Julia Butterfly Hill
|Julia Butterfly Hill|
Hill in 2006.
|Born||Julia Lorraine Hill
February 18, 1974
Mount Vernon, Missouri, United States
|Employer||Circle of Life Foundation|
Julia Lorraine Hill (known as Julia "Butterfly" Hill, born February 18, 1974) is an American environmental activist and tax redirection advocate. She is best known for having lived in a 180-foot (55 m)-tall, roughly 1500-year-old California Redwood tree (age based on first-hand ring count of a slightly smaller neighboring ancient redwood that had been cut down) for 738 days between December 10, 1997 and December 18, 1999. Hill lived in the tree, affectionately known as "Luna," to prevent Pacific Lumber Company loggers from cutting it down. She is the author of the book The Legacy of Luna and co-author of One Makes the Difference. She is a vegan.
Hill's father was a traveling preacher who went from town to town, bringing his family with him. Until she was about ten years old, Hill lived in a 32-foot (9.8 m) camper with her father, Dan; mother, Kathy; and two brothers, Mike and Dan. Julia is the middle child. While traveling with her family, Hill often explored rivers by campgrounds. When Hill was seven years old, she and her family were taking a hike one day when a butterfly landed on her finger and stayed with her for the duration of the hike. From that day on, her nickname became "Butterfly." She decided to use that as her nickname for the rest of her life.
When Hill was in middle school, her family stopped traveling and settled in Jonesboro, Arkansas. In August 1996, at age 22, Hill suffered a near-fatal car crash. At the time, Hill was acting as the designated driver for a friend who had been drinking. Her friend's car was hit from behind by a drunk driver. The steering wheel of the car penetrated Hill's skull; it took almost a year of intensive therapy before she regained the ability to speak and walk normally. She said: "As I recovered, I realized that my whole life had been out of balance...I had graduated high school at 16, and had been working nonstop since then, first as a waitress, then as a restaurant manager. I had been obsessed by my career, success, and material things. The crash woke me up to the importance of the moment, and doing whatever I could to make a positive impact on the future."
Hill embarked on a spiritual quest afterwards, leading her to the environmental cause opposed to the destruction of the redwood forests in Humboldt County, California. "The steering wheel in my head, both figuratively and literally, steered me in a new direction in my life," Hill says.
After recuperating from her accident, Hill took a road trip to California and attended a reggae fundraiser to save the forests. A group of "front-liners" had been rotating tree sitters in and out of giant redwoods in Humboldt County every couple days to stave off Pacific Lumber Co. loggers who were clear-cutting. Organizers wanted someone to stay in the tree a week. "Nobody else would volunteer so they had to pick me," says Hill.
Originally, Hill was not officially affiliated with any environmental organization, deciding by herself to undertake civil disobedience. Soon, Hill was actively supported by Earth First!, among other organizations and volunteers.
An hour and a half after reaching the base of the tree, we got the last of the provisions up. By then it was midnight. Finally, I was able to put on the harness and ascend Luna. It seemed an exhausting eternity before I reached the top. When I finally got there, I untangled myself from the harness and looked around for a place to collapse.—
Hill lived on two six-by-six-foot platforms for 738 days. Luna's trunk was her sidewalk and exercise treadmill. Hill learned many survival skills while living in Luna, such as "seldom washing the soles of her feet, because the sap helped her feet stick to the branches better." Hill used solar-powered cell phones for radio interviews, became an "in-tree" correspondent for a cable television show, and hosted TV crews to protest old-growth clear cutting. With ropes, Hill hoisted up survival supplies brought by an eight-member support crew. To keep warm, Hill wrapped herself tight in a sleeping bag, leaving only a small hole for breathing. For meals, Hill used a single-burner propane stove. Throughout her ordeal, Hill weathered freezing rains and 40 mph (64 km/h) winds from El Niño, helicopter harassment, a ten-day siege by company security guards, and attempted intimidation by angry loggers.
A resolution was reached in 1999 when the Pacific Lumber Company agreed to preserve Luna and all trees within a 200 foot buffer zone. In exchange, Hill agreed to vacate the tree. In addition, the $50,000 that Hill and other activists raised during the cause was given to the logging company, as stipulated by the resolution. The $50,000 Earth First! paid to Pacific Lumber was then donated to Humboldt State University as part of the agreement for research into sustainable forestry.
