Jules Lefebvre in his studio.
Jules Joseph Lefebvre ( French: ) (1836–1911) was a French figure [ʒyl ʒɔzɛf ləfɛːvʁ] painter, educator and theorist.
Early life [ edit ]
Lefebvre was born in
Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March 1836. He entered the [1 ] École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.
He won the prestigious
Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898, he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. In 1891, he became a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
He was an instructor at the
Académie Julian in Paris. Lefebvre is chiefly important as an excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand Khnopff, Kenyon Cox, [2 ] Félix Vallotton, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, [3 ] Georges Rochegrosse, the Scottish-born landscape painter William Hart, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an American Impressionist painter. He was long a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts.
Many of his paintings are single figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of M. L. Reynaud and the
Prince Imperial (1874). [2 ]
Lefebvre died in Paris, on 24 February 1911.
Significant milestones [ edit ]
Selected works [ edit ]
(1870), oil on canvas,
, Paris. The painting is contemporary with the first small scale model made by Lefebvre's fellow-Frenchman
for what became the
Statue of Liberty
, striking a similar pose, though fully clothed.
The Death of Priam (Won the Prix de Rome) 1861
Diva Vittoria Colonna 1863
Boy Painting a Tragic Mask 1864
Roman Charity 1865
Portrait d'Antonio, modèle italien 1866
Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi 1868
Reclining Nude, Musée d'Orsay. 1869
Le Reveil de Diane 1869
Portrait of Alexandre Dumas 1870
(The Truth) La Vérité 1870s
(Girl with a Mandolin) Jeune femme à la mandoline 1870
Portrait du Prince Impérial 1872
, La Cigale National Gallery of Victoria 1874
Slave Carrying Fruit (Ghent Museum) 1874
Portrait of Eugene Louis Napoleon Bonaparte 1875
, Chloé Young and Jackson Hotel, Melbourne 1876
, Mary Magdalene in the Grotto Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg 1877
Mignon, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 1878
Graziella, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 1879
, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires Diana Surprised 1880
Portrait of Julia Foster Ward 1880
, Housemaid Pera Museum, Istanbul 1881
La Fiametta from Giovanni Boccaccio 1882
Pandora (II) 1882
(A Japanese) Japonaise 1883
The Feathered Fan 1884
, private collection Portrait of Edna Barger 1890
Lady Godiva 1890
A Daughter of Eve 1896
Portrait of a Lady (II) 1898
Amor beim Schärfen seiner Pfeile (Love sharpening its arrows) 1901
Alexander Agassiz 1901
Yvonne (formerly Musée du Luxembourg), Portrait of Lefebvre's daughter
Undated works [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]