Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts

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The appointment of federal judges for United States federal courts has become viewed as a political process in the last several decades. This is especially true of U.S. Supreme Court and court of appeals appointments. These charts show the composition of the Supreme and circuit courts at the end of each four year presidential term, categorizing the judges by the presidential term during which they were nominated for their seat.

As of March 2014 a majority of the federal appeals courts have a majority of Democratic appointees. However, the party of the president who appointed a judge is not always a good indicator of that judge's judicial philosophy and place on the political spectrum.

Supreme Court[edit]

The Supreme Court of the United States was established by the Constitution of the United States. Originally, the Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number of Justices at six. Subsequently, the United States Congress increased the number of Justices to seven in 1807, nine in 1837 and ten in 1863. The Judiciary Act of 1869 reduced the number of Justices to nine once again.

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
HST
2
FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
Current
9
5
4
-
-
2
2
-
-
2
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
9
5
4
-
-
2
2
-
-
2
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008
9
7
2
-
-
-
2
-
-
2
2
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1996
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1992
9
8
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
1
-
1
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1988
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
2
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
1984
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
4
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
1980
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
1976
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
1972
9
6
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
1
1968
9
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
3
-
-
-
2
1964
9
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
3
1
-
-
2
1960
9
5
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
3
1
-
-
3
1956
9
3
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
1
-
4
1952
9
0
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
1
4
1948
9
0
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
5
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant FDR
/HST
FDR
3
FDR
2
FDR
1
HCH JCC WGH
/JCC
TWW
2
TWW
1
WHT
1948
9
0
9
-
2
2
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1944
9
2
7
-
-
2
5
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1940
9
3
6
-
-
-
5
-
2
1
-
-
1
-
1936
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
2
-
2
1
1932
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
2
-
2
1

Courts of appeals[edit]

The United States Court of Appeals were established by the Judiciary Act of 1891 as "United States circuit courts of appeals" (the name was changed to its current form in 1948). The act authorized 19 appellate judgeships in 9 circuits. Since then, the number of authorized appellate judgeships has increased to 179.[1]

Summary of 13 circuits combined[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Current
179
77
92
10
20
29
24
28
24
17
9
8
7
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
2012
179
84
78
17
-
30
24
30
25
18
12
10
7
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
2008*
178
100
66
12
-
-
24
32
33
26
21
15
7
7
1
-
-
-
-
-
2004
179
94
69
16
-
-
-
35
34
26
29
20
8
9
1
1
-
-
-
-
2000
179
76
78
25
-
-
-
-
34
30
35
28
11
14
1
1
-
-
-
-
1996
179
105
54
20
-
-
-
-
-
30
40
45
14
22
3
2
1
1
-
-
1992
179
119
42
18
-
-
-
-
-
-
40
50
20
40
5
3
1
1
-
-
1988
168
96
62
10
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
50
26
53
9
10
8
1
-
-
1984
168
66
76
26
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
57
15
17
14
5
-
-
1980
140
50
86
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
59
16
30
19
8
2
1
  • There were temporarily 178 existing appellate federal judgeships, due to the elimination of a 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit by Section 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007.[2] The Act also provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009 which increased the number of authorized appellate judgeships to 179 again.
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
Present
100%
43%
51%
6%
11%
16%
13%
16%
13%
9%
6%
4%
4%
1%
1%
-
-
-
-
-
2012
100%
47%
44%
9%
-
17%
13%
17%
14%
10%
7%
6%
4%
3%
1%
-
-
-
-
-
2008
100%
56%
37%
7%
-
-
13%
18%
19%
15%
12%
8%
4%
4%
1%
-
-
-
-
-
2004
100%
53%
39%
9%
-
-
-
20%
19%
15%
16%
11%
4%
5%
1%
1%
-
-
-
-
2000
100%
42%
44%
14%
-
-
-
-
19%
17%
20%
16%
6%
8%
1%
1%
-
-
-
-
1996
100%
59%
30%
11%
-
-
-
-
-
17%
22%
25%
8%
12%
2%
1%
1%
1%
-
-
1992
100%
67%
23%
10%
-
-
-
-
-
-
22%
28%
11%
22%
3%
2%
1%
1%
-
-
1988
100%
57%
37%
6%
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
30%
16%
32%
5%
6%
5%
1%
-
-
1984
100%
39%
45%
16%
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
20%
34%
9%
10%
8%
3%
-
-
1980
100%
36%
61%
3%
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
42%
11%
21%
14%
6%
1%
1%

Partisan mix of the circuit courts[edit]

