Jules Verreaux

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Jules Pierre Verreaux (24 August 1807 – 7 September 1873) was a French botanist and ornithologist and a professional collector of and trader in natural history specimens. He was the brother of Edouard Verreaux and nephew of Pierre Antoine Delalande.

Verreaux worked for the family business, Maison Verreaux, established in 1803 by his father, Jacques Philippe Verreaux, at Place des Vosges in Paris, which was the earliest known company that dealt in objects of natural history. The company funded collection expeditions to various parts of the world.[1][2] Maison Verreaux sold many specimens to the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle to add to its collections.

Verreaux travelled to Australia in 1842 to collect plants. He returned to France in 1851 with a natural history collection reported to contain 15,000 items. In 1864 he took over from Florent Prévost as assistant naturalist at the Paris Museum.

Verreaux also worked in China and South Africa, where he helped Andrew Smith found the South African Museum in Cape Town in 1825.

He is commemorated in the names of Verreaux's eagle (Aquila verreauxii), Verreaux's coua (Coua verreauxi), Verreaux's sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi), the white-tipped dove (Leptotila verreauxi) and the golden parrotbill (Paradoxornis verreauxi).[3]


  1. ^ Molina, Miquel (2002). "More notes on the Verreaux brothers" (PDF). Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies 16 (1): 30–36. 
  2. ^ South Pacific Taxidermy: The Verreaux brothers of France
  3. ^ Mearns, Barbara; & Mearns, Richard. (1988). Biographies for Birdwatchers. The lives of those commemorated in Western Palaearctic bird names. Academic Press: London. ISBN 0-12-487422-3