Jugal Kishore Birla

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Sheth Jugal Kishore Birla (1883–1967) was scion of Birla family and eldest son of Baldeo Das Birla. He was a noted industrialist, philanthropist and vocal supporter of Hindu philosophy.[1]


He started his business career at an early age, joining his father Baldeodas Birla in Calcutta and soon came to be known as reputed trader and speculator in opium, silver, spice and other trades from which Birlas later diversified into trading of Jute and other items like cotton during and after World War I, by which time his younger brother Ghanshyam Das Birla had also joined the business. The family firm, which was till 1918 was run as Baldeodas Jugalkishore, was made into limited company known as Birla Brothers Limited.[1][2]

When at one point of time in early career of his life Ghanshyam Das Birla, suffered heavy losses and had decided to sell the mill to Andrew Yule group, Jugal Kishore stood by him and told him not to worry about money but to run the mill as efficiently as he could, which led to revival of Birla Jute,[2] now the flagship company of Aditya Birla Group.

Although Jugal Kishore started his business life from Calcutta, later he shifted to Delhi and lived in Birla House[3] till his death.


Jugal Kishore Birla was an Hindu activist and donated monies to various Hindu organizations of India like Hindu Mahasabha, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh[4][5][6][7][8] at the same time supporting finances of Mahatma Gandhi and Indian National Congress and India's freedom movement,[9] which were looked after together by Ghanshaymdas Birla and others.[10][11]

In 1920 he along with his brother Ghanshaym Das donated funds to start girls school under their private trust a school named Marwari Balika Vidyalaya, which has now grown into the noted Shri Shikshayatan School and Shri Shikshayatan College.[12]

He was devoted follower of Mahatma Gandhi and took personal interest also apart from donating funds for relief and charity works.[13]

He spent much of his personal wealth in building Hindu temples known as Birla Temples and dharamshalas across major metropolitan towns of India and promotion of schools and universities and hospitals.[10][14][15][16] and adopting many villages in times of famine and natural disasters.[17][18][19][20]

In his old age, he took the leading role to fulfill the unfinished dream of Madan Mohan Malaviya of building Krishna Janmabhoomi Kesava Deo Temple. He donated a major sum and formed a private trust in 1951 to which the rights of land were later transferred, and temple works begin to be inaugurated in 1965, for which he is fondly remembered by believers of Hindu religion.[21][22] In his old age he also donated initial funds for building of Vivekananda Rock Memorial and also arranged for further funds for the project from his brothers, the construction of which, however, began several years after his death.[15]

Jugal Kishore died in 1967,[1] without any issues and left his wealth to religious trusts and philanthropy.[23]

Some noted philanthropic works[edit]