Judy Collins performing at The Bromeley Family Theater in Bradford, Pennsylvania, on February 5, 2009
|Birth name||Judith Marjorie Collins|
|Born||May 1, 1939|
|Genres||Rock and roll, Pop, Folk|
|Occupations||Singer, songwriter, musician, actress|
|Instruments||Vocals, piano, guitar|
Mesa Bluemoon/Rhino/Atlantic Records
|Associated acts||Leonard Cohen
Judith Marjorie "Judy" Collins (born May 1, 1939) is an American singer and songwriter known for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk, show tunes, pop, rock and roll and standards) and for her social activism. She is an alumna of MacMurray College, Jacksonville, Illinois.
Musical career 
Collins was born in Seattle, Washington, where she spent the first ten years of her life. Her father took a job in Denver in 1949, and the family moved to Colorado. Collins studied classical piano with Antonia Brico, making her public debut at age 13, performing Mozart's Concerto for Two Pianos. Brico took a dim view, both then and later, of Collins's developing interest in folk music, which led her to the difficult decision to discontinue her piano lessons. Years later, when Collins had become internationally known through her music, she invited Brico to one of her concerts in Denver. When they met after the performance, Brico took both of Collins' hands in hers, looked wistfully at her fingers and said, "Little Judy—you really could have gone places." Still later, Collins discovered that Brico herself had made a living when she was younger playing jazz and ragtime piano (Singing Lessons, pp. 71–72). She also had the fortune of meeting many musicians through her blind father, a Seattle radio program host.
It was the music of Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger, and the traditional songs of the folk revival of the early 1960s, however, that piqued Collins' interest and awoke in her a love of lyrics. Three years after her debut as a piano prodigy, she was playing guitar. Her music became popular at the University of Connecticut, where her husband taught. She performed at parties and for the campus radio station along with David Grisman and Tom Azarian. She eventually made her way to Greenwich Village, New York City, where she busked and played in clubs until she signed with Elektra Records, a record label she was associated with for 35 years. In 1961, Collins released her first album, A Maid of Constant Sorrow, at the age of 22.
At first she sang traditional folk songs or songs written by others — in particular the protest poets of the time, such as Tom Paxton, Phil Ochs, and Bob Dylan. She recorded her own versions of important songs from the period, such as Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" and Pete Seeger's "Turn, Turn, Turn". Collins was also instrumental in bringing little-known musicians to a wider public. For example, she recorded songs by Canadian poet Leonard Cohen, who became a close friend over the years. She also recorded songs by singer-songwriters such as Eric Andersen, Ian Tyson, Joni Mitchell, Randy Newman, Robin Williamson and Richard Fariña long before they gained national acclaim. 
While Collins' first few albums comprised straightforward guitar-based folk songs, with 1966's In My Life, she began branching out and including work from such diverse sources as The Beatles, Leonard Cohen, Jacques Brel, and Kurt Weill. Mark Abramson produced and Joshua Rifkin arranged the album, adding lush orchestration to many of the numbers. The album was regarded as a major departure for a folk artist and set the course for Collins' subsequent work over the next decade.
With her 1967 album Wildflowers, also produced by Mark Abramson and arranged by Rifkin, Collins began to record her own compositions, beginning with "Since You've Asked". The album also provided Collins with a major hit, and a Grammy award, in Mitchell's "Both Sides, Now", which reached Number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Collins' 1968 album, Who Knows Where the Time Goes, was produced by David Anderle and featured back-up guitar by Stephen Stills (of Crosby, Stills & Nash), with whom she was romantically involved at the time. (She was the inspiration for Stills's CSN classic "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes"). Time Goes had a mellow country sound, and included Ian Tyson's "Someday Soon" and the title track written by the UK singer-songwriter Sandy Denny. The album also featured Collins' composition "My Father" and one of the first covers of Leonard Cohen's "Bird on the Wire".
By the 1970s Collins had a solid reputation as an art song singer and folksinger and had begun to stand out for her own compositions. She was also known for her broad range of material: her songs from this period include the traditional Christian hymn "Amazing Grace", the Stephen Sondheim Broadway ballad "Send in the Clowns" (both of which were top 20 hits as singles), a recording of Joan Baez's "A Song for David", and her own compositions, such as "Born to the Breed".
In the 1970s Collins guest starred on The Muppet Show, where she sang "Leather-Winged Bat", "I Know An Old Lady who Swallowed a Fly", "Do Re Mi" and "Send in the Clowns". She also appeared several times on Sesame Street, where she performed "Fishermen's Song" with a chorus of Anything Muppet fishermen, sang a trio with Biff and Sully using the word "yes", and even starred in a modern musical fairy tale skit called "The Sad Princess".
