Julián Zugazagoitia

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Julian Zugazagoitia. (1899-1940). Spanish journalist and politician. A member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, he was close to Indalecio Prieto and the editor of the El Socialista.[1] In the first weeks of the Spanish Civil War he wrote against the paseos and denounced the anarchist and communist secret prisons (checas).[2] In October 1936 he wrote in El Socialista: "The life of an adversary who surrenders is unassailable; non combatant can dispose of that life. That is not how the rebels behave? It matters no. It is how we should behave.".[3] In May 1937 he was appointed by the prime minister, Juan Negrin, as minister of Interior of the Second Spanish Republic.[4] Because of the abduction and killing of Andreu Nin, he dismissed the Director General of Security, Antonio Ortega and threatened to resign as minister.[5] In 1938, he supported the dissolution by force of the Anarchist controlled, Consejo de Aragon.[6] He was replaced in May 1938,[7] but in April 1938, he was appointed secretary of the ministry of defence.[8] After the war, he fled to France, but in 1940 was arrested by the Gestapo, handed over to Spain and executed.[9] In France he wrote a history about the Spanish Civil War: Historia de la guerra en España, published in 1940.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p.208
  2. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p.393
  3. ^ Preston, Paul. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.232
  4. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 651
  5. ^ Preston, Paul. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.262
  6. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 296
  7. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p.411
  8. ^ Preston, Paul. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. pp.284-285
  9. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.413
  10. ^ Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p.412

Bibliography[edit]