Judge's Cave

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Judge's Cave
Map showing the location of Judge's Cave
Map showing the location of Judge's Cave
Map showing location in Gibraltar.
Coordinates
Depth 47 metres
Length 250 metres
Altitude 74 metres
Discovery 1840s
Website underground-gibraltar.com

Judge's Cave is a cave in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Human remains dated to the late prehistoric period have been unearthed in the cave.[1]

Discovery[edit]

When James Cochrane was first appointed chief justice of Gibraltar in the 1840s he had a villa constructed and whilst it was being built this cave was discovered and it took its name from Cochrane. The cave was of some importance as it contained human remains and early visitors to the cave included Abbe Henri Breil, George Busk and local William Willoughby Cole Verner.[2]

Human remains were found in this site (From the Neolithic Period) and are currently held by the British Museum. This includes the skulls and thigh bones of two individuals. Mr George Palao more recently also visited this site between January and April 1969 in which time he also excavated it producing various pottery artefacts which are now stored in the Gibraltar Museum. The pottery remains excavated by Mr Palao from this site are some of Gibraltar's most beautiful pieces. Another interesting note is that Captain Gorham visited the cave during his time in Gibraltar alongside his team consisting of Lt. Anderson & Sgt. Mathews. Captain Gorham, best known for the discovery and naming of Gorham's Cave, was a keen explorer and left an inscription within Judge’s cave marking his visit on 12 December 1906. Having visited the site, we would also like to point out that there are areas of archaeological deposits which remain ‘un-excavated’ and could very possibly yield more Human remains Judges cave has recently been surveyed to the ‘Grade 6’ level of accuracy by a team of Spanish professional speleologists (Jose & Julio Aguilera) working alongside the Gibraltar Museum’s Team and another survey was carried out separately by the Gibraltar Museum's Caving unit to the on the 12 September 2012. The site has a total depth of 47 meters below the current ground level and a total length of 250 meters. Considering the site is 74 meters above sea level this makes its bottom chambers only 27 meters above sea level. Judge’s Cave is an extensive system based on various levels. At this stage we would like to point out that we do not rule out the possibility that this site may have other large chambers which are yet to be discovered. There is also a possibility that this cave could link up with other cave systems which are nearby.[3]

References[edit]

This page uses freely licensed text generously shared by underground-gibraltar.com
  1. ^ "List of British Museum Human Remains". British Museum. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Judge's Cave". Underground-Gibraltar.com. Gibraltar Museum. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Pete's Paradise Caves, Underground-Gibraltar.com, accessed 8 January 2013