In more recent years Collins has taken to writing, producing a memoir, Trust Your Heart, in 1987, and a novel, Shameless. A more recent memoir, Sanity and Grace, tells of her son Clark's death in January 1992. With help from her manager Katherine DePaul she started Wildflower Records. Though her record sales are not what they once were, she still records and tours in the U.S., Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. She performed at President Bill Clinton's first inauguration in 1993, singing "Amazing Grace" and "Chelsea Morning". (The Clintons have stated that they named their daughter, Chelsea, after Collins' recording of the song.) In 2006, she sang "This Little Light of Mine" in a commercial for Eliot Spitzer.
In 2008 she oversaw an album featuring artists ranging from Dolly Parton and Joan Baez to Rufus Wainwright and Chrissie Hynde covering her compositions; she also released a collection of The Beatles covers, and she received an honorary doctorate from Pratt Institute on May 18 of that year. In 2010, Collins sang "The Weight of the World" at the Newport Folk Festival, a song by Amy Speace.
Like many other folk singers of her generation, Collins was drawn to social activism. Her political idealism also led her to compose a ballad entitled "Che" in honor of the 1960s Marxist icon Che Guevara.
Collins sympathized with the Yippie movement, and was friendly with its leaders, Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin. On March 17, 1968, she attended Hoffman's press conference at the Americana Hotel in New York to announce the party's formation. In 1969, she testified in Chicago in support of the Chicago Seven; during her testimony, she began singing Pete Seeger's "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?", and was admonished by prosecutor Tom Foran and judge Julius Hoffman.
Personal life 
Collins contracted polio at the age of eleven and spent two months in hospital in isolation.
Collins has been married twice. Her first marriage in 1958 to Peter Taylor produced her only child, Clark C. Taylor. The marriage ended in divorce in 1965.
Collins later admitted having suffered from bulimia after she quit smoking in the 1970s. "I went straight from the cigarettes into an eating disorder", she told People magazine in 1992. "I started throwing up. I didn't know anything about bulimia, certainly not that it is an addiction or that it would get worse. My feelings about myself, even though I had been able to give up smoking and lose 20 lbs., were of increasing despair." She has written at length of her years of addiction to alcohol, the damage it did to her personal and musical life and how it contributed to her feelings of depression. She says that although she tried other drugs in the 1960s, alcohol was always her drug of first choice, just as it had been for her father. She entered a rehabilitation program in Pennsylvania in 1978, and has maintained her sobriety ever since, even through such traumatic events as the death of her only child, Clark, who committed suicide in 1992 at age 33, after a long bout with clinical depression and substance abuse. Since his death, she has also become a strong advocate of suicide prevention.
In April 1996, she married designer and fellow activist Louis Nelson, whom she had been seeing since 1979. They live together in New York City.
Awards and recognition 
- Grammy Award, Best Folk Performance or Folk Recording, "Both Sides Now", 1968
- Stephen Sondheim won a Grammy Award for Song of the Year, "Send in the Clowns", in 1975, it was believed, largely on the strength of Collins' performance of the song on her album Judith
- Nominated with Jill Godmilow for an Academy Award for the documentary "Antonia: A Portrait of the Woman" (1975), about her classical piano instructor, conductor Antonia Brico.
- Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree from Pratt Institute, May 2009
Charted singles 
|Year||Song||US Hot 100||US A.C.||Album|
|1967||"Hard Lovin' Loser"||97||–||In My Life|
|1968||"Both Sides, Now"||8||3||Wildflowers|
|1969||"Someday Soon"||55||37||Who Knows Where the Time Goes|
|1969||"Chelsea Morning"||78||25||(single only)|
|1969||"Turn! Turn! Turn!/To Everything There Is A Season"||69||28||Recollections|
|1970||"Amazing Grace"||15||5||Whales & Nightingales|
|1971||"Open The Door (Song For Judith)"||90||23||Living|
|1973||"Cook With Honey"||32||10||True Stories and Other Dreams|
|1973||"Secret Gardens"||122||–||True Stories and Other Dreams|
|1975||"Send In The Clowns"||36||8||Judith|
|1977||"Send In The Clowns" (re-release)||19||15||Judith|
|1979||"Hard Times For Lovers"||66||16||Hard Times for Lovers|
|1984||"Home Again" (duet with T. G. Sheppard)||–||42||Home Again|
|1990||"Fires Of Eden"||–||31||Fires Of Eden|
- Baby's Bedtime (1992)
- Baby's Morningtime (1992)
- Junior (1994), playing the operator of a spa for pregnant women opposite Arnold Schwarzenegger
- Christmas at the Biltmore Estate (1998)
- A Town Has Turned to Dust (1998), telefilm based on a Rod Serling science-fiction story
- The Best of Judy Collins (1999)
- Intimate Portrait: Judy Collins (2000)
- Judy Collins Live at Wolf Trap (2003)
- Wildflower Festival (2003) (DVD with guest artists Eric Andersen, Arlo Guthrie, and Tom Rush)
- Girls (TV, 2013), series 2, episode 8: "It's Back"
- Trust Your Heart (1987)
- Amazing Grace (1991)
- Shameless (1995)
- Singing Lessons (1998)
- Sanity and Grace: A Journey of Suicide, Survival and Strength (2003)
- The Seven T's : Finding Hope and Healing in the Wake of Tragedy (2007)
- Sweet Judy Blue Eyes : my life in music (2011) ISBN 0-307-71734-8 OCLC 699763852
See also 
- Malkoski, Paul A. (2012). The Denver Folk Music Tradition: An Unplugged History, from Harry Tuft to Swallow Hill and Beyond. The History Press. p. 52. ISBN 1609495322.
