Judaeo-Catalan

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Judaeo-Catalan
Catalanic
קטלאנית יהודית
Region Catalonia
Extinct (date missing)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)

Judaeo-Catalan (Hebrew: קטלאנית יהודית; Catalan: judeocatalà, IPA: [ʒuˌðewkətəˈɫa]), also called Catalanic or Qatalanit (Hebrew: קאטאלנית, Catalan: catalànic or qatalanit), was a Jewish language spoken by the Jewish communities in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula, especially in Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands.

Linguistically, it shared many features in common with early Shuadit (Judaeo-Provençal), although historically, ethnically and politically, the Catalanic-speaking community was long distinct from the Shuadit-speaking community, mostly as a result of the Moorish occupation of Iberia. The golden age of Catalanic was in the period between the early 12th century and 1491, when the Jews were expelled from Catalonia and Valencia (see Alhambra decree) towards the North African coasts especially.

Today, except for the use of a number of Hebrew loanwords, there is little to distinguish the speech of the Catalan Bnei Anusim and their fellow Jews, from the Catalan or Spanish spoken by their non-Jewish neighbors.

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