Judeo-Masonic conspiracy theory
||This article possibly contains original research. (September 2011)|
The Judeo-Masonic conspiracy is a conspiracy theory involving an alleged secret coalition of a small section of Jews and Masons. These theories were popular on the reactionary right, particularly in France with similar allegations still being published.
Elders of Zion
The Judeo-Masonic conspiracy theory merges two older strains of conspiracy claims: Anti-Masonic conspiracy claims and Anti-Semitic conspiracy claims. It was heavily influenced by publication of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a forged document that appeared in Tsarist Russia purporting to be an expose of a world wide Jewish conspiracy. The Protocols claim that the Jews had infiltrated Freemasonry and were using the fraternity to further their aims. Adherents[who?] of the Judeo-Masonic conspiracy took the claim made by the Protocols to extremes and claimed that the leaders of Freemasonry and the leaders of the Jewish plot were one and the same.
According to Dr. Danny Keren (a member of the Department of Computer Science at Haifa University), the "conceptual inspiration" of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion was the 1797 treatise, Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism by the French priest Augustin Barruel, which claimed the Revolution was a Masonic led conspiracy with the aim of overthrowing the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. According to Keren, "in his treatise, Barruel did not himself blame the Jews, who were emancipated as a result of the Revolution. However, in 1806, Barruel circulated a forged letter, probably sent to him by members of the state police opposed to Napoleon Bonaparte's liberal policy toward the Jews, calling attention to the alleged part of the Jews in the conspiracy he had earlier attributed to the Masons. This myth of an international Jewish conspiracy reappeared later on in 19th century Europe in places such as Germany and Poland."
According to the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon website: "While it is both simplistic and specious to lay the responsibility for the French Revolution at the door of Freemasonry, there is no question that freemasons, as individuals, were active in building, and rebuilding, a new society. Considering the large number of bodies claiming masonic authority, many men identified today as freemasons were probably unaware of each other’s masonic association and clearly cannot be seen as acting in concert. Yet they did share certain beliefs and ideals."
French Masonry of the time was exclusive, denying initiation to Jews, along with many other classes of people.
Barry Domvile, and The Link
The founder of a British pro-Nazi association, 'The Link', retired Admiral Sir Barry Domvile coined the title "Judmas" for the alleged Judeo-Masonic conspiracy. Domvile claimed that the "activities of Judmas are confined to a small section of both Jews and Masons: the large majority have no idea of the work undertaken behind the façade of Judmas." Domvile alleged that "the aim of these international Jews is a World state kept in subjection by the power of money, and working for its Jewish masters" and that "Masonry is the executive partner for the conduct of Jewish policy."
Domvile said that he first started thinking about a Jewish-Masonic theory as a result of Hitler. Domvile referred both to The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, and to The Secret Powers Behind Revolution by Vicomte Léon de Poncins. Domvile was aware that The Protocols of the Elders of Zion had been denounced as a forgery, but regarded their authorship as "immaterial".
Post Soviet Russia
The Judeo-Masonic conspiracy theories found new currency among the various marginal political forces in post-Soviet Russia, where widespread destitution created fertile ground for conspiracy theories, combined with Blood Libel and Holocaust Denial. These viewpoints are also voiced by several antisemitic writers, notably by Igor Shafarevich, Oleg Platonov, Vadim Kozhinov and the late Grigory Klimov. An opinion poll conducted in Moscow ca. 1990 has shown that 18% of Moscow residents believed that there is Zionist conspiracy against Russia.
Link to the Bilderberg group
Contemporary conspiracy theorists, who hew to theories centered on the Bilderbergers and an alleged impending New World Order, often draw upon older concepts found in the Jewish-Masonic conspiracy theory, frequently blaming the Rothschild family or "international bankers". Because of the use of themes and tropes traditionally viewed as anti-semitic, these contemporary conspiracy theorists tend to draw the ire of groups sensitive to anti-semitic terminology, such as the Anti-Defamation League.[undue weight? ]
- Andinia Plan
- Antisemitic canard
- Masonic conspiracy theories
- New World Order (conspiracy theory)
- "www.friends-partners.org ''The development of modern anti-semitism''". Friends-partners.org. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Domvile, From Admiral to Cabin Boy, p81.
- "Shofar FTP Archives: documents/protocols/protocols.zion". Nizkor.org. 1993-02-10. Retrieved 2012-02-02.
- "The French Revolution and freemasons". Freemasonry.bcy.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-02.
- Giffiths, Patriotism Perverted, pp39-42.
The Link was founded in July 1937 by Domvile, and had nearly 1,800 members by March 1938, and over 4,300 by June 1938.
- Domvile, From Admiral to Cabin Boy, p80.
- Domvile, From Admiral to Cabin Boy, p82.
- Domvile, From Admiral to Cabin Boy, p83.
- "Anti-Semitic Conspiracy Theories Spread Globally As World Markets Grapple With Financial Crisis". Adl.org. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "The Jewish Role in the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's Early Soviet Regime". Ihr.org.
- "Antisemitism and Racism – The Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary". Tau.ac.il. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Russia – Revisionists gather in Moscow". Searchlight Magazine. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "В.В. Кожинов "Царь иудейский" – Национальная газета. Ежемесячное русское обозрение". Nationalka.ru. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- (Russian) http://www.hrono.info/libris/kozh39_1_5.html
- Юрий Каграманов Черносотенство: прошлое и перспективы «Новый мир», 1999, № 6.
- Simon Reznik "Blood Libel in Russia" 2000 http://www.vestnik.com/issues/2000/0118/win/reznik.htm
- Yerofeyev, Viktor. "Moscow Believes In Conspiracy Theories". Rferl.org. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Some Russians still accuse Jews of `ritual murder' in czar's death | j. the Jewish news weekly of Northern California". Jewishsf.com. 19 December 1997. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Красный интернационал против России". Nationalism.org. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Заговор против России". Ozon.ru. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Борис Соколов. "По данным опроса, проведенного в начале 1990–х годов, почти 18% москвичей верили в существование всемирного заговора сионистов против России, а еще почти 25% не исключали реальность такого заговора. В последние годы в России не раз переиздавались как "Протоколы", так и другие произведения антисемитской литературы, поток которой власти никак не ограничивают, не видя в них "разжигания межнациональной розни". Поэтому среди наших соотечественников доля тех, кто готов всерьез отнестись к мифу о "еврейском заговоре", вряд ли уменьшилась". Grani.ru. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Conspiracy theories in American history: an encyclopedia - Peter Knight - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-02.
- Admiral Sir Barry Domvile KBE, CB, CMG, From Admiral to Cabin Boy, Boswell Publishing, London, 1947.
- Peter Knight, Conspiracy Theories in American History: An Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2003, ISBN 978-1-57607-812-9
- Vicomte Léon de Poncins, The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, Boswell Publishing, London, 1929.
- Richard Giffiths, Patriotism Perverted, Captain Ramsay and the Far Right Club and British Anti-Semitism 1939–40, Constable & Co., London, 1998, ISBN 0-09-467920-7, online at Google Books