The tree was later cut with a chainsaw by vandals. The gash to the 200-foot (61 m)-tall redwood was discovered November 2000 by one of Hill's supporters. Observers at the scene said the cut measured 32 inches (810 mm) deep and 19 feet (5.8 m) around the base, somewhat less than half the circumference of the tree. The gash was treated with an herbal remedy and the tree was stabilized with steel cables. As of spring 2007, the tree is doing well with new growth each year. Caretakers routinely climb the tree to check its condition and to maintain the steel guywires.
Since her tree sit, Hill has become a motivational speaker (holding some 250 events a year), a best-selling author, and the co-founder of the Circle of Life Foundation (which helped organize We The Planet, an eco-friendly music tour) and the Engage Network, a nonprofit that trains small groups of civic leaders to work toward social change.
On July 16, 2002, Hill was jailed in Quito, Ecuador, outside the offices of Occidental Petroleum, for protesting a proposed oil pipeline that would penetrate a virgin Andean cloud forest that teems with rare birds. "The cloud forest is stunning," said Hill. "It's this deep, lush green, spangled with explosions of red, yellow and purple from the flowers, birds and insects. But the environmental destruction we saw along the pipelines that had already been built was horrendous." Ecuadorian President Gustavo Noboa commented, "The little gringos have been arrested, including the old cockatoo who climbs trees." Hill was later deported from Ecuador.
In 2003, Hill became a proponent of tax redirection, resisting payment of about $150,000 in federal taxes, donating that money to after-school programs, arts and cultural programs, community gardens, programs for Native Americans, alternatives to incarceration, and environmental protection programs. She said:
I actually take the money that the IRS says goes to them and I give it to the places where our taxes should be going. And in my letter to the IRS I said: "I'm not refusing to pay my taxes. I'm actually paying them but I'm paying them where they belong because you refuse to do so."—
In an April 2009 interview, Hill pondered what would come next for her:
The tree-sit and action since created this very particular role that Julia Butterfly Hill fulfills. And, because I'm a person committed to growth, to looking for where my edge is, that role is now too narrow for me. But it's hard to figure out what's next because there's this entire reality that's been created around this role that I play. And I'm not discounting that role - I've been able to help communities that I love very much. And at the same time, I'm looking for what's next for me, and it's so easy to stay in that role that myself and this world co-created together. But I just know that there's aspects of it that need to shed.
Hill has been the subject of several documentaries, interviews, and books, including her own memoirs, The Legacy of Luna; and has influenced numerous musicians.
In Penn & Teller's first season of their documentary television show, Bullshit, Hill was interviewed and her motivations were questioned by Penn Jillette and Patrick Moore, a former founder of Greenpeace, both of whom criticized her position on tree cutting for paper as a "stupid waste" by pointing out that medical textbooks and works of art are made of paper, and the irony of her treehouse being made of lumber from cut trees.
On December 10, 1998, a benefit concert was played at the Mateel Community Center in Redway, California, during Julia's "tree sit." Artists performing were Bob Weir and Mark Karan as an acoustic duet, the Steve Kimock Band, and the Mickey Hart Band. Julia took part in the event, reading her poem "Luna" via telephone while the Mickey Hart Band was performing "The Dancing Sorcerer".
A film adaptation of The Legacy of Luna, to be directed by Laurie Collyer and star Rachel Weisz, became stuck in development hell although Weisz actively worked towards getting the project off the ground.
Several musicians have been inspired by Hill and her activism and written songs about her:
- Karrie "Jesse Manzanita" Wallace and Juli Palmer wrote the song called "Julia Butterfly Hill, Are You Up There Still?" in 1998 Which was featured in the full-length documentary 'Butterfly' by Doug Wolens.
- Trey Anastasio and Tom Marshall wrote a song called Kissed by Mist about Julia.
- The Red Hot Chili Peppers song "Can't Stop" contains the line "J. Butterfly is in the treetop."
