Juana Alicia

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Juana Alicia
Born 1953
Newark, New Jersey
Nationality American
Education University of California, Santa Cruz, San Francisco Art Institute
Known for Murals and prints
Notable work Las Lechugeras
Movement Chicana/o Art

Juana Alicia Araiza (born in the year 1953) is a muralist, printmaker, educator, activist and, painter. She has been an educator for thirty years. Juana Alicia is currently a full-time faculty at Berkeley City College directing a program called True Colors.[1] Her sculptures and murals can be seen in Nicaragua, Mexico, Pennsylvania, and in many parts of California, most notable in San Francisco.[2]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Juana Alicia was born in Newark, New Jersey in the year 1953. She grew up in an African American community near the Detroit Institute of Art (DIA) in Detroit, Michigan. Her family was the only family within this community that spoke Spanish.[3] Besides speaking English and Spanish at home, within her family she also spoke Yiddish, which came from her mother's Jewish side of the family.[3] Her parents were interested in the arts.[3] Alicia lived down the street from one of the Four Tops, Abdul "Duke" Fakir and was immersed in the Motown culture from a young age.[3] Her godmother, Dr. Cledie Collins Taylor, an African American Sculptor, was also an early influence on Alicia.[3] Alicia felt that she had grown up in a "rich cultural environment."[3]

Many of Alicia's friends in high school were African American and Alicia attended Black Panther meetings when she was a teenager.[3]

Alicia's mother was an activist involved in the farm worker movement.[3] While in high school Juana Alicia left her town during the early seventies at the invitation of Cesar Chavez who she met at a rally.[3] She showed one of her poster to him, ”Boycott grapes in A&P” and he was impressed with her work.[3] Chavez asked Alicia to move to Salinas, California to work with him on the El Malcriado, the newspaper in 1972.[4][3]

Education[edit]

She attended University of California Santa Cruz earning her Bachelor's of Arts (BA) in Teaching Aesthetic Awareness from a Cultural Perspective along with a Bilingual Cross-Cultural Emphasis Credential in 1979. She also received her Single Subjects Credential in Art Education in 1980. Three years later she earned her Fifth Year Certificate in Bilingual Education. Juana Alicia moved forward to receiving her Masters of Arts (M.F.A.) in Fine Arts, Drawing, and Painting from San Francisco Art Institute (SFAI) in May 1990. Finally, in 1998 she passed the California Basic Educational Skills Test (CBEST).

Teaching and Other Jobs[edit]

Upon leaving Detroit in 1972, Juana Alicia moved to Salinas, California during the peak of the United Farm Worker movement. She said to herself “Oh, this is where I want to be.”[3] Alicia went to work in the agricultural fields. She felt that the cultural revolution was happening there. During the strikes in Salinas in 1973 and 1976, she worked for FreshPict, a strawberry grower company.[3] She also worked in Interharvest which was the United Fruit-owned lettuce company. She worked up until September 1976 in the fields but then stopped because at the time she was seven months pregnant with her first son and had succumbed to pesticide poisoning.[3] The poisoning led to chronic pneumonia which she suffered for several years.[3]

After working in the fields, Alicia moved to Salinas where she worked as a paraprofessional in a bilingual classroom next to the hiring hall for the United Farm Workers.[3] Her son was born in December 1976 and she never went back to work in the fields.[3]

In 1981, she moved to the Mission District in San Francisco and began to exhibit her art while she worked at various jobs to make ends meet.[5]

Juana Alicia has taught at Stanford University, University of California Santa Cruz, University of California Davis and San Francisco State University, and is currently a full-time faculty at Berkeley City College.[2] Dedicated to the development of young artists, she co-founded and co-directed the San Francisco Early Childhood School for the Creative Arts and the East Bay Center for Urban Arts. Through her teaching jobs, she has helped to foster several generations of young muralists and activist artists.[2]

Art[edit]

Alicia's painting style is colorful, complex and dynamic.[6] Through her art, she attempts to convey a sense of shared humanity and appreciation for the environment.[6] Alicia paints in a style that blends realism, abstraction and surrealism together, as needed depending on her subject matter.[6]

Notable Murals[edit]

Las Lechugeras (1983)[edit]

Juana Alicia's first big mural project in San Francisco was Las Lechugeras (The Women Lettuce Workers). It is located on the corner of York and 24th Street in Mission District, San Francisco. The mural is thirty by fifty feet and was begun in 1982.[5] The building the mural is painted on is a Mexican meat market and the owner specified that they wanted a mural that had something to do with food.[5] Alicia came up with a design and immediately she faced criticism that seemed insensitive and racist, but she stood by her work and the design was approved and became the final mural.[5] The mural's main focus is on six women harvesting lettuce heads. One of the women is pregnant (and her uterus is transparent, allowing the viewer to see the fetus) and the others are picking lettuce, wrapping it in plastic or looking out at the field. An airplane sprays pesticides overhead while white men driving in a car pass by. The mural is in a public area and is meant to be community art.[5] This mural depicted female workers and their struggles against working conditions and pesticide poisoning in California. Her experience as a female farm worker as well as an organizer for the United Farm Workers helped shape the mural's content, and so the mural itself is autobiographical.[5] In addition, Alicia intended the mural to be for the largely Latino neighborhood where she painted it.[5] She also wanted viewers, especially American viewers, to think about where their food comes from and who is involved in its production.[5] Las Lechugeras is also significant because of its feminist message in its depiction of strong women at work.[5] It also has a strong environmental and human rights message signified by the crop duster which sprays the workers with no regard to health.[5]

Over time, the mural has degraded from weathering. Alicia has tried several times to raise money to restore the mural, although she would prefer to do a permanent mosaic based on the mural in its place.[3]

