not comply with safety regulations.
In July 2009 Alterra yielded the contract to a consortium composed of Houston-based Canadian-American company ADC & HAS and the Brazilian company, Andrade Gutierrez Concessoes (AGC) - subsidiary of the conglomerate Andrade Gutierrez. In December 2009 Alterra Partners changed its name to AERIS Holdings, S.A. In November 2010 Aeris announced it had finished the expansion and construction of new facilities with the installation of the 9th boarding bridge.
Passenger, aircraft and cargo traffic results 
Juan Santamaria International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Costa Rica, having experienced a constant increase in traffic since its opening in 1958, boosted by the growing flow of tourists. The airport reached the million passenger for the first time in 1991, and it has been serving more than four million passengers yearly since 2007. On the other hand, domestic passenger have been relatively steady since the beginning, on an average of 200,000 passengers per year and reaching a peak of 330,000 in 1975.
Infrastructure and operations 
The airport has 17 gates, nine of them with jet bridges. It is capable of housing 17 commercial airplanes at the same time. There are three waiting rooms built on the first floor of the airport, next to the VIP room, for regional and domestic flights.
A business/VIP lounge is located in the lower level of the main terminal, near Gate 4A. VIP Lounge Costa Rica is for business/first class passengers of selected airlines, travel companies, banks, Priority Pass program members, or any passenger who pays a fee. A diplomatic receptions room is situated in the main terminal and only open to diplomatic visitors.
The Costa Rican government charges a $29 USD departure fee, which can be paid in cash (dollars or colones) or by credit card. The fee can be paid at the airport or in advance at most hotels and banks.
Ground transportation 
There is a bus stop outside the airport for the Alajuela - San José and Alajuela - Heredia route in both directions. Buses from other routes also stop there, however, visiting tourists not staying in the immediate downtown San José area are recommended[by whom?] not to attempt to figure out the bus system without fluent Spanish. It is better to arrange private meet and greet and transfer service which is easily done through a variety of transportation companies that service all areas of Costa Rica. The cost of a nice comfortable private van is usually the same as a regular taxi.
Licensed taxis are available in the airport and will generally accept both colones and U.S. dollars, but not other currencies. Licensed taxis are red with yellow triangles on the doors, additionally there is an airport taxi service that is licensed and employs orange taxis.
 You can hire your own private transportation directly from the Airport Exit!
Terminals, airlines and destinations 
Main Terminal [M] 
The major operator in the airport is TACA/Lacsa, followed by Copa Airlines. The following airlines have scheduled direct services to and/or from Juan Santamaría International Airport (as of September 2010):
Sansa Terminal [S] 
All domestic flights depart from the Sansa Terminal.
Charter airlines 
|TACA operated by Lacsa||Cancún, San Andres Island, San Juan|
Cargo airlines 
- ABX Air
- Air Transport International
- DHL / DHL Aero Expreso
- Euro Atlantic Cargo
- Florida West International Airways
- LAN Chile Cargo
- Líneas Aéreas Suramericanas
- Martinair Cargo
- Southern Air
- Tampa Cargo
- UPS
Accidents and incidents 
- On January 16, 1990, SANSA Flight 32 crashed into the Cerro Cedral, a mountain shortly after take off from Juan Santamaria International Airport. All 20 passengers and 3 crew on board died in the crash.
- AIP - Part 3 Aerodromes
- Delgado, Edgar (1999-01-28). "Concorde impuso récord". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Ponchner, Debbie (2005-07-02). "Hoy despega de suelo tico la misión TCSP de la NASA". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Ponchner, Debbie (2007-05-05). "NASA realizará gran misión científica desde suelo tico". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Latin America - Caribbean" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13
- Calvo, Rodrigo (2011-03-27). "Los mil rostros de La Sabana". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- "En primber debate fueron aprobados el Arancel de Aduanas y la Ley de Pagos Internacionales". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica). 1951-11-26.
- Rojas, Ronny (2008-07-09). "El Santamaría incumple normas de seguridad". Al Dia (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- "Hace 50 años, Sábado 11 de marzo de 1961". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica). 2011-03-11.
- Feigenblatt, Hazel (2001-05-05). "Aeropuerto a manos privadas hoy". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Loaiza, Vanessa (2002-03-15). "Suspenden obras en aeropuerto". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Loaiza, Vanessa (2009-12-04). "BID presta $45 millones para ampliar Juan Santamaría". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Loaiza, Vanessa (2010-11-10). "Concluye modernización de aeropuerto Santamaría". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Barquero, Marvin (2011-11-01). "Salir del país le costará $2 más". La Nacion (in Spanish) (Costa Rica).
- Bus schedule horariodebuses.com.
-  Transportationincostarica.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Juan Santamaria International Airport|
- Official website (Spanish)
- Dirección General de Aviación Civil de Costa Rica Costa Rican Aviation Authority
- Sansa Costa Rica Sansa Costa Rica