Julesburg, Colorado

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Julesburg, Colorado
Town
Sedgwick County Courthouse, Julesburg
Sedgwick County Courthouse, Julesburg
Location in Sedgwick County and the state of Colorado
Location in Sedgwick County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 40°59′18″N 102°16′0″W / 40.98833°N 102.26667°W / 40.98833; -102.26667Coordinates: 40°59′18″N 102°16′0″W / 40.98833°N 102.26667°W / 40.98833; -102.26667
Country United States
State Colorado
County Sedgwick County Seat[1]
Incorporated 1886-11-18[2]
Named for Jules Beni
Government
 • Type Statutory Town[1]
Area
 • Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Land 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 3,478 ft (1,060 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,467
 • Density 1,128.5/sq mi (444.5/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[4] 80737
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-39965
GNIS feature ID 0202892
Website City Website

The historic town of Julesburg is a statutory town that is the county seat of Sedgwick County, Colorado, United States.[5] The population was 1,467 at the U.S. Census 2000.

History[edit]

According to the Colorado Historical Society, the original trading post was named for Jules Beni. Julesburg was on the Pony Express (1860–1861) route from Missouri to California.

Jack Slade[edit]

Former Union Pacific station is now a museum, 2007
Pony Express Rider (2001), by Brenda Jean Daniher, 2007

In 1858, Joseph A. "Jack" Slade, a superintendent for the Central Overland California and Pikes Peak Express Company, was tracking down horse thieves, including Jules Beni. Slade caught up with him at Julesburg, but Beni shot him five times. Everybody thought that Slade was dead and several angry townsfolk chased Beni out of Julesburg. When they returned, they found Slade struggling to his feet, having miraculously recovered.

Beni continued to steal horses from the Pike's Peak Express Company, and Slade vowed to hunt him down. Beni attempted to ambush Slade at Slade's own ranch at Cold Springs. But Slade found out about the planned ambush and, along with some of his cowboys, captured Beni. Slade did not take Beni to authorities but instead shot him dead while he was tied to a fence post.[6] He shot off each of his fingers, and then put the gun in Beni's mouth and pulled the trigger. Afterward, he severed Beni's ears as trophies.[citation needed]

This account is among the Stories of the Century, a syndicated television series starring and narrated by Jim Davis, which aired on March 4, 1955. Gregg Palmer (born 1927) played the role of Slade, and Paul Newlan (1903–1973) portrayed Beni.

Battle of Julesburg[edit]

Julesburg was a large and prominent stagecoach station and the site of Fort Rankin (later Fort Sedgwick). In revenge for the Sand Creek Massacre, one thousand Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Lakota warriors attacked Julesburg on January 7, 1865. In the battle the Indians defeated about 60 soldiers of the U.S. army and 50 armed civilians. In the following weeks the Indians raided up and down the South Platte River valley. On February 2 they returned to Julesburg and burned down all the buildings in the settlement, although not attacking the soldiers and civilians holed up in the fort.[7]

Media[edit]

Julesburg was featured in the 1960 episode "The Story of Julesburg" of the syndicated television series Pony Express. Sebastian Cabot plays Beni.[8]

"Julesburg" is the title of the second episode (1955) of the ABC western Cheyenne, starring Clint Walker. In the story line, Julesburg is depicted as under the control of a ruthless cattle baron played by Ray Teal, later cast as the sheriff in the NBC series Bonanza.

Julesburg is the town where the 1959 Randolph Scott film "Westbound" is set.

Geography[edit]

Julesburg is located at 40°59′18″N 102°16′0″W / 40.98833°N 102.26667°W / 40.98833; -102.26667 (40.988422, −102.266677).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all of it land.

The town is located on the north side of the South Platte River, along U.S. 138 and U.S. 385 and just off of I-76. It is the northernmost town in the state, less than 0.9 mi (1.4 km) south of the Colorado−Nebraska state line.

Climate[edit]

Julesburg experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Julesburg, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
79
(26)
88
(31)
94
(34)
99
(37)
107
(42)
109
(43)
109
(43)
103
(39)
95
(35)
85
(29)
76
(24)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 41.1
(5.1)
48.6
(9.2)
56.5
(13.6)
65.8
(18.8)
75.0
(23.9)
85.8
(29.9)
91.8
(33.2)
90.4
(32.4)
81.6
(27.6)
68.8
(20.4)
52.2
(11.2)
43.4
(6.3)
66.8
(19.3)
Average low °F (°C) 13.6
(−10.2)
19.1
(−7.2)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.8
(1)
44.5
(6.9)
54.1
(12.3)
60.3
(15.7)
58.4
(14.7)
47.4
(8.6)
35.0
(1.7)
23.6
(−4.7)
15.6
(−9.1)
35.9
(2.2)
Record low °F (°C) −34
(−37)
−26
(−32)
−23
(−31)
−8
(−22)
19
(−7)
33
(1)
35
(2)
38
(3)
16
(−9)
−3
(−19)
−14
(−26)
−38
(−39)
−38
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.38
(9.7)
0.35
(8.9)
1.32
(33.5)
1.63
(41.4)
3.38
(85.9)
2.57
(65.3)
2.27
(57.7)
2.23
(56.6)
1.30
(33)
0.94
(23.9)
0.58
(14.7)
0.29
(7.4)
17.24
(438)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [10]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 202
1900 371 83.7%
1910 962 159.3%
1920 1,320 37.2%
1930 1,467 11.1%
1940 1,619 10.4%
1950 1,951 20.5%
1960 1,840 −5.7%
1970 1,578 −14.2%
1980 1,528 −3.2%
1990 1,295 −15.2%
2000 1,467 13.3%
2010 1,225 −16.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 1,467 people, 613 households, and 407 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,167.6 people per square mile (449.5/km²). There were 699 housing units at an average density of 556.4 per square mile (214.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.03% White, 0.20% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 7.77% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.18% of the population.

There were 613 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 24.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,207, and the median income for a family was $34,500. Males had a median income of $27,337 versus $17,125 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,913. About 8.1% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved October 17, 2007. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ Colorado Heritage/ Autumn 2000 page 48
  7. ^ Grinnell, George Bird. The Fighting Cheyennes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1915, pp. 181-195
  8. ^ "Pony Express". Classic Television Archives. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Julesberg, CO". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]