As of July 7, 2014

Appeals Court
(in numerical order)
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of occupied seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
vacant
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
of total seats
appointed
by
Democrats
Percentage
of total seats
currently
vacant
1st
33%
67%
2 / 4 / 0
33%
67%
0%
2nd
38%
62%
5 / 8 / 0
38%
62%
0%
3rd
38%
62%
5 / 8 / 1
36%
57%
7%
4th
36%
64%
5 / 9 / 1
33%
60%
7%
5th
67%
33%
10 / 5 / 2
59%
29%
12%
6th
67%
33%
10 / 5 / 1
63%
31%
6%
7th
70%
30%
7 / 3 / 1
64%
27%
9%
8th
73%
27%
8 / 3 / 0
73%
27%
0%
9th
31%
69%
9 / 20 / 0
31%
69%
0%
10th
42%
58%
5 / 7 / 0
42%
58%
0%
11th
33%
67%
3 / 6 / 3
25%
50%
25%
DC
36%
64%
4 / 7 / 0
36%
64%
0%
Federal
36%
64%
4 / 7 / 1
33%
58%
9%
Total of 13 circuits
46%
54%
77 / 92 / 10
43%
51%
6%

First Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
Current
6
2
4
-
2
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2012
6
3
2
1
-
1
-
1
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
2008
6
3
2
1
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
2004
6
4
2
-
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
2000
6
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
1996
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
1
1
-
-
-
-
1992
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
1
1
-
-
-
1988
6
3
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
2
-
1
1
1984
6
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
1
1
1980
4
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
1

Second Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current
13
5
8
-
-
5
1
3
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
13
5
8
-
-
5
1
3
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008
13
6
6
1
-
-
1
4
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
13
6
7
-
-
-
-
4
5
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
13
2
10
1
-
-
-
-
5
4
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1996
13
5
6
2
-
-
-
-
-
4
3
1
1
2
-
-
-
-
1992
13
10
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
3
2
1
-
-
-
1988
13
9
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
2
1
1
1
-
1984
13
7
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
2
2
1
1
1
1980
11
6
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
4
1
1

Third Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
Current
14
5
8
1
2
2
3
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
14
6
7
1
-
2
3
2
3
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
2008
14
6
6
2
-
-
3
2
4
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
2004
14
7
6
1
-
-
-
4
4
1
2
1
-
1
-
-
-
2000
14
6
6
2
-
-
-
-
4
1
2
3
1
1
-
-
-
1996
14
11
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
7
1
1
-
-
-
1992
14
11
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
7
1
1
-
-
-
1988
12
9
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
1
2
-
1
1
1984
12
6
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
4
2
1980
10
6
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
5
2

Fourth Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
current
15
5
9
1
-
5
1
2
3
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
15
5
10
-
-
6
1
2
3
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008
15
6
5
4
-
-
1
2
3
2
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
15
8
5
2
-
-
-
2
3
2
3
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
2000
15
6
5
4
-
-
-
-
3
2
3
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
1996
15
9
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
4
1
1
2
1
2
-
-
-
1992
15
9
3
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
1
3
1
2
-
-
-
1988
11
6
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
4
1
2
1
-
-
1984
11
6
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
1
2
1
-
-
1980
10
4
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
2
2
-
1

Fifth Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
current
17
10
5
2
1
2
4
2
-
2
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
17
10
5
2
-
2
4
2
-
2
-
2
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008
17
13
4
-
-
-
4
2
-
3
3
2
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
17
11
4
2
-
-
-
2
-
3
4
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
17
9
5
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
4
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1996
17
11
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
4
3
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1992
17
11
2
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
3
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1988
16
9
6
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
6
1
1
-
-
-
-
1984
16
7
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
7
1
1
-
-
-
-
1980
14
3
10
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
1
1
2
-
-
1

Note: The 5th Circuit judges who were transferred to the 11th Circuit in 1981 are not included in the 5th Circuit numbers for 1980.

Sixth Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
current
16
10
5
1
-
2
4
4
1
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
16
10
6
-
-
2
4
4
1
2
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2008
16
10
6
-
-
-
4
4
2
3
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2004
16
6
6
4
-
-
-
4
2
3
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2000
16
5
7
4
-
-
-
-
2
3
3
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1996
16
7
6
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
4
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1992
16
9
5
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
5
1
5
-
-
-
-
-
1988
16
10
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
3
5
1
1
-
-
-
1984
16
6
6
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
5
1
1
-
1
-
1980
11
3
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
1
1
1
1
1

Seventh Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current
11
7
3
1
-
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
2012
11
7
3
1
-
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
2008
11
7
3
1
-
-
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
2004
11
8
3
-
-
-
-
1
1
2
1
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
2000
11
8
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
4
3
-
-
-
-
-
1996
11
8
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
4
3
-
-
-
1
-
1992
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
3
1
1
-
1
-
1988
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
3
1
2
-
1
-
1984
11
6
2
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
2
-
1
-
1980
9
4
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
2
2
1

Eighth Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
current
11
8
3
-
1
-
1
5
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
2012
11
9
2
-
-
-
1
6
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
2008
11
9
2
-
-
-
1
6
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
2004
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
6
1
1
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
2000
11
6
4
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
3
2
1
2
-
-
-
1996
11
8
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
3
2
2
-
-
-
1992
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
3
2
-
-
-
1988
10
6
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
2
-
-
1
1984
10
4
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
2
-
1
3
1980
9
3
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
2
3

Ninth Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current
29
9
20
-
2
5
3
4
10
1
-
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
2012
29
9
19
1
-
5
3
4
11
1
-
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
2008
28
11
16
1
-
-
3
4
11
2
2
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
2004
28
8
16
4
-
-
-
4
11
2
2
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
2000
28
7
18
3
-
-
-
-
11
3
4
3
-
4
-
-
-
-
1996
28
10
10
8
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
6
-
6
-
-
-
1
1992
28
14
13
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
7
2
12
-
1
-
1
1988
28
11
14
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
2
13
-
2
-
1
1984
28
8
16
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
15
3
2
-
1
1980
23
7
16
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
3
4
-
1

Note: SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[2] provided for the creation of a 29th seat on the Ninth Circuit in January 2009.

