Jules Joseph Lefebvre

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Jules Joseph Lefebvre
Jules Lefebvre in his studio.

Jules Joseph Lefebvre (French: [ʒyl ʒɔzɛf ləfɛːvʁ]) (1836–1911) was a French figure painter, educator and theorist.

Early life[edit]

Lefebvre was born in Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March 1836.[1] He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.

Career[edit]

He won the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898, he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. In 1891, he became a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.

He was an instructor at the Académie Julian in Paris. Lefebvre is chiefly important as an excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand Khnopff, Kenyon Cox,[2] Félix Vallotton, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart,[3] Georges Rochegrosse, the Scottish-born landscape painter William Hart, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an American Impressionist painter.[4]

Many of his paintings are single figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of M. L. Reynaud and the Prince Imperial (1874).[2]

Lefebvre died in Paris, on 24 February 1911.[1]

Significant milestones[edit]

Selected works[edit]

La Vérité (1870), oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. The painting is contemporary with the first small scale model made by Lefebvre's fellow-Frenchman Frédéric Bartholdi for what became the Statue of Liberty, striking a similar pose, though fully clothed.
Japonaise (1882)

Undated works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.artrenewal.org/pages/artist.php?artistid=188 "Jules Joseph Lefebvre"], biography
  2. ^ a b Oxford Art Online, "Lefebvre, Jules"
  3. ^ Baron Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, RusArtNet, retrieved 2 January 2014
  4. ^ Kathleen Luhrs American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art 1980 "...... on to Paris and studied for a year at the Académie Julian under Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre."

External links[edit]