Juliaca

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Juliaca
Juliaca-Rinconada.jpg
Flag of Juliaca
Flag
Coat of arms of Juliaca
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ciudad de Los Vientos (The Windy City)
Juliaca is located in Peru
Juliaca
Juliaca
Location in Peru
Coordinates: 15°29′26.6″S 70°07′37.5″W / 15.490722°S 70.127083°W / -15.490722; -70.127083Coordinates: 15°29′26.6″S 70°07′37.5″W / 15.490722°S 70.127083°W / -15.490722; -70.127083
Country Peru
Region Puno
Province San Román
District Juliaca
Founded 1826 A.D. 1st
City since 1908 A.D. 1st
Government
 • Type Democracy
 • Mayor David Mamani Paricahua (2011–2014)
Elevation 3,825 m (12,549 ft)
Population
 • Total 225,146(2,007)
 • Density 422.6/km2 (1,095/sq mi)
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) PET (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +51
Website MuniJuliaca.gob.pe

Juliaca (Spanish: Juliaca, Quechua: Hullaqa, Aymara: Hullaqa) is the capital of San Roman Province in the Puno Region of southeastern Peru. It is the region's largest city with a population of 225,146 inhabitants (2007).[1] On the Altiplano, Juliaca is (3,825 metres (12,549 ft)) above sea level, is located on the Collao Plateau and is northwest of Lake Titicaca (45 km). It is the largest trade center in the Puno region.

Juliaca is near Chacas lagoon, the Maravillas river, and near the ruins of Sillustani.

The city hosts Juliaca's Carnival each year between February and March. During this very popular event participants, dressed in colorful costumes, gather on the streets to dance in the style of the Collao Plateau. Saint Sebastian's feast occurs on January 20 of every year.

Juliaca's citizens rely on cars, trains, and bicycles. It is a major transit point in the region and has strong ties with Peru's southern cities, including Arequipa, Puno, Tacna, Cuzco, Ilo, and with the Bolivian Republic.

Like Chicago, Illinois, it is nicknamed "The Windy City", because of the city's location on the windy Collao Plateau. It is also called the "Sock City" or "Knitting City" because Juliaca was a major center of sock, sweater, and handicraft production. Now the production of clothes, wool and fabrics are industrial processes.

Localización de Juliaca.JPG

It is also home to Inca Manco Capac Airport, the region's main airport.

Economy[edit]

Juliaca is a large trade center for goods and services, and is considered the financial capital of the Puno region. Trade is its principal economic activity, comprising 26.5% of the Labor force. In 2008, Juliaca had 15,439 commercial establishments,[2] which amounts to 41% of trade done in the Puno region.

The city of Juliaca has become a center of capital investment. As a result, poverty has been reduced, and increased per capita income has come to some of its residents.

Climate[edit]

Juliaca has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb) bordering on an alpine tundra climate with cool to cold temperatures most of the year. The average annual precipitation is 610 mm. Winters are dry with very cold nights and mornings, and warm afternoons.

Santa Catalina church.
La Merced church.
Climate data for Juliaca, Peru (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.08
(62.76)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.15
(50.27)
10.1
(50.2)
9.85
(49.73)
8.7
(47.7)
6.4
(43.5)
4.5
(40.1)
4.25
(39.65)
5.8
(42.4)
8.1
(46.6)
9.45
(49.01)
10.15
(50.27)
10.35
(50.63)
8.15
(46.672)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.5
(38.3)
3.2
(37.8)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.8
(25.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.3
(32.5)
1.5
(34.7)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.78
(30.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 133.3
(5.248)
108.7
(4.28)
98.5
(3.878)
43.3
(1.705)
9.9
(0.39)
3.1
(0.122)
2.4
(0.094)
5.8
(0.228)
22.1
(0.87)
41.1
(1.618)
55.3
(2.177)
85.9
(3.382)
609.4
(23.992)
Source: Hong Kong Observatory,[3]

Picture gallery[edit]

References[edit]