Jubilee (1978 film)
|Directed by||Derek Jarman|
|Produced by||Howard Malin
|Written by||Derek Jarman
Siouxsie and the Banshees
|Edited by||Nick Barnard
|Release dates||February 1978 (UK)
September 1979 (USA)
|Running time||103 min.|
|Budget||£50,000 or £200,000|
Jubilee is a 1978 cult film directed by Derek Jarman. It stars Jenny Runacre, Ian Charleson, and a host of punk rockers, including Adam Ant and Toyah. The title refers to the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 1977.
In Jubilee, Queen Elizabeth I (Jenny Runacre) is transported forward in time by the occultist John Dee (Richard O'Brien) through the spirit guide Ariel (a character from Shakespeare's The Tempest). Elizabeth arrives in the shattered Britain of the 1970s. Queen Elizabeth II is dead, killed in an arbitrary mugging, and Elizabeth I moves through the social and physical decay of the city observing the activities of a group of sporadic nihilists, including Amyl Nitrite (Jordan), Bod (Runacre in a dual role), Chaos (Hermine Demoriane), Crabs (Nell Campbell), and Mad (Toyah Willcox).
Numerous punk icons appear in the film including Jordan (a Malcolm McLaren protégé), Toyah Willcox, Nell Campbell, Adam Ant, Demoriane and Wayne County. It features performances by Wayne County and Adam and the Ants. There are also cameo appearances by The Slits and Siouxsie and the Banshees. The film was scored by Brian Eno. The uncredited piece of music used in the 'Jordan's Dance' scene was written by Ludwig Minkus in 1884 for Act I in the revived ballet 'Giselle'.
The film is heavily influenced by the 1970s punk aesthetic in its style and presentation. Shot in grainy colour, it is largely plotless and episodic. Location filming took advantage of London neighbourhoods that were economically depressed and/or still contained large amounts of rubble from the London Blitz.
- Jenny Runacre – Queen Elizabeth I / Bod
- Nell Campbell – Crabs (as Little Nell)
- Toyah Willcox – Mad
- Jordan – Amyl Nitrite
- Hermine Demoriane – Chaos
- Ian Charleson – Angel
- Karl Johnson – Sphinx
- Linda Spurrier - Viv
- Jack Birkett – Borgia Ginz (as Orlando)
- Jayne County – Lounge Lizard (as Wayne County)
- Richard O'Brien – John Dee
- Adam Ant – Kid
- Helen Wellington-Lloyd - Lady in waiting
- Claire Davenport – First Customs Lady
- Barney James – Policeman
- Lindsay Kemp – Cabaret performer
- Gene October – Happy Days
- Siouxsie Sioux – Herself
- Steven Severin – Himself
The film had many critics in British punk circles. Fashion designer Vivienne Westwood manufactured a T-shirt on which was printed an "open letter" to Jarman denouncing the film and his misrepresentations of punk. Jarman described the project as "a film about punk" during pre-production, but later explained that it had a much broader thematic scope. The film is now considered a cult classic, and was released by the Criterion Collection.
- Alexander Walker, National Heroes: British Cinema in the Seventies and Eighties, Harrap, 1985 p 235
- Walsh, John. "Cultivating his own plot." Sunday Times [London, England] 16 Dec. 1990: 2[S3]+. The Sunday Times Digital Archive. Web. 8 Apr. 2014.
- Jubilee DVD extras, production diary
- Jubilee at the Internet Movie Database
- Jubilee at AllMovie
- Julian Upton: Anarchy in the UK. Derek Jarman's 'Jubilee' revisited Bright Lights Film Journal, Issue 30, October 2000
- Criterion Collection essay by Tony Peake
- Criterion Collection essay by Tilda Swinton