Jules Verne Trophy

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The Trophy, displayed at the National Maritime Museum, Paris.

The Jules Verne Trophy is a prize for the fastest circumnavigation of the world by any type of yacht with no restrictions on the size of the crew provided the vessel has registered with the organization and paid an entry fee.[1] A vessel holding the Jules Verne trophy will not necessarily hold the absolute round the world record. The trophy was first awarded to the first yacht which sailed around the world in less than 80 days. The name of the award is a reference to the Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days in which Phileas Fogg traverses the planet (albeit by railroad and steamboat) in 80 days. The current holder is Banque Populaire V skippered by Loick Peyron in 45 days 13 hours 42 minutes 53 seconds.

Foreword[edit]

  • The original idea for this competition has been attributed to Yves Le Cornec in 1985. The rules were defined in 1990. A committee was put in place to guarantee respect of the rules and fairplay. This committee included Peter Blake, Florence Arthaud, Jean François Coste, Yvon Fauconnier, Gabrie Guilly, Robin Knox-Johnston, Titouan Lamazou, Yves Le Cornec, Bruno Peyron, Olivier de Kersauson, and Didier Ragot.
  • The Jules Verne Trophy is awarded to the challenger who breaks the previous Jules Verne record of the round the world voyage under sail. The winner holds the trophy until such time as his/her record has been bettered.

Route[edit]

Rules[edit]

  • Propulsion of the boat must solely be by natural forces of the wind and of the crew.
  • The Jules Verne trophy is open to any type of boat with no restrictions.
  • Crew size is not restricted.
  • The circumnavigation must be completed non-stop and with no physical outside assistance.
  • Challengers must respect safety rules.

History[edit]

Records[edit]

Year Skipper Yacht Type Time
Current holder
2012 France Loïck Peyron Banque Populaire V Trimaran 45 days 13 hours 42 minutes 53 seconds
Past holders
2010 France Franck Cammas Groupama 3 Trimaran 48 days 7 hours 44 minutes 52 seconds[2]
2005 France Bruno Peyron Orange II Catamaran 50 days 16 hours 20 minutes 4 seconds[3]
2004 France Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran 63 days 13 hours 59 minutes 46 seconds[1]
2002 France Bruno Peyron Orange Catamaran 64 days 8 hours 37 minutes 24 seconds
1997 France Olivier de Kersauson Sport Elec Trimaran 71 days 14 hours 22 minutes 8 seconds
1994 United Kingdom Robin Knox-Johnston
New Zealand Peter Blake
ENZA New Zealand Catamaran 74 days 22 hours 17 minutes 22 seconds
1993 France Bruno Peyron Explorer Catamaran 79 days 6 hours 15 minutes 56 seconds

Record attempts[edit]

Year Skipper Yacht Type Notes
Failed attempts (15)
2011 France Pascal Bidégorry Banque Populaire V Trimaran Damaged centerboard, west of the Cape of Good Hope[4]
2009 France Franck Cammas Groupama 3 Trimaran

Ushant-Equator: 5 days 15 hours 23 minutes (new record)[5]
Broken aft beam bulkhead, South Africa[6]

2008 France Franck Cammas Groupama 3 Trimaran Loss of leeward float leading to capsize, New Zealand[7]
2004 France Bruno Peyron Orange II Catamaran Damaged starboard hull, Cap Verde islands
2004 France Bruno Peyron Orange II Catamaran Damaged starboard crashbox, Spain
2004 France Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran Damaged gennaker, North Atlantic
2003 France Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran Circumnavigation achieved, record not broken
2003 United Kingdom Ellen MacArthur Kingfisher 2
(formerly Orange)
Catamaran Broken mast, South-East Kerguelen Islands
2002 France Olivier de Kersauson Geronimo Trimaran Damaged rudder, Brasil
2002 France Bruno Peyron Orange
(formerly Innovation Explorer)
Catamaran Damaged mast, Ouessant
1998 United Kingdom Tracy Edwards Royal et SunAlliance
(formerly ENZA New Zealand)
Catamaran Broken mast, Southern seas
1996 France Olivier de Kersauson Sport-Elec Trimaran Excessive delay
1995 France Olivier de Kersauson Sport-Elec
(formerly Lyonnaise des Eaux)
Trimaran Extreme weather
1994 France Olivier de Kersauson Lyonnaise des Eaux
(formerly Charal)
Trimaran Circumnavigation achieved, record not broken
1993 New Zealand Peter Blake
United Kingdom Robin Knox-Johnston
ENZA New Zealand Catamaran Damaged hull, Indian Ocean
1993 France Olivier de Kersauson Charal Trimaran Damaged outrigger hull, South of Cape Town

The Trophy[edit]

The "Trophy Jules Verne" was the subject of a public order of the visual arts delegation with the American artist Thomas Shannon and is patroned by the French Ministry of Culture.

The work is a floating hull on a magnetic field, much as an anchorage for a ship. All dimensions have rigorous symbolic meaning. The midship beam of the hull corresponds to the diameter of the Earth, the ray of each end is proportional to that of the moon and the radius of the curvature of the frames is that of the sun. The competitors of the Trophy Jules Verne race around the Earth against time, with only the sun and the moon as companions and time keepers.

The sculpture is placed on a cast aluminium base, on which the names of the sailors having won the Trophy are engraved. The Musée national de la Marine in Paris hosts and maintains the Trophy. Each winner receives a miniature of the Trophy, magnetized like the original one.

When a record is broken, an official ceremony is held for the previous record holders to hand over the trophy to the new record holders, who are given the hull and must place it in its magnetic field mooring.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

In 2004 Steve Fossett had enquired about registering his RTW attempt with the Jules Verne organisation. The fee he was asked to pay was more than double that being charged to other entrants . It was explained that his was a fee for a 'first time' entrant. Fossett objected to this higher charge and offered to pay the same amount as charged to others. The offer was refused. Approximately one week before arriving back Fossett instructed his management team to repeat his original offer. This was again refused. Cheyenne went on to take the absolute RTW record by a significant margin. The Trophy was subsequently awarded to 'Geronimo' for a time five days slower than that of 'Cheyenne', thereby negating the trophy's claim to be awarded for the outright round the world record.

  1. ^ a b In 2004 Steve Fossett sailing the catamaran Cheyenne set a circumnavigation record of 58 days 9 hours 32 minutes 45 seconds. Although Fossett sailed a similar course leaving and arriving at Brest (his starting line was the Stiff lighthouse not Créac'h), France, he did not pay the fee to qualify for the Jules Verne Trophy. However, he did try to pay the fee to be awarded the Trophy a week before arriving which was declined by the organizer as against the spirit of the race, and thus was not awarded the prize.[citation needed] Fossett's record was acknowledged by the World Sailing Speed Record Council, while the Jules Verne trophy was awarded to Geronimo for its five-days slower time.
  2. ^ WSSR Council (2010-03-26). "WSSR Newsletter No 182". Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
  3. ^ International Sailing Federation (2005-03-16). "ISAF". Retrieved 2008-02-19. World Sailing Speed Record Council (2009-02-01). "Round the World Eastbound Non-Stop Records". Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  4. ^ "Banque Populaire forced to retire". sail-world. 2011-02-05. 
  5. ^ Team Groupama Website (2009-11-11). "Equatorial reference". Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  6. ^ Team Groupama Website (2009-11-16). "Damage, destination Cape Town". Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  7. ^ Team Groupama Website (2008-02-18). "Groupama 3 capsizes in the Pacific ocean". Retrieved 2009-12-07.