Julia the Younger

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For other Roman women named Julia Caesaris, see Julia Caesaris.
Julia the Younger
Spouse Lucius Aemilius Paullus
Issue Aemilia Lepida
(possible) Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
House Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Father Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Mother Julia the Elder
Born 19 BC
Died 29 AD
Tremerus
Roman imperial dynasties
Julio-Claudian dynasty
Chronology
Augustus 27 BC14 AD
Tiberius 1437 AD
Caligula 3741 AD
Claudius 4154 AD
Nero 5468 AD
Family
Gens Julia
Gens Claudia
Julio-Claudian family tree
Category:Julio-Claudian dynasty
Succession
Preceded by
Roman Republic
Followed by
Year of the Four Emperors


Julia the Younger (19 BC – c. AD 29) (Classical Latin: IVLIA•MINOR[1]) or Julilla (little Julia), Vipsania Julia Agrippina, Iulilla, Julia, Augustus' granddaughter, or Julia Caesaris Minor, was a Roman noblewoman of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. She was the first daughter and second child of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. Along with her sister Agrippina the Elder, Julia was raised and educated by her maternal grandfather Augustus and her maternal step-grandmother Livia Drusilla.

Julia the Younger was the elder granddaughter of the Emperor Augustus, sister-in-law, stepdaughter and daughter-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius, maternal aunt of the Emperor Caligula and Empress Agrippina the Younger, second cousin of the Emperor Claudius, and maternal great-aunt of the Emperor Nero.

Life[edit]

About 5 BC or 6 BC, Augustus arranged her to marry Lucius Aemilius Paullus.[2] Paullus had a family relation to her as her first half-cousin, as both had Scribonia as grandmother: Julia's mother was a daughter of Scribonia by Augustus; Paullus' mother, Cornelia Scipio, was a daughter of Scribonia resulting from her earlier marriage to Publius Cornelius Scipio Salvito.

Paullus and Julia had a daughter, Aemilia Lepida and possibly a son, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (although the latter may also have been the son to Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul 6). According to Suetonius, she built a large pretentious country house. Augustus disliked large overdone houses and had it demolished.[3]

In 8, according to ancient historians, Julia was exiled for having an affair with Decimus Junius Silanus, a Roman Senator. She was sent to Trimerus, a small Italian island, where she gave birth to a child. Augustus rejected the infant and ordered it to be exposed,[4] or left on a mountainside to die. Silanus went into voluntary exile, but returned under Tiberius' reign.[5]

Sometime between 1 and 14, her husband Paullus was executed as a conspirator in a revolt.[6] Modern historians theorize that Julia's exile was not actually for adultery but for involvement in Paullus' revolt.[7] Livia plotted against her stepdaughter's family and ruined them, according to some. This led to open compassion for the fallen family. In 29 AD, Julia died on the same island where she had been sent in exile twenty years earlier.[8] Due to the adultery that Julia committed, Augustus stated in his will that she would never be buried in Rome.[9] She was survived by daughter, possibly a son, and by several grandchildren.

Unusual naming variants[edit]

Julia the Younger was not a Julia Caesaris by birth: being the daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa made her a Vipsania Agrippina by birth, although there are no contemporary sources that show that that name was ever used for her. She came to belong to the household of the Julio-Claudian dynasty as she was raised and instructed by her maternal grandfather Augustus.[10] Further, Augustus adopted Tiberius as his son (and heir), and while Tiberius was remarried to Julia the Elder. Augustus became something of a paternal grandfather to Julia the Elder's children, too, including Julia the Younger. A formal adoption "in the family of the Caesars" among the offspring of Agrippa and Julia the Elder is however only recorded regarding Vipsania Julia's brothers Gaius — hence Gaius Caesar — and Lucius — hence Lucius Caesar.[11] Her younger sister Agrippina the Elder and youngest full brother, Agrippa Postumus, were named after their natural father. Likewise, her eldest half-sisters, Vipsania Agrippina and Vipsania Marcella, were named after their father. Her younger half-brother, unnamed in contemporary sources, was later sometimes dubbed "Tiberillus," after his father Tiberius, and died young.

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ E. Groag, A. Stein, L. Petersen - e.a. (edd.), Prosopographia Imperii Romani saeculi I, II et III (PIR), Berlin, 1933 - I 635
  2. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, "II. Augustus", LXIV
  3. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, "II. Augustus", LXXII
  4. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, "II. Augustus", LXV
  5. ^ Tacitus, Ann. III, 24
  6. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Caesars, Life of Augustus 19
  7. ^ Norwood, Frances, "The Riddle of Ovid's Relegatio" Classical Philology (1963) p. 154
  8. ^ Tacitus, Ann. IV, 71
  9. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, "II. Augustus", CI
  10. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, "II. Augustus", LXIV – note that Augustus was member of the Julii Caesares gens through (posthumous) adoption by the (maternal) uncle of his mother Atia - that maternal uncle was of course Julius Caesar; Augustus was an Octavius by birth (hence his name Octavianus after his posthumous adoption had taken place).
  11. ^ Tacitus, Ann. I, 3

External links[edit]