Julia Caesaris (sister of Julius Caesar)

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For other Roman women named Julia Caesaris, see Julia Caesaris.

Julia is the name of two daughters of praetor Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta, the parents of dictator Gaius Julius Caesar. The sisters were born and raised in Rome.

The elder of the two is sometimes called Julia Major (Major Latin for the elder) by historians (but she should not be confused with Julia the Elder, daughter of Emperor Augustus). Likewise, the younger is sometimes called Julia Minor, (Minor Latin for the younger) and should not be confused with Julia the Younger, Augustus' first granddaughter.

First elder sister of Julius Caesar[edit]

The elder of the two sisters is known only from a passage in which Suetonius mentions her two grandsons,[1] Lucius Pinarius and Quintus Pedius. If the two men were actually her sons, as has been conjectured,[2] she was married, in an uncertain order, to a Pinarius, of a very ancient patrician family,[3] and a Pedius. It is not known if it was the elder or the younger of the dictator's sisters who gave evidence against Publius Clodius Pulcher (see below), when he was impeached for impiety in 61 BC.[4] Nothing else is known about the life of the elder sister.

Second elder sister of Julius Caesar[edit]

Julia Caesaris
Spouse Marcus Atius Balbus
Issue Atia Balba Prima
Atia Balba Caesonia
Atia Balba Tertia
Father Gaius Julius Caesar
Mother Aurelia Cotta
Born 101 B.C.
Rome
Died 51 B.C.

Julia Caesaris (101 BC-51 BC) was the second sister of Julius Caesar. She married Marcus Atius Balbus, a praetor and commissioner who came from a senatorial family of plebeian status. Julia bore him three daughters:

Julia and her mother gave the legal courts a detailed and truthful account about the affair between Pompeia (her sister-in-law) and politician Publius Clodius Pulcher. Caesar divorced Pompeia over the scandal. Balbus died in 52 BC and Julia died a year later. Julia’s youngest grandson and grandchild then known as Octavian (future Emperor Augustus) at age 12 to her honor delivered her funeral oration at her funeral.

Sources[edit]

  • Suetonius - The Twelve Caesars - Caesar and Augustus.
  • Julia, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of the Caesars: Life of Julius Caesar 83. See also App. B. C. iii. 22, 23.
  2. ^ Friedrich Münzer, Aus dem Verwandtenkreise Caesars und Octavians, in: Hermes, vol. 71, 1936, p. 222–230.
  3. ^ Livy Ab Urbe condita i. 7 [1]
  4. ^ Suet. Caes. 74; Schol. Bob. in Clod. p. 337, Orelli.