List of judo techniques

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This page is a list of judo techniques. There are a variety of techniques recognized by Kodokan (講道館) judo (柔道) and other budō (武道). Below is a partial list, organized by technique type and alphabetically within type.

Nage-waza (投げ技): throwing techniques[edit]

Media related to Judo Nage-waza at Wikimedia Commons


Te-waza (手技): hand throwing techniques[edit]

  1. Ippon seoinage (本背負い投げ, or 本背負投): One arm shoulder throw
  2. Kata guruma (肩車): Shoulder wheel
  3. Kibisu gaeshi (踵返): One-hand reversal
  4. Morote gari (双手刈): Two-hand reap
  5. Obi otoshi (帯落): Belt drop
  6. Seoi nage (背負い投げ, or 背負投): Lifting shoulder throw or back carry throw
  7. Seoi otoshi (背負落): Kneeling shoulder drop
  8. Sukui nage (掬投): Scoop throw
  9. Sumi otoshi (隅落): Corner drop
  10. Tai otoshi (體落): Body drop
  11. Uchi mata sukashi (内股透): Inner thigh void throw
  12. Uki otoshi (浮落): Floating drop
  13. Yama arashi (山嵐): Mountain storm
  14. Kouchi gaeshi (小内返): Small inner reap reversal
Unrecognized technique
  1. Te Guruma (手車)

Koshi-waza (腰技): hip throwing techniques[edit]

  1. Daki age (抱上): Hugging high lift. (Forbidden in competition.)
  2. Hane goshi (跳腰): Spring hip throw
  3. Harai goshi (払腰): Sweeping hip throw
  4. Koshi guruma (腰車): Hip wheel
  5. O goshi (大腰): Full hip throw
  6. Sode tsurikomi goshi (袖釣込腰): Sleeve lifting and pulling hip throw
  7. Tsuri goshi (釣腰): Lifting hip throw
  8. Tsurikomi goshi (釣込腰): Lifting and pulling hip throw
  9. Uki goshi (浮腰): Floating half-hip throw
  10. Ushiro goshi (後腰): Rear throw
  11. Utsuri goshi (移腰): Hip shift
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Tobi goshi (飛腰): Flying/surfing hip throw
  2. Ushiro Guruma(後車): Rear wheel

Ashi-waza (足技): foot throwing techniques[edit]

  1. Ashi guruma (足車): Leg wheel
  2. De Ashi Barai (出足払): Advanced foot sweep
  3. Hane goshi gaeshi (跳腰返): Hip spring counter
  4. Harai goshi gaeshi (払腰返): Hip sweep counter
  5. Harai tsurikomi ashi (払釣込足): Lift-pull foot sweep
  6. Hiza guruma (膝車): Knee wheel
  7. Kosoto gake (小外掛): Small outer hook
  8. Kosoto gari (小外刈): Small outer reap
  9. Kouchi gari (小内刈): Small inner reap
  10. O guruma (大車): Large wheel
  11. Okuri Ashi Barai (送足払): Sliding foot sweep
  12. Osoto gaeshi (大外返): Big outer reap counter
  13. Osoto gari (大外刈): Big outer reap
  14. Osoto guruma (大外車): Big outer wheel
  15. Osoto otoshi (大外落): Big outer drop
  16. Ouchi gaeshi (大内返): Big inner reap counter
  17. Ouchi gari (大内刈): Big inner reap
  18. Sasae tsurikomi ashi (支釣込足): Propping and drawing ankle throw
  19. Tsubame gaeshi (燕返): Swallow counter
  20. Uchi mata (内股): Inner-thigh
  21. Uchi mata gaeshi (内股返): Inner-thigh counter

Sutemi-waza (捨身技): sacrifice techniques[edit]

Ma-sutemi (真捨身技): forward sacrifice projections[edit]

  1. Hikikomi gaeshi (引込返): Pulling in reversal
  2. Sumi gaeshi (隅返): Corner reversal
  3. Tawara gaeshi (俵返): Rice bag reversal throw
  4. Tomoe nage (巴投): Circle throw
  5. Ura nage (裏投): Rear throw

Yoko-sutemi (橫捨身技): side sacrifice projections[edit]

  1. Daki wakare (抱分): High separation
  2. Hane makikomi (跳巻込): Springing wraparound
  3. Harai makikomi (払巻込): Hip sweep wraparound
  4. Kani basami (蟹挟): Crab or scissors throw. (Forbidden in competition.)
  5. Kawazu gake (河津掛): One-leg entanglement. (Forbidden in competition.)
  6. Osoto makikomi (大外巻込): Big outer wraparound
  7. Soto makikomi (外巻込): Outer wraparound
  8. Tani otoshi (谷落): Valley drop
  9. Uchi makikomi (内巻込): Inner wraparound
  10. Uchi mata makikomi (内股巻込): Inner thigh wraparound
  11. Uki waza (浮技): Floating drop
  12. Yoko gake (横掛): Side prop
  13. Yoko guruma (横車): Side wheel
  14. Yoko otoshi (横落): Side drop
  15. Yoko wakare (横分): Side separation
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Tama guruma (彈車):Jade wheel
  2. Ude gaeshi (腕返): Arm reversal
  3. Yoko Tomoe Nage (横巴投): Side circle throw

Katame-waza: grappling techniques[edit]

Turtle turnovers[edit]

  1. Daki Wakare
Unrecognized techniques

Guard sweeps:

  1. Elevator Sweep
  2. Push Sweep

Guard passes:

  1. Near knee guard pass
  2. Simple guard pass
  3. Stacking guard pass

Turtle turnovers:

  1. Turtle Flip Over
  2. Ura-gatame (裹固)

Back mount:

  1. Back Mount Escape
  2. Foot lock counter to rear-mounted position

Osaekomi-waza (押込技): pins or matholds[edit]

  1. Kami-shiho-gatame (上四方固): Upper four quarter hold down
  2. Kata-gatame (肩固): Shoulder hold
  3. Kesa-gatame (袈裟固): Scarf hold
  4. Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame (崩上四方固): Broken upper four quarter hold down
  5. Kuzure-kesa-gatame (崩袈裟固): Broken scarf hold
  6. Tate-shiho-gatame (縦四方固): Vertical four quarter hold
  7. Yoko-shiho-gatame (横四方固): Side four quarter hold
  8. Ura-gatame (裹固) (1/1/2014 this is now recognized as a valid competition technique)
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Uki-gatame (浮固): Floating hold
  2. Ura-kesa-gatame (裹袈裟固)
  3. Ushiro-kesa-gatame (後袈裟固): Reverse Scarf Hold. The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as kuzure-kesa-gatame.[1]
  4. Sangaku-Gatame : Triangular Hold (三角固)

Shime-waza (絞技): chokes or strangles[edit]

  1. Do-jime (胴絞): Trunk strangle. Do-jime is a prohibited technique in Judo,[1] and is considered a 'slight infringement' according to IJF rules, Section 27: Prohibited acts and penalties, article 21[2]
  2. Gyaku Jūji-jime (逆十字絞): Reverse cross strangle
  3. Hadaka-jime (裸絞): Naked strangle
  4. Kata-ha-jime (片羽絞): Single wing strangle
  5. Kata-juji-jime (片十字絞): Half cross strangle
  6. Kata-te-jime (片手絞): One-hand strangle
  7. Nami-juji-jime (並十字絞): Normal cross strangle
  8. Okuri-eri-jime (送襟絞): Sliding lapel strangle
  9. Ryo-te-jime (両手絞): Two-hand strangle
  10. Sankaku-jime (三角絞): Triangular strangle, triangle choke
  11. Sode-guruma-jime (袖車絞): Sleeve wheel strangle (Eziquiel/Ezekiel choke)
  12. Tsukkomi-jime (突込絞): Thrust choke
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Jigoku-jime (地獄絞): Hell strangle[3]
  2. Ura-juji-jime (裹十字絞)

Kansetsu-waza (関節技): joint locks[edit]

  1. Ashi-garami (足絡): Leg entanglement. (Forbidden in competition.)
  2. Ude-garami (腕絡): Arm entanglement or "figure-four" key lock
  3. Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame (腕挫足固): Side-lying arm bar
  4. Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame (腕挫腹固): Side-extended arm bar, lower stomach against opponent's elbow.
  5. Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame (腕挫膝固): Knee arm bar.
  6. Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame (腕挫十字固): Back-lying perpendicular arm bar.
  7. Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame (腕挫三角固): Triangular strangle, using the legs.
  8. Ude-hishigi-te-gatame (腕挫手固):
  9. Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame (腕挫腕固):
  10. Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame (腕挫腋固):
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Ashi-Dori-Garame: Entangled leg dislocation
  2. Hiza-Hishigi: Knee crush
  3. Ashi-hishigi (足挫): Straight ankle lock
  4. Sankaku-garami (三角絡): Triangular entanglement[4][5][6]

Atemi-waza (当て身技): body-striking techniques[edit]

Although taught within kata (型 or 形) and sometimes used within informal randori (乱取), striking techniques are forbidden in standard judo competitions.


  1. Mae-ate: Front knee
  2. Mae-geri: Front kick
  3. Naname-geri: Roundhouse Kick
  4. Taka-geri: High front kick
  5. Ushiro-geri: Backward kick
  6. Yoko-geri: Side kick

Ude-Ate-waza: arm striking techniques[edit]

  1. Empi-uchi: Elbow blow
  2. Kami-ate: Upward blow
  3. Kirioroshi: Downward knife hand blow
  4. Naname-ate: Front crossing blow
  5. Naname-uchi: Slanting knife hand blow
  6. Ryogan-tsuki: throat strike - Strike both eyes with fingertips
  7. Shimo-tsuki: Downward blow
  8. Tsukiage: Uppercut
  9. Tsukidashi: Stomach punch with fingertips
  10. Tsukkake: Straight punch
  11. Uchioroshi: Downward strike
  12. Ushiro-ate: Rear elbow strike
  13. Ushiro-sumi-tsuki: Rear corner blow
  14. Ushiro-tsuki: Rear blow
  15. Ushiro-uchi: Rear blow
  16. Yoko-ate: Side blow
  17. Yoko-uchi: Side blow

Uke-waza (blocks and parries)[edit]

  1. Tenkan: Outside turning

Ukemi (receiving techniques or breakfall techniques)[edit]

  1. Zempo Kaiten: Forward roll
  2. Mae ukemi: Forward breakfall
  3. Ushiro ukemi: Backward breakfall
  4. Yoko ukemi: Sideways breakfall

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Kodokan Judo Institute. Kodokan.Org classification of techniques. www.kodokan.org. URL last accessed March 4, 2006.
  2. ^ International Judo Federation.IJF Referee Rules. www.ijf.org. URL last accessed March 5, 2006
  3. ^ Wolfe, David. The David Brent Wolfe Dictionary of Japanese Martial Art Terms. pages.prodigy.net. URL last accessed February 11, 2006.
  4. ^ Inokuma, Isao; Sato, Nobuyuki (1987). Best Judo. Kodansha America. ISBN 0-87011-786-6. 
  5. ^ United States Judo association. Exam for all senior Judo ranks. www.uky.edu. URL last accessed February 5, 2006.
  6. ^ Judo-club Hadamar. Judo von A - Z. www.judoclubhadamar.de. URL last accessed February 5, 2006. (In German)

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]