North Korean calendar

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The North Korean calendar or Juche calendar is the system of year numbering used in the DPRK (North Korea).

History[edit]

The Juche calendar was introduced in 1997 and is based on Kim Il-sung's date of birth: 15 April 1912. That year is used as Juche 1 and the system works forward from there. There is no Juche 0. The Juche calendar does maintain the Gregorian calendar's traditional months and the number of days in a month. Hence, to calculate the Juche year from a Gregorian year after 1912, simply subtract 1911. The Juche calendar officially replaced the Gregorian calendar as the civil calendar in North Korea on September 9, 1997.[1]

Examples[edit]

Juche Year Gregorian Year Dangun Year
1 1912 4245 Kim Il-sung's birth
37 1948 4281 North Korea founded
51 1962 4295
86 1997 4330 Juche calendar introduced
100 2011 4344
104 2015 4348 Current year

Usage in practice[edit]

In many instances of non-Korean usage the Juche year is given after the corresponding Gregorian year, i.e. 12 June 2007 (Juche 96). However, most official DPR-Korean sources list the Gregorian year second as in 12 June Juche 96 (2007).

References[edit]