Juanelo Turriano

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Juanelo Turriano
Juanelo Turriano.jpg
Bust of Juanelo Turriano
Born Giovani Torriani
1500
Cremona, Duchy of Milan
Died 1585
Toledo, Spain
Resting place
Toledo, Spain

Juanelo Turriano (Italian: Gianello Torriano; born Giovanni Torriani, c. 1500 — 1585) was an Italo-Spanish clockmaker, engineer and mathematician. He was born in Cremona.

Called to Spain in 1529 by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, he was appointed Court Clock Master and built the Cristalino, an astronomical clock that made him famous in his time. Philip II of Spain named him Matemático Mayor. He worked and lived in Toledo, where he built the Artificio de Juanelo, an engine that, driven by the river itself, lifted water from the Tagus to a height of almost 100 meters, to supply the city and its castle (Alcázar).

Turriano is attributed as the creator of the "Clockwork Prayer", an automaton representing a monk manufactured in the 1560s based on a commission from Philip II of Spain.[1][2] Another automaton associated with Turriano is a figure of a lady playing a lute housed in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.[1][3]

He died at Toledo in 1585.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b King, Elizabeth. "Clockwork Prayer: A Sixteenth-Century Mechanical Monk". Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  2. ^ "A Clockwork Miracle". Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  3. ^ Breaking the disciplines : reconceptions in knowledge, art and culture. London [u.a.]: Tauris. 2003. ISBN 9781860649172.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)

External links[edit]