Julián Felipe, Composer of the Filipino national anthem
|Born||January 28, 1861
|Died||October 2, 1944 (aged 83)
|Known for||Composer of the National Anthem of the Philippines|
Julián Felipe was born in Cavite City, Cavite. A dedicated music teacher and composer, he was appointed by then-President Emilio Aguinaldo as Director of the National Band of the First Philippine Republic. He died in Manila.
He studied at a public school in Cavite and Binondo, Manila for his primary education. At an early age, he showed his talent in music. He also learned how to play the piano and the organ. Later, He became an organist in St. Peter's Parish Church. As an organist, Felipe was given the chance to hone his gift. Soon after he was composing songs.
Among his early popular compositions were Moteti el Santesisimo, Sintos y Floras Rogodones, Amorita Danza, and Reina de Cavite (In honor of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga). He impressed many music enthusiasts with the said pieces. Though still young, his works were already at par with the seasoned musicians.
In recognition of his remarkable contributions in the field of music, he was given awards and accolades.
Involvement in the Philippine Revolution
When the revolution broke out, Felipe joined his fellow Cavitenos who fought against the Spaniards. He was arrested and jailed at Fort San Felipe in Cavite.
When freed, he again joined Emilio Aguinaldo's troop. He composed nationalistic songs that inspired his compatriots to continue fighting against the Spaniards. A bust of Felipe can be found in Cavite City, located near San Sebastian College – Recoletos de Cavite.
Aguinaldo asked him to provide a stirring composition to be played in the historic proclamation of Philippine independence. His composition 'Marcha Nacional Filipina', played on June 12, 1898 in Aguinaldo's home in Kawit, was adopted as the Philippine national anthem on September 5, 1938.
Julián Felipe and his wife Irene Tapia had four daughters and a son. He died on October 2, 1944, at age of 83.
1. Soledad FELIPE [married Gregorio GIRON and had 8 children] 1a. Adela Felipe GIRON. 1b. Rosa Felipe GIRON, b. 12 Sep 1910, d. 10 Sep 1966. 1c. Mercedes Felipe GIRON. 1d. Soledad Felipe GIRON. 1e. Jose Noli Felipe GIRON [married Florencia PIRAMIDE, b. 10 Apr 1930, d. and had 6 children] 1e.1 - Henry Piramide GIRON 1e.2 - Susan Piramide GIRON 1e.3 - Sylvia Piramide GIRON, b. 31 Dec 1950 [married Douglas C. BLACK, b. 6 Jan 1951, and had 4 children] 1e.3a - Elaine Grace Giron BLACK, b. 28 Oct 1974 1e.3b - Lesley Anne Giron BLACK, b. 13 Feb 1978 1e.3c - Christine Marie Giron BLACK, b. 7 May 1984 [married Adrian Albert BISQUERA, b. 6 Apr 1983, and had 3 children] 1e.3c.1 - Angelo Black Bisquera, b. 6 Jun 2006 1e.3c.2 - Chriselle Ariana Black Bisquera, b. 8 Feb 2008 1e.3c.3 - Averey Black Bisquera, b. 5 July 2013 1e.3d - Kimberly Giron BLACK, b. 24 Jan 1987 1e.4 - Marco Piramide GIRON 1e.5 - Nolita Piramide GIRON 1e.6 - Rex Piramide GIRON 1f. Antonio Felipe GIRON, b. 04 Jun 1924, d. 23 May 1994. 1g.Ramiro Felipe GIRON. 1h.Remedios Felipe GIRON. 2. Aurora FELIPE, d. date unknown. 3. Irene Tapia FELIPE, d. date unknown. 4. Agapito FELIPE, d. date unknown.
- Lim, Josh. "Philippines "Lupang Hinirang" (Beloved Land)". Retrieved 2007-08-02.
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- Historia de la Marcha Nacional Filipino Full text document written by Julián Felipe on the history of the Philippine National Anthem.
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