After it went up, the artists was given a 90-day warning that the mural would be destroyed because of water damage. Coincidentally, this opened way for her project that was much related to the Lechugeras.[7]

Alto al Fuego/Cease Fire (1988)[edit]

Alicia's Alto al Fuego is a mural which deals with the subject of violence.[6] The main figure, a young man with a mountain behind him, has several rifles aimed at his chest by unknown aggressors. Two large hands are placed between the rifles and the man. The boy is smiling as he confronts the violence. The mural, while dealing with violence also provides a sense of hope that the violence will be prevented.[6]

La Llorona Project, San Francisco[edit]

La Llorona (The Weeping Woman), replaced Las Lechugeras. This mural depicts environmental struggles involving women around the world. The mural takes its title from the widespread Mexican myth of a woman who allegedly drowned her children and spends the rest of her life weeping for them. La Llorona mural illustrates stories of women in Bolivia, India, and the Mexico-United States border together. It helps highlight Bolivians in Cochabamba who have advocated to keep Bechtel Corporation from buying the water rights in their country. Indian farm workers in the Narmada Valley who advocate against government’s irresponsible dam projects that damage their homes. Finally, the women in black protesting the unsolved murders of women in the city of Juarez, in the Rio Grande and the maquiladora (sweatshops).

She created her in the spring of 2004 at the corners of York and 24th Streets. With sponsorship by The San Francisco Women’s Center and the Galeria de la Raza, the support of Las Trenzas Latina Student and Alumnae Organization of UC Berkeley, and funding from The Potrero Nuevo Fund, The San Francisco Mayor’s Neighborhood Beautification Fund, the Greppi and Leone family and private donors, the artist was able to complete this mural project.[8]

True Colors Mural Project[edit]

Juana Alicia is the founder and director of the True Colors Mural Project. True Colores is a public mural program at Berkeley City College. Through her Mural Design and Creation course at BCC, and also in collaboration with the City of Berkeley's Youth Works Program, Earth Island Institute and other community based organizations. True Colors helps create one or more public murals each year. This project aims to support the development of young artists and activists for the improvement of the urban environment through a creation and collaboration of public murals. The purpose of the murals is to both educate urban residents. Also, beautify the urban environment with positive messages and images that advocate for ecological sustainability, conservation and restoration. The project recruits, engages and employs under-served, at risk youth from Berkeley and the greater East Bay, in vital community environmental mural arts projects. True Colors trains young artists to design and create community murals with social and environmental justice themes.[9]

The ESAY/Fulbright Project[edit]

Juana Alicia works and has worked in Mérida, Yucatán, México at the Escuela Superior de Arte de Yucatán (ESAY) where she is teaching workshops in Chicano Mural History, Design and Technique. The workshops will finish in a mural at the university's new location, in the neo-Mayan art deco train station. Which is an architectural landmark in downtown Mérida. ESAY is a multidisciplinary arts university, featuring visual arts, music, theater, dance and film/multimedia.[10]

The Spiral Voice: Codex Estánfor Juana Alicia’s New Murals at Stanford[edit]

In 2007, Stanford's Centro Chicano wrote to Juana Alicia, offering a new commission for the Centro. Since a mural that she had created with the Yo Puedo Program during the mig-eighties had been destroyed during a renovation. The Centro requested that she create a new work of art in its place. After touring the site, Juana Alicia drew up several proposals for th exterior and interior walls. She proposed an exterior mural that resembled her work she had recently created for the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Medical Center in San Francisco and in Mexico at the Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana (UTM). She began the process by creating new murals for the Centro Chicano. The theme of the murals depicted the legacy of Latin American and Indigenous literature. The working title for the piece is “Ojas de nuestro legado/Pages from Our Legacies”, a play on the words pages of a book and the ojas or pencas del nopal.[11]

Awards[edit]

  • 1982-National Endowment for the Humanities, BIRTH MURAL Best Visual Art Work with a Chicano/Mexicano Theme, through the University of California, Santa Cruz.
  • 1992-Precita Eyes Mural Arts Center, Master Muralist Award.
  • 1992-Distinguished Visiting Professor, Oakes College, University of California, Santa Cruz.
  • 1993-NACS (National Association of Chicano Studies), for Outstanding Contributions to the Arts, Academia and Our Communities.
  • 2000-Woman of Fire Award, Women of Color Resource Center, Berkeley, Ca.
  • 2004-California State Senate, Outstanding Contributions as an Oakland Arts Educator.
  • 2006-2007-Fulbright Fellowship, Escuela Superior de Arte de Yucatán (ESAY), Visiting Professeor in Mural Arts/Painting.

Quotes[edit]

"I am committed to having an impact on the visual vocabulary of my contemporaries, to work towards peace, and to preserve the environment. I want my work to contribute to the transformation of a violent world into a humane one, reflecting values of love, mutual respect, and awe at the beauty of nature."[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About/Biografía". Juana Alicia. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Juana Alicia Araiza". Berkeley City College. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Karlstrom, Paul (2000). "Oral History Interview with Juana Alicia, 2000 May 8 and July 17". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.library.sfsu.edu/exhibits/cultivating/intropages/elmalcriado.html
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mazurana, Dyan (January 2002). "Juana Alicia's Las Lechugueras/The Women Lettuce Workers". Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 3 (1): 54–81. ISSN 1536-6936. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Henkes, Robert (1999). Latin American Women Artists of the United States: The Works of 33 Twentieth-Century Women. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 5–11. ISBN 0786405198. 
  7. ^ Las Lechugeras Project
  8. ^ La llorona Project
  9. ^ True Color's Project
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ The Spiral Voice

External links[edit]