Spanish ship Juan Sebastián Elcano (1927)
Elcano in Pensacola, 2009
|Name:||Juan Sebastian Elcano|
|Namesake:||Juan Sebastián Elcano|
|Length:||113 m (371 ft)|
|Beam:||13.11 m (43 ft)|
|Height:||48.5 m (159 ft)|
|Draft:||7 m (23 ft)|
|Sail plan:||four-masted barquentine; 21 sails, total sail area of 2,870 m² (30,892 sq. ft.)|
|Speed:||max 13 knots engine, 17.5 knots sail|
|Complement:||300 sailors, 90 midshipmen|
|Armament:||2 × 57 mm ceremonial gun mounts|
Juan Sebastián de Elcano is a training ship for the Royal Spanish Navy. She is a four-masted topsail, steel-hulled schooner. At 113 metres (370 feet) long, she is the third-largest Tall Ship in the world.
She is named after Spanish explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano, captain of Ferdinand Magellan's last exploratory fleet and the man to lead the first circumnavigation of the world. The ship also carries the de Elcano coat of arms, which was granted to the family by Emperor Charles I following Elcano's return in 1522 from Magellan's global expedition. The coat of arms is a terraqueous globe with the motto "Primus Circumdedisti Me" (meaning: "First to circumnavigate me").
Juan Sebastián de Elcano was built in 1927 in Cadiz, Spain, and her hull was designed by the Spanish naval architect and engineer Juan Antonio Aldecoa y Arias in the Echevarrieta y Larrinaga shipyard in Cadiz. After the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in April 1931 it became part of the Spanish Republican Navy.
In 1933 under Commander Salvador Moreno Fernández's order a series of improvements were made to the ship and the bronze plate with the Latin language inscription Tu Primus Circundedisti Me was placed near the prow. At the time of the coup of July 1936 it was at Ferrol, a harbor that had been taken by the Nationalist faction. Her plans were used twenty-five years later to construct her Chilean sail training vessel sister ship Esmeralda in 1952-1954.
- Fernando Villaamil, and his circumnavigation in 1892-1894 commanding the Nautilus training ship.
- Spanish Naval Academy In modern times, Institution where the Spanish Armada (i.e.: Spanish Navy) officers and other personnel receive their education.
- El Galatea (also known as Glenlee) From 1922 till 1969 she was the Training Tall Ship for the Spanish Navy in Ferrol (North-western Spain).
- El Club Naval de Ferrol Originally designed for the amusement of the Spanish Navy personnel and their families posted to the Naval Station of Ferrol.
- Structure of the Spanish Navy in the 21st century
- List of large sailing vessels
- List of schooners
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