Jewish boycott of German goods

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A rally to boycott Nazi Germany, held at the third Madison Square Garden on March 15, 1937. It was sponsored by the American Jewish Congress and the Jewish Labor Committee. John L. Lewis of the Congress of Industrial Organizations and New York City mayor Fiorello LaGuardia were among the speakers.[1]

The Jewish boycott of German goods refers to one of the international Jewish responses to the policies of the Nazis.

The boycott started in March 1933 in both Europe and the US.[2] Sources claim it continued until the entry of the US into the war.[3]

Both the Nazis and some outside Germany saw the boycott as an act of aggression, with the UK newspaper the Daily Express going so far as to put as headline: "Judea Declares War on Germany".[2] The Daily Express headline has been cited by Holocaust deniers such as Ernst Zündel as evidence of a conspiracy against the Nazi government by World Jewry.[4][need quotation to verify]

The Nazi regime protested internationally and on April 1, 1933, organized a (one day) boycott of Jewish businesses in Germany,[2] which was the first of official anti-Jewish acts by the German government.

The Haavara Agreement, together with lessened dependence on trade with the West, had by 1937 largely negated the effects of the Jewish boycott on Germany.[5] According to a December 1936 article in Time, the Association of German National Jews was then fighting against the Jewish boycott of German goods.[6][need quotation to verify]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Haven to Home" Library of Congress exhibit
  2. ^ a b c Berel Lang, Philosophical Witnessing: The Holocaust as Presence, p.132
  3. ^ Marc Dollinger, Quest for Inclusion: Jews and Liberalism in Modern America (Princeton University Press, 2000), p.48. ISBN 9780691005096
  4. ^ Manuel Prutschi "ch. 10: The Zündel Affair" in ed. Alan Davies, Antisemitism in Canada: History and Interpretation (Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1999), page 259. ISBN 9780889202160.
  5. ^ Francis R. Nicosia, The Third Reich and the Palestine Question , p.150
  6. ^ Books: Vicious Circle. Robert Gessner, Some Of My Best Friends Are Jews (Farrar & Rinehart), Time, Monday, December 21, 1936.

Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933