Jugular foramen

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Jugular foramen
Base of skull. Inferior surface. (label for jugular foramen is at right, third from the bottom)
Latin Foramen jugulare
Gray's p.181
TA A02.1.00.054
FMA FMA:56432
Anatomical terminology

The jugular foramen is a large aperture in the base of the skull. It is located behind the carotid canal and is formed in front by the petrous portion of the temporal, and behind by the occipital; it is generally larger on the right than on the left side.


The jugular foramen may be subdivided into three compartments, each with their own contents.

An alternative imaging based subclassification exists, delineated by the jugular spine which is a bony ridge partially separating the jugular foramen into two parts:

Clinical significance[edit]

Obstruction can result in "Vernet's syndrome".[1][2]

Additional images[edit]


  1. ^ "Parapharyngeal Masses: Their Diagnosis and Management". 
  2. ^ Erol FS, Kaplan M, Kavakli A, Ozveren MF (June 2005). "Jugular foramen syndrome caused by choleastatoma". Clin Neurol Neurosurg 107 (4): 342–6. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2004.08.006. PMID 15885397. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.