- Time "Striking a Chord" Accessed April 12, 2008
- "Reviews of new albums". Billboard. November 27, 1961. p. 28.
- Simmons, Sylvie (2012). I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen. McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0771080409.
- Courrier, Kevin (2005). Randy Newman: American Dreams. ECW Press. pp. 65–66. ISBN 1550226908.
- In My Life review at Allmusic. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- "Judy Collins". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- "Judy Collins Concert: Has Fans Gentle on Her Mind". Billboard. May 24, 1969. p. 22.
- Santosuosso, Ernie (May 11, 1975). "Judy Collins' flight of fancy". Boston Globe.
- Garlen, Jennnifer C.; Graham, Anissa M. (2009). Kermit Culture: Critical Perspectives on Jim Henson's Muppets. McFarland & Company. p. 218. ISBN 078644259X.
- Ann, Lolordo (August 13, 1977). "Judy Collins changing styles". Lodi News-Sentinel.
- Woolery, George W. (1989). Animated TV Specials. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810821982.
- Clark, Eric (October 12, 2008). "After spinning others' songs into gold, Judy Collins gets tribute album of her own works". Gazette, The (Cedar Rapids-Iowa City, IA).
- "Amy Speace On Mountain Stage". NPR Music. August 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-26. "Judy Collins, who chose Speace as the first artist on her Wildflower label, has been singing her song "The Weight of the World" at prominent venues of late, including the 50th anniversary of the Newport Folk Festival and the Isle of Wight. The Mountain Stage band also returns with vocalist Julie Adams to perform the Sam Cooke number "Ain't That Good News"."
- "Independent Music Awards". Independent Music Awards. 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- "Top40-Charts.com". Top40-Charts.com. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- "Past Judges". Independent Music Awards. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- Blundell, Graeme. "Bang a gong as Rockwiz turns 10". The Australian. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Collins doesn't rest on laurels but looks for songs' surprises by John Soeder, Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 26, 2009
- "Testimony of Judy Collins in the Chicago Seven Trial". Law.umkc.edu. 1968-08-19. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
- Brozan, Nadine (1996-07-09). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-01.Roos, John (1996-01-26). "Taking a Novel Approach; A Grieving Judy Collins Finds Writing a Book Helps the Healing Process". Los Angeles Times. p. 30. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- "Judy Collins has painful talk about suicide". MSNBC Online. Associated Press. 2008-03-25.
- BY: Interview by Wendy Schuman (2011-02-17). "Judy Collins tells Beliefnet how she used meditation and prayer to cope with illness and her son's suicide.". Beliefnet.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "Biography for Judy Collins". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Judy Collins (October 1998). Singing lessons: a memoir of love, loss, hope, and healing. Simon and Schuster. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-671-00397-5. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- Judy Collins (October 1998). Singing lessons: a memoir of love, loss, hope, and healing. Simon and Schuster. p. 172-190, 238-240. ISBN 978-0-671-00397-5. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- Brady, Louis Smith (1996-04-21). "Weddings: Vows; Judy Collins, Louis Nelson". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- imdb Kalen Keach bio
- TPR Staff. "Send in the Collins". Times Press Recorder. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Judy Collins|
- Official website
- Wildflower Records
- Audio interview with Judy Collins
- Audio interview, Minnesota Public Radio 7 April 2009
- Judy Collins at the Internet Movie Database
- "Basking in the Afterglow of a Tribute Album" by John Soeder, Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 24, 2009
- Listen or Watch Woodsongs archived show 549: Performs and is interviewed by Michael Johnathon before a live audience on October 12, 2009; 83 minutes.
|First Amendment Center/AMA "Spirit of Americana" Free Speech Award