Jules Peter Paivio (29 April 1916 – 4 September 2013) was a Canadian architect, professor, and soldier. A veteran of the Spanish Civil War, he was the last surviving member of the Mackenzie–Papineau Battalion.
Early life and family
Paivio was born near Port Arthur, Ontario, and raised in nearby Sudbury by his Finnish parents. His father Aku Päiviö was a Finnish Canadian journalist, poet and socialist. Päiviö's brother Allan Paivio is an emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario. He is best known for his dual-coding theory.
Spanish Civil War
Paivio left Canada at the age of 19 to fight in the Spanish Civil War. He was captured during the war, saved from execution by an Italian officer, and placed in a prisoner-of-war camp. Paivio was the last surviving Canadian veteran of the Spanish Civil War, and in 2012 he was honored by the Spanish government by being granted honorary citizenship.
World War Two
Jules Paivio died on 4 September 2013, at the age of 97.
- "Man of conviction - Jules Paivio is an unwavering left-winger, academic and Spanish civil war veteran". Vapaa Sana. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Terrence Rundle West (9 September 2013). "Mac-Paps fought fascism, but their last dies unnoticed". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Idealist fought fascism during Spanish Civil War". The Globe and Mail. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Adrian Morrow (23 January 2012). "Spain grants citizenship to Canadian veteran of the Spanish Civil War". Globe & Mail. Retrieved 10 September 2013.