- In 2002 Los Suaves made a song in honor of Julia called "Julia Hill" on the "Un paso atrás" album in which the singer is "Luna".
- Also in 2002, Ozark Folk/Bluegrass artists Donna Stjerna and Kelly Mulhollan who perform as Still On The Hill released their album, "Chaos and Calm" which includes a track named "Beautiful Butterfly" based on and in honor of their fellow Arkansan, Julia Butterfly Hill.
- Neil Young made a reference to her in the 2003 song "Sun Green" on the "Greendale" album in which the title character "Still wants to meet Julia Butterfly."
- In 2009, Idina Menzel wrote a song entitled "Butterfly" referring to Butterfly's concern for the environment.[unreliable source?]
- Folk musician Kelly Green wrote a song entitled "Julia Butterfly" inspired in part by Julia "Butterfly" Hill.
- Casey Desmond wrote a song called "Julia Butterfly Hill" which appeared on her 2006 record "No Disguise".
- Folk Musician Rachel Nelson wrote a song entitled "Julia Butterfly" in honor of Julia "Butterfly" Hill.
- Folk-rock band Traveling Broke and Out of Gas wrote and recorded a song entitled "Julia Butterfly" released on their 2010 album "CAN YOU Spare Some CHANGE".
- 10 Questions for activist Julia Butterfly Hill
- Fitzgerald, Dawn (2002). Julia Butterfly Hill: Saving the Redwoods. Millbrook, Connecticut: Millbrook Press. ISBN 0-7613-2654-5.
- "Butterfly's Tale". Circle of Life Foundation. Retrieved 2009-09-11.
- "Julia Butterfly Hill, activist and onetime tree-sitter, answers questions". Grist. 2006-01-23. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Martin, Glen (1998-12-08). "A Year in the Sky". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- Dawn Fitzgerald (2002). Julia Butterfly Hill: Saving the Redwoods. Lerner Publications. ISBN 978-0-7613-2654-0.
- Oldenburg, Don (2004-10-22). "Julia Butterfly Hill, From Treetop to Grass Roots". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- Butterfly Hill, Julia (2000-04-01). The Legacy of Luna. HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 0-06-251658-2.
- Martin, Glen (1999-12-20). "Tree-Sitter Recounts Life In the Clouds: Julia Butterfly Hill is tearful and triumphant". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- Hua, Vanessa (2000-06-18). "Julia 'Butterfly' Hill's connections". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- Hornblower, Margot (2001-06-24). "Five Months At 180 Ft.". Time. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- Martin, Glen (2000-11-28). "Vandals Slash Giant Redwood". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- How is Luna Today ? Luna's Status currently by "Sanctuary Forest
- Berton, Justin (2009-04-16). "Catching up with ... Julia Butterfly Hill". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- Martin, Glen (2002-07-19). "Julia Butterfly deported by Ecuador after oil confrontation". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- Martin, Glen (2002-07-18). "Julia Butterfly in Ecuador jail after oil protest". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- Smith, Gar "An Interview with Julia Butterfly Hill: Part 1" The Edge 26 May 2005 
- Buncombe, Andrew (2006-05-26). "A new protest song: Joan Baez - she shall overcome". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "TV.com review of Penn & Teller Episode-Environmental Hysteria". 2003. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "KVHW Live at Mateel Community Center on 1998-12-10 (December 10, 1998)". Archive.org. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- Selman, Matt (2009). The Simpsons The Complete Twelfth Season DVD commentary for the episode "Lisa the Tree Hugger" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Brown, Mick (2009-08-01). "Rachel Weisz talks about starring in A Streetcar Named Desire". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- Mockingbird Foundation (1 Jul 2004). The Phish Companion: A Guide to the Band and Their Music. ISBN 0879307994.
- Manzano Ben, Alberto (21 Sept 2001). "LOS SUAVES – 11. Un Paso Atrás En El Tiempo (2002)". El Almacen Del Rock. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "Still on the Hill Music Collection". Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- ""Julia Butterfly" performed by the Kelly Green Band". Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "Casey Desmond - Julia Butterfly Hill". Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- ""Julia Butterfly" performed by Traveling Broke and Out of Gas".