Julia Caesaris (sister of Julius Caesar)
The elder of the two is sometimes called Julia Major (Major Latin for the elder) by historians (but she should not be confused with Julia the Elder, daughter of Emperor Augustus). Likewise, the younger is sometimes called Julia Minor, (Minor Latin for the younger) and should not be confused with Julia the Younger, Augustus' first granddaughter.
First elder sister of Julius Caesar
The elder of the two sisters is known only from a passage in which Suetonius mentions her two grandsons, Lucius Pinarius and Quintus Pedius. If the two men were actually her sons, as has been conjectured, she was married, in an uncertain order, to a Pinarius, of a very ancient patrician family, and a Pedius. It is not known if it was the elder or the younger of the dictator's sisters who gave evidence against Publius Clodius Pulcher (see below), when he was impeached for impiety in 61 BC. Nothing else is known about the life of the elder sister.
Second elder sister of Julius Caesar
|Spouse||Marcus Atius Balbus|
|Atia Balba Prima
Atia Balba Caesonia
Atia Balba Tertia
|Father||Gaius Julius Caesar|
Julia Caesaris (101 BC-51 BC) was the second sister of Julius Caesar. She married Marcus Atius Balbus, a praetor and commissioner who came from a senatorial family of plebian status. Julia bore him three daughters:
- Atia Balba Prima
- Atia Balba Caesonia - mother of Octavia Minor (fourth wife of triumvir Mark Antony) and of first Emperor Augustus.
- Atia Balba Tertia
Julia and her mother gave the legal courts a detailed and truthful account about the affair between Pompeia (her sister-in-law) and politician Publius Clodius Pulcher. Caesar divorced Pompeia over the scandal. Balbus died in 52 BC and Julia died a year later. Julia’s youngest grandson and grandchild then known as Octavian (future Emperor Augustus) at age 12 to her honor delivered her funeral oration at her funeral.
- Suetonius - The Twelve Caesars - Caesar and Augustus.
- Julia, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology