The 2000s saw a rise in Chicago Juke, a faster variant of ghetto house which began forming in the late 1980s. Chicago Juke songs are generally around 150-160 BPM with kick drums, usually in a One-And-Two A-And-Four style pattern[clarification needed], pounding rapidly (and at times very sparsely) in syncopation with crackling snares, claps, and other sounds reminiscent of old drum machines. The production style is often markedly low-fi, much like Baile Funk. Chicago Juke evolved to match the energy of footwork, a dance style born in the disparate ghettos, house parties and underground dance competitions of Chicago. RP Boo, a former footwork dancer, is generally credited with making the first songs that fall within the canon Living hand in hand with juke music, footwork is one of the last untapped (and resultantly, unfiltered) hood dance music styles in the world. Footwork is a controlled and complex moving of the feet at high speeds, a modern form of house dance footwork and breakdancing footwork. Producers in the Chicago Juke and booty house genre include Dude 'n Nem, DJ Slugo, DJ Chip, DJ Nate, DJ Tha Pope, and DJ Rashad & Spinn. Teklife is arguably the most prominent collective in the modern day footwork scene.
In December 2005, DJ Gant-Man became the first DJ/producer to have a Chicago Juke house remix for a major artist on a major label with his remix for Beyonce's "Check on It" featuring Slim Thug on Columbia/Sony Records. It has helped bring Chicago Juke into the mainstream.
Juke/footwork has been popular in the clubs of Europe particularly in Paris and Brussels for a number of years with the Booty Call club nights and artists such as Kill Frenzy and DJ Hilti putting out releases via the Juke Trax label. It has however only recently begun to flourish in UK clubs, due to the "Bangs and Works Volume 1" compilation on the Planet Mu label. Though earlier releases by DJ Slugo can be found on UK label WIDE, Planet Mu were the first to grab any media attention. Hyperdub has also been a recent heavy supporter of juke and footwork, releasing a multitude of DJ Rashad's material.