Tenth Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current
12
5
7
-
4
1
2
2
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
12
6
3
3
-
1
2
3
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008
12
8
4
-
-
-
2
4
-
4
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
4
-
4
1
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
2000
12
5
5
2
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
4
-
1
-
-
-
-
1996
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
6
-
1
-
-
-
-
1992
12
7
3
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
6
-
3
-
-
-
-
1988
10
6
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
3
-
-
1
-
1984
10
1
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
1
-
1980
8
3
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
3
1
1

Eleventh Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
current
12
3
6
3
1
2
-
1
3
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
2012
12
4
6
2
-
2
-
1
3
1
2
-
-
-
1
-
-
2008
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
1
3
1
4
1
-
1
1
-
-
2004
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
1
3
1
4
1
-
1
1
-
-
2000
12
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
3
1
4
1
-
1
1
-
-
1996
12
8
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
2
-
1
2
-
-
1992
12
8
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
2
-
3
2
-
-
1988
12
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
6
3
1
-
1984
12
4
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
3
1
1
1980
12
4
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
3
1
1

Note: In 1980, the 11th Circuit had not yet been created, but the judges that were later transferred to the 11th Circuit from the 5th Circuit are shown here.

DC Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current
11
4
7
-
4
-
3
-
-
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
11
5
3
3
-
-
3
-
-
3
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008*
11
6
3
2
-
-
3
-
-
3
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
12
5
4
3
-
-
-
1
-
3
2
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
2000
12
5
4
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
2
3
-
1
-
-
-
-
1996
12
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
2
4
-
2
-
-
-
-
1992
12
7
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
5
-
4
-
-
-
-
1988
12
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
1
4
-
-
1
-
1984
12
3
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
2
1
1980
11
3
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
3
2
2
  • SEC. 509. of the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007[2] eliminated the 12th seat on the D.C. Circuit.

Federal Circuit[edit]

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant BHO
2
BHO
1
GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
current
12
4
7
1
3
3
1
1
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2012
12
5
4
3
-
3
1
1
1
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2008
12
8
4
-
-
-
1
1
3
1
3
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
12
8
4
-
-
-
-
1
3
1
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
12
7
4
1
-
-
-
-
3
1
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1996
12
10
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
5
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1992
12
10
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
3
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
1988
12
7
3
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
2
3
-
1
-
-
1
1984
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
3
1
3
1
1
1
1980
11
6
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
4
1
1
1

Note: The Federal Circuit was created in 1982. The judges that sat on the courts that were combined into the Federal Circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.

Acronym key[edit]

Acronym President Term Date range
BHO 2 Barack Obama second January 20, 2013 – present
BHO 1 Barack Obama first January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2013
GWB 2 George W. Bush second January 20, 2005 – January 20, 2009
GWB 1 George W. Bush first January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2005
WJC 2 Bill Clinton second January 20, 1997 – January 20, 2001
WJC 1 Bill Clinton first January 20, 1993 – January 20, 1997
GHWB George H. W. Bush only January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993
RWR 2 Ronald Reagan second January 20, 1985 – January 20, 1989
RWR 1 Ronald Reagan first January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1985
JEC Jimmy Carter only January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981
RMN/GRF Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford split January 20, 1973 – January 20, 1977
RMN 1 Richard Nixon first January 20, 1969 – January 20, 1973
LBJ Lyndon Johnson second January 20, 1965 – January 20, 1969
JFK/LBJ John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson split January 20, 1961 – January 20, 1965
DDE 2 Dwight Eisenhower second January 20, 1957 – January 20, 1961
DDE 1 Dwight Eisenhower first January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1957
HST 2 Harry Truman second January 20, 1949 – January 20, 1953
FDR/HST Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman split January 20, 1945 – January 20, 1949
FDR 3 Franklin Roosevelt third January 20, 1941 – January 20, 1945
FDR 2 Franklin Roosevelt second January 20, 1937 – January 20, 1941
FDR 1 Franklin Roosevelt first March 4, 1933 – January 20, 1937
HCH Herbert Hoover only March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933
JCC Calvin Coolidge second March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929
WGH/JCC Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge split March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1925
TWW 2 Woodrow Wilson second March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1921
TWW 1 Woodrow Wilson first March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1917
WHT William Howard Taft only March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The U.S. Courts of Appeals and the Federal Judiciary". History of the Federal Judiciary. Federal Judicial Center. July 18, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Court Security Improvement Act of 2007

External links[edit]