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Bust of Juanelo Turriano
Cremona, Duchy of Milan
Called to Spain in 1529 by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, he was appointed Court Clock Master and built the Cristalino, an astronomical clock that made him famous in his time. Philip II of Spain named him Matemático Mayor. He worked and lived in Toledo, where he built the Artificio de Juanelo, an engine that, driven by the river itself, lifted water from the Tagus to a height of almost 100 meters, to supply the city and its castle (Alcázar).
Turriano is attributed as the creator of the "Clockwork Prayer", an automaton representing a monk manufactured in the 1560s based on a commission from Philip II of Spain. Another automaton associated with Turriano is a figure of a lady playing a lute housed in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
He died at Toledo in 1585.
- King, Elizabeth. "Clockwork Prayer: A Sixteenth-Century Mechanical Monk". Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "A Clockwork Miracle". Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- Breaking the disciplines : reconceptions in knowledge, art and culture. London [u.a.]: Tauris. 2003. ISBN 9781860649172.
- This article is mostly translated from the longer Spanish language article.
- El artificio de Juanelo The water fetching automaton.
- Juanelo Turriano Foundation (English)
- Reconstrucción del artificio de Juanelo (PDF format)
- The new model of the hydraulic machine known as El Artificio de Juanelo in three-dimensional computer simulation