Jules-Louis Breton

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For the French Realist painter, see Jules Breton.
Jules-Louis Breton (1872-1940).

Jules-Louis Breton (1 April 1872 – 2 August 1940) was a chemist-inventor and a French politician. He was a representative of the French Assembly, and the proponent of the Breton-Prétot machine, a device developed in France from November 1914, intended to cut a way through barbed wire on the battlefield. It was developed with an engineer named Prétot, but did not progress beyond the experimental stage.[1]

Breton was born in Courrières, Pas-de-Calais. He was a Socialist with Anarchist tendencies, and as a Natalist, endeavoured to giving more freedom to women.[2]

During World War I he was France's Undersecretary of State for Inventions.[3] and later founded and directed the National Research and Invention Ministry.[2]

He was also Minister of Hygiene under President Millerand in 1920.[4]


  1. ^ Gougaud, p.104
  2. ^ a b Irresistible empire by Victoria De Grazia p.426
  3. ^ Irresistible empire by Victoria De Grazia p.426
  4. ^ Maternity and gender policies by Gisela Bock p.153


  • Alain Gougaud L'Aube de la Gloire, Les Autos-Mitrailleuses et les Chars Français pendant la Grande Guerre, 1987, Musée des Blindés, ISBN 2-904255-02-8