Jules Malou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jules Malou
Jules Malou ars-moriendi.jpg
Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
16 June 1884 – 26 October 1884
Monarch Leopold II
Preceded by Walthère Frère-Orban
Succeeded by Auguste Marie François Beernaert
In office
21 August 1874 – 19 June 1878
Monarch Leopold II
Preceded by Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
Succeeded by Walthère Frère-Orban
Personal details
Born (1810-10-19)19 October 1810
Ypres, France
(now Belgium)
Died July 1886 (aged 76)
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium
Political party Catholic Party

Jules Edouard Xavier Malou (19 October 1810 - July 1886) was a Belgian statesman, a leader of the clerical party.

Career[edit]

Malou was born at Ypres. He was a civil servant in the department of justice when he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies by his native constituency in 1841, and was for some time governor of the province of Antwerp. He served as minister of finance in the coalition ministry of Jean Baptiste, Baron Nothomb in 1844 and formed with B. T. de Theux de Meylandt a Catholic cabinet in 1846 which lost power after the Liberal victory of 1847.

Malou then became a member of the senate, and his party only regained ascendancy in 1870. The distinctly clerical ministry of Baron Jules d'Anethan retired in December 1871 after serious rioting in Brussels, and Malou was the real, though not the nominal, head of the more moderate clerical administrations of de Theux and Aspremont-Lynden (1870–1878). He disavowed the sympathy of Belgian Ultramontane politicians with the German victims of the Kulturkampf, and, retaining in his own hands the portfolio of finance, he subordinated his clerical policy to a useful administration in commercial matters, including a development of the railway system.

As Prime Minister[edit]

It was only after the fall of the ministry in 1878 that he adopted a strongly pro-clerical policy, and when he became chief of a new government in June 1884 he proceeded to undo the secularisation of education instituted by the Liberal Frère-Orban ministry. His legislation in favor of the Catholic schools caused rioting in Brussels, and in October the king demanded the retirement of Jacobs and Woeste, the members of the cabinet against whom popular indignation was chiefly directed. Malou followed them into retirement.

Later life[edit]

An experienced financier, his works (of which a long list is given in Konincks Bibliographie nationale de Belgique) include three series (1874–1880) of memoirs on financial questions, edited by him for the Chamber of Deputies, besides pamphlets on railroad proposals, mining and other practical questions. He died in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Brabant in 1886. His brother Jean Baptiste Malou (1809–1864) was a well-known theologian who served as Bishop of Bruges.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Steve Heylen, Bart De Nil, Bart D’hondt, Sophie Gyselinck, Hanne Van Herck en Donald Weber, Geschiedenis van de provincie Antwerpen. Een politieke biografie, Antwerpen, Provinciebestuur Antwerpen, 2005, Vol. 2 p. 125
Political offices
Preceded by
Henri de Brouckère
Governor of Antwerp
1844–1845
Succeeded by
Jan Teichmann
Preceded by
Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
Prime Minister of Belgium
1874–1878
Succeeded by
Walthère Frère-Orban
Preceded by
Walthère Frère-Orban
Prime Minister of Belgium
1884
Succeeded by
Auguste Marie François Beernaert