Judith Lewis Herman
|Judith Lewis Herman|
|Known for||Research on complex post-traumatic stress disorder and incest|
Herman is Professor of clinical psychiatry at Harvard University Medical School and Director of Training at the Victims of Violence Program in the Department of Psychiatry at the Cambridge Health Alliance in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and a founding member of the Women’s Mental Health Collective.
She was the recipient of the 1996 Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and the 2000 Woman in Science Award from the American Medical Women's Association. In 2003 she was named a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association.
Judith Herman is best known for her distinctive contributions to the understanding of trauma and its victims , as set out in her second book, the now classic study of the diagnostic category post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) , Trauma and Recovery. There she distinguishes between single-incident traumas - one-off events - which she termed Type I traumas, and complex or repeated traumas (Type II). Type I trauma, according to the United States Veterans Administration's Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, "accurately describes the symptoms that result when a person experiences a short-lived psychological trauma. Type II - the concept of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) - includes "the syndrome that follows upon prolonged, repeated trauma." Although not accepted by DSM-IV as a separate diagnostic category, the notion of complex traumas has been found useful in clinical practice.
Herman equally influentially set out a three-stage sequence of trauma treatment and recovery. The first involved regaining a sense of safety, whether through a therapeutic relationship, medication, relaxation exercises or a combination of all three. The second phase involved active work upon the trauma, fostered by that secure base, and employing any of a range of psychological techniques. The final stage was represented by an advance to a new post-traumatic life, possibly broadened by the experience of surviving the trauma and all it involved.
Herman was interviewed by Harry Kreisler, Executive Director of the Institute of International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley, for his ongoing series Conversations with History at the Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley. She is currently working on a study into the effects of the justice system on victims of sexual violence, with a view to discovering a better way for victims of crimes to be allowed to interact with what she perceives as an 'adversarial' system of crime and punishment in the U.S.
- Herman, Judith Lewis (1997). Trauma and recovery: The aftermath of violence from domestic abuse to political terror ((Previous ed.: 1992) ed.). Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-08730-2.
- Herman, Judith Lewis (2000). Father-Daughter Incest ((Previous ed.: 1981) ed.). Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-00270-9.
- Dutra L, Callahan K, Forman E, Mendelsohn M, Herman J. Core schemas and suicidality in a chronically traumatized population. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Jan; 196(1):71-4.
- Herman JL. Justice from the victim's perspective. Violence Against Women. 2005 May; 11(5):571-602.
- Herman JL. The mental health of crime victims: impact of legal intervention. J Trauma Stress. 2003 Apr; 16(2):159-66.
- John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p 302
- John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p 12 and p 02
- Whealin,Ph.D., Julia M.; Slone,Ph.D., Laurie (2007-05-22). "National Center for PTSD Fact Sheet: Complex PTSD". National Center for PTSD, United States Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- Herman, JL (1997). Trauma and recovery: The aftermath of violence from domestic abuse to political terror. Basic Books. p. 119.
- John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p. 304
- D. Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (1996) p. 210-11
- John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p. 182
- D. Goleman, Emotional Intelligence (1996) p. 213
- John Marzillier, To Hell and Back (2012) p. 256
- "Conversation with History; Dr. Judith Lewis Herman". Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies. UC Berkeley. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
- "Justice from the Victim's Perspective" - Lecture given at Wesleyen University, 10th May, 2010
- "Conversations with History: The Case of Trauma and Recovery Psychological Insight and Political Understanding with Judith Herman" - Interview with Harry Kreisler from the University of Berkeley, 30 October, 2010