Juano Hernández in Intruder in the Dust
|Born||Huano G. Hernández
July 19, 1896
San Juan, Puerto Rico
|Died||July 17, 1970
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Juano Hernández (July 19, 1896 – July 17, 1970) was a Puerto Rican stage and film actor of African descent who was a pioneer in the African American film industry. He made his silent debut in The Life of General Villa, and talking picture debut in an Oscar Micheaux film, The Girl from Chicago, which was directed at black audiences. Hernández also performed in a series of dramatic roles in mainstream Hollywood movies. His participation in the film Intruder in the Dust earned him a Golden Globe Award nomination for "New Star of the Year." Later in life he returned to Puerto Rico, where he intended to make a film based on the life of Sixto Escobar.
Hernández (birth name: Juan G. Hernández) was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico to a Puerto Rican father and a Brazilian mother. With no formal education, he worked as a sailor and settled in Rio de Janeiro. He was hired by a circus and become an entertainer, making his first appearance as an acrobat in Rio de Janeiro in 1922. He later lived in the Caribbean and made his living as a professional boxer, fighting under the name Kid Curley.
Vaudeville and the stage
In New York City, he worked in vaudeville and minstrel shows, sang in a church choir and was a radio script writer. During his spare time he perfected his diction by studying Shakespeare thus, enabling himself to work in the radio. He co-starred in radio's first all-black soap opera We Love and Learn. He also participated in the following radio shows: Mandrake the Magician (opposite Raymond Edward Johnson and Jessica Tandy), The Shadow, Tennessee Jed, and Against the Storm. He became a household name after his participation in The Cavalcade of America, a series which promoted American history and inventiveness. He appeared in the Broadway shows Strange Fruit and Set My People Free. His Broadway debut was in the chorus of the 1927 musical production Showboat.
Hernández appeared in 26 films throughout his career. He portrayed a revolutionary soldier in the silent film The Life of General Villa, and his first "talkie" films were small roles in films produced by Oscar Micheaux, who made race films for black audiences. His talking film debut was Micheaux's The Girl from Chicago (1932), in which he was cast as a Cuban racketeer.
In 1949, he acted in his first mainstream film, based on William Faulkner's novel, Intruder in the Dust, in which he played the role of Lucas Beauchamp, a poor Mississippi farmer unjustly accused of the murder of a white man. The film earned him a Golden Globe nomination for "New Star of the Year". The film was listed as one of the ten best of the year by the New York Times. Faulkner said of the film: "I'm not much of a moviegoer, but I did see that one. I thought it was a fine job. That Juano Hernández is a fine actor--and man, too."
More than 50 years after its initial release, in 2001, film historian Donald Bogle wrote that Intruder in the Dust broke new ground in the cinematic portrayal of blacks, and Hernández's "performance and extraordinary presence still rank above that of almost any other black actor to appear in an American movie." 
Over the years, Hernández made guest appearances on a dozen U.S. network television programs, appearing three times in 1960 and 1961 on the ABC series, Adventures in Paradise, starring Gardner McKay. In 1959, he starred in the Alfred Hitchcock Presents production of the Ambrose Bierce short story An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.
Hernández returned to Puerto Rico late in his life. Together with Julio Torregrosa he wrote a script for a movie about the life of Puerto Rico's first boxing champion, Sixto Escobar. He was unable to get funding in Puerto Rico and therefore he translated the script into English. He sent it to several companies in Hollywood and had it almost sold at the time of his death. In the last two years of his life he appeared in three films, The Extraordinary Seaman (1969) with David Niven, The Reivers (1969) with Steve McQueen, and They Call Me MISTER Tibbs (1970) with Sidney Poitier.
- The Life of General Villa (1914) ... Revolutionary Soldier
- The Girl from Chicago (1932) .... Gomez
- Harlem is Heaven (1932) (uncredited) .... Cop
- Lying Lips (1939) .... Rev. Bryson
- The Notorious Elinor Lee (1940) ... John Arthur
- Intruder in the Dust (1949) .... Lucas Beauchamp
- Young Man with a Horn (1950) .... Art Hazzard
- The Breaking Point (1950) .... Wesley Park
- Stars in My Crown (1950) .... Uncle Famous Prill
- Trial (1955) .... Judge Theodore Motley
- Kiss Me Deadly (1955) .... Eddie Yeager
- Ransom! (1956) .... Jesse Chapman aka Uncle Jesse
- Something of Value (1957) .... Njogu, Oath Giver
- Machete (1958) .... Bernardo
- St. Louis Blues (1958) .... Rev. Charles Handy
- The Mark of the Hawk (1958) .... Amugu
- Sergeant Rutledge (1960) .... Sgt. Matthew Luke Skimore
- Westinghouse Presents: The Dispossessed (1961) (TV) .... Standing Bear
- Two Loves (1961) .... Rauhuia
- The Sins of Rachel Cade (1961) .... Kalanumu
- Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (1962) .... Bugs
- The Pawnbroker (1964) .... Mr. Smith
- The Extraordinary Seaman (1969) .... Ali Shar
- The Reivers (1969) .... Uncle Possum
- They Call Me MISTER Tibbs! (1970) .... Mealie Williamson
- List of famous Puerto Ricans
- African immigration to Puerto Rico
- List of Puerto Ricans of African descent
- Puerto Rico Popular Culture
- Associated Press (20 July 1970). "Juan Hernandez, Actor, Dies at 74". The New York Times.
- All Movie Guide. "Juano Hernandez". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- "Early Black Cinema", True West Magazine, August 2005, p. 22
- "Faulkner's Home, Family and Heritage Were Genesis of Yoknapatawpha County". The New York Times. 7 July 1962. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- Stars In My Crown at AllMovie
- Crowther, Bosley (7 October 1950). "THE SCREEN IN REVIEW; 'Breaking Point,' Adapted From Hemingway Story, Starring John Garfield, at Strand". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- Bogle, Donald (2001). Toms, coons, mulattoes, mammies, and bucks: an interpretive history of Blacks in American films (Fourth ed.). London: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-1267-X.
- Juano Hernandez
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