||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (October 2008)|
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|Duties to the court|
|Duties to the profession|
|Sources of law|
|Penalties for misconduct|
Judicial misconduct occurs when a judge acts in ways that are considered unethical or otherwise violate the judge's obligations of impartial conduct.
Actions that can be classified as judicial misconduct include: conduct prejudicial to the effective and expeditious administration of the business of the courts; using the judge's office to obtain special treatment for friends or relatives; accepting bribes, gifts, or other personal favors related to the judicial office; having improper discussions with parties or counsel for one side in a case; treating litigants or attorneys in a demonstrably egregious and hostile manner; violating other specific, mandatory standards of judicial conduct, such as judicial rules of procedure or evidence, or those pertaining to restrictions on outside income and requirements for financial disclosure; and acting outside the jurisdiction of the court, or performance of official duties if the conduct might have a prejudicial effect on the administration of the business of the courts among reasonable people. Rules of official misconduct also include rules concerning disability, which is a temporary or permanent condition rendering judge unable to discharge the duties of the particular judicial office.
A judicial investigative committee is a panel of judges selected to investigate a judicial misconduct complaint against a judge accused of judicial misconduct. Judicial investigative committees are rarely appointed. According to U.S. Court statistics, only 18 of the 1,484 judicial misconduct complaints filed in the United States Courts between September 2004 and September 2007 warranted the formation of judicial investigative committees.
- Judicial Misconduct Rules – United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
- From nude photos to lying: Federal judges under scrutiny Houston Chronicle, October 13, 2008
- Judicial Complaints – United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- Judicial Misconduct:Judges Behaving Badly, by Michael Paul Thomas – CLE document
- Judicial Misconduct – Site specializing in news on the topic
- Where to Report Misconduct in..., U.S. Office of Government Ethics – guide to filing complaints
- Arizona Commission on Judicial Conduct
- California Commission on Judicial Performance
- Filing a Complaint Against a Judge, Indiana Commission on Judicial Conduct
- Massachusetts Commission on Judicial Conduct
- Tennessee Board of Judicial Conduct
- Texas State Commission on Judicial Conduct
- Frequently Asked Questions, Washington State Commission on Judicial Conduct
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