Juchitepec

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Juchitepec
Municipality and town
Juchitepec is located in Mexico
Juchitepec
Juchitepec
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°05′59″N 98°52′45″W / 19.09972°N 98.87917°W / 19.09972; -98.87917Coordinates: 19°05′59″N 98°52′45″W / 19.09972°N 98.87917°W / 19.09972; -98.87917
Country  Mexico
State State of Mexico
Area
 • Municipality and town 149.56 km2 (57.75 sq mi)
Elevationat seat 2,531 m (8,304 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality and town 23,497
 • Urban 22,284
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

Juchitepec is a town and municipality in State of Mexico in central Mexico. Juchitepec means “Hill of the Flowers” in Nahuatl. The municipality covers an area of 149.56 km². It has one major community outside of the seat called San Matias Cuijingo. The municipality is located at the southwest of the state, and borders the municipalities of Tenango del Aire, Tepetlixpa, Ozumba and Ayapango in the State of Mexico, and with Totolapan and Tlalnepantla in the state of Morelos to the south, and the borough of Milpa Alta in Mexico City to the west. A large part of the population is employed in commerce. Other major economic activities include agriculture and livestock. As of the 2010 census, the municipality had a total population of 23,497 inhabitants.

Towns and villages[edit]

The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[1]

Name 2010 Census Population
Juchitepec de Mariano Rivapalacio 16,021
San Matías Cuijingo 6,263
Camino a la Mina 287
Colonia Techachal 157
Barrio Santa Rosa de Lima 122
La Loma 122
La Garita 114
Total Municipality 23,497

History[edit]

Juchitepec (Xochiltepetl) was founded in 1381 by a ruler named Acamapixtli. In pre-Hispanic times, the Olmec lived in the zone. Juchitepec was one of the first places conquered by the Spanish because it was on the route Hernán Cortés took when he arrived. On July 3, 1531 a decree was written which defined Juchitepec's eight districts: Cuautzozongo, Calayuco, Zancalco, Oacalco, Tetlancheo, Tepepatlacher, Tlacotlapilco and Tlacaelcalpam. On May 2, 1880, Juchitepec was elevated to the rank of town. The Mexican Revolution impacted Juchitepec because in 1911 some of the first Zapatista groups entered and demanded money from the rich. Some years later Juchitepec attained infrastructure like plumbing and electricity. Today there is a library and a cultural center.[2]

Cultural and tourist attractions[edit]

Juchitepec is in an isolated location. However, thanks to the beauty of its streets and gardens, it has been the setting of several movies and commercials. In the center of town is the Church of Santo Domingo that was built in the Baroque style. Juchitepec does not have a native dance, but in its two biggest parties, the traditional dances are "The Dance of Moors and Christians" and chinelos, originating in Morelos. The typical food of Juchitepec is mole, barbecue, chicken or calf mixiote and carnitas prepared in a special way, popcorn, cheese tamales, rajas and corn and bean tlacoyos. The traditional drink is the tecui.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 census tables: INEGI
  2. ^ a b "Juchitepec". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved June 6, 2